Jackson County Biographies
Jackson County Biographies
From The Memorial & Biographical Record of Kansas City and Jackson County, Missouri JOHN H. THOMSON Clerk of the criminal court of Kansas City, was born near Independence, Missouri, November 5, 1841, and is a son of Benjamin F. and Maria L. (Shortridge) Thompson, natives of Kentucky. The paternal grandfather, Matthew Thomson, was a native of Virginia and removed to Kentucky at an early day in its history. He was of Scotch-Irish descent. There he followed farming throughout his business career, and died in Clark county, at an advanced age. The maternal grandfather, Samuel Shortridge, was also a Kentucky farmer and died at the age of 50. The father of our subject carried on the same pursuit. He is numbered among Missouri's pioneers of 1839, at which time he took up his residence about 3 ½ miles SW of Independence, where he engaged in cultivating his land and reared his family. His death occurred on the 1st of May, 1861, at the age of 42 years. His widow still survives him, and now makes her home in Independence. Both were consistent member and active workers in the Christian church, and the father served as deacon. He was sheriff of Jackson county for 2 terms, and also a member of the legislature. While acting in the former capacity, he also performed the duties of assessor and collector. He was a man of recognized prominence in the community, and his sterling qualities commanded the respect of all. Mr. and Mrs. Thomson had 8 sons and 2 daughters, and 6 are yet living, namely: William A., John H., Matthew T., Benjamin F., Edwin H., and Robert B. The subject of this review was reared in Jackson county on the old home farm and acquired his education in the district schools. To his father he gave the benefit of his service until he had attained his majority, after which he engaged in teaching school for one term. He then engaged in farming for 2 years, after which he established a grocery store in Kansas City, conducting the same from 1868 until 1872. In 1874 he was elected clerk of the criminal court, but after about 5 months was forced to resign on account of ill heath, and went to New Mexico. For 7 months he was employed as clerk in the post-officer at Santa Fe, and was then appointed clerk of the district court of that territory, by virtue of which office he was clerk of the supreme court, and in those capacities he served for 3 years. The following year he spent in California, after which he returned to Santa Fe, and was secretary of the territorial board of immigration for a year. Ill health then forced him to go to California, and in 1885 he returned to Jackson county, Missouri, being soon after appointed clerk of the probate court of Independence. In 1890 he was nominated and elected clerk of the criminal court for a term of 4 years, and in 1894 was re-elected, so that he is now serving his second term. During the civil war our subject was for 6 months a member of the Missouri state guard in Price's command. Socially, he is a 32 degree Mason, and a member of Palestine commandery, of Independence. He votes with the democracy. All his life has been passed in Jackson county, with the exception of the years which he passed in New Mexico and California for the sake of his health. His is therefore well known to many citizens of the community and has lived so as to command their confidence and respect. He is popular and has many warm friends who esteem him highly for his sterling worth and many excellencies of character. F. W. RATHBONE, M. D. Has been identified with the medical profession of Kansas City, Missouri, since 1883, and is recognized as one of the leading physicians of the city. As such he is a fit subject for biographical honors, and we are pleased in this connection to present an outline of his life's career. F. W. Rathbone was born in Wirt county, West Virginia, January 12, 1856, his parents being John C. and Eliza (Vanderbeek) Rathbone, the former a native of New York state and the latter of New Jersey. The family of which the Doctor is a member was composed of 10 children, f5 sons and 5 daughters, and of this number only 4 are now living - Abram, William P., Francis W. and John C., Jr. Their mother died in 1892, at the age of 70 years. The venerable father is still living, his home being in Holden, Missouri. Early in life he was employed as civil engineer, later was engaged in the oil business and banking, being thus occupied up to 1883, when he came west to Kansas City. Here he lived retired for 9 years, and since 1892 has resided at Holden. He is a devout Catholic, as was also his wife, and in that faith they reared their family. During the civil war he was a soldier in the 11th Virginia volunteer infantry, served 3 years, and came out of the army with the rank of colonel. His intimate acquaintance with the country made him especially valuable on the patrol, in which he was occupied during the greater part of his army life. Dr. Rathbone's grandfather, William Palmer Rathbone, was a New Yorker by birth, a farmer by occupation, and spent many years in the western part of Virginia, where he died, at the age of 82 years. He had charge of the commissary department after the War of 1812, was well educated, was one of the leading spirits of his day and place, and served as one of the judges of his district. His family was composed of 6 children. The Doctor's maternal ancestors were of Holland-Dutch origin. His grandfather, Abram J. Vanderbeek, was born in New Jersey, followed the quiet life of a farmer, and lived to the advanced age of 86 years. Dr. Rathbone was reared chiefly at Parkersburg, West Virginia, and received his early schooling there. Then he attended Wheeling College, and later the Christian Brothers', or Rock Hill, College, at Ellicott City. He began studying medicine at Jefferson College, Philadelphia, in 1872, and the following year was a student in the College of Pharmacy in New York City. About this time his failing health compelled him to drop his studies, and it was not until some years later that he took them up again. He graduated in 1883, and the same year he came west and opened an office in Kansas City, where, as already stated, he has since been engaged in the practice of his profession. He is a member of the regular medical profession and of the Jackson County Medical Society. Dr. Rathbone's home is at No. 1015 Prospect Ave., Kansas City, and his family is composed of wife and 3 children. He was married February 27, 1878, to Miss Arianna J. Hannan, daughter of J. R. Hannan. Their children are Stella, Marie and Cameron. The Doctor adheres to the faith of the Roman Catholic Church, in which he was reared, and to the political principles of the democratic party, and his wife is an Episcopalian. JAMES H. HARKLESS Of the firm of Harless, O'Grady & Crysler, attorneys at law, Kansas City. A study of the lives of the successful men of all ages and climes has been one of absorbing interest, and especially in this broad western land of ours, where so many opportunities are offered for the ambitious young man to rise, do we find the study of biography an interesting one. Indeed, the only bar to success in this land is lack of will power. It is needless to say that Mr. Harkless is a self-made man. “Every man is the architect of his own character as well as his own fortune.” “Honor and fame from no condition rise; act well your part; there all the honor lies.” Mr. Harkless was born in Belmont county, Ohio, May 15, 1856, and is a son of James and Sarah (McConn) Harkless, natives of Morgan county, Ohio, and Ohio county, West Virginia, respectively. Both families are of Scotch-Irish origin. In his earlier life Mr. Harkless was a successful and well-known railroad contractor. He and his partner, Mr. McCartney, had the contract for the construction of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad between Hagerstown, Maryland, and Grove Creek, West Virginia, a distance of 32 miles. In 1860 Mr. Harkless came west, temporarily locating at Charleston, Illinois. Here he resided during the war period, having been connected with a local military organization that did good service in preserving the peace and suppressing defiant treason that here reared aloft its hideous head. In 1866 he moved to Barton county, Missouri, and located in Lamar. Here he and his son, James H., then a lad of 10 years, engaged in freighting in Sedalia, Missouri. In this business they were engaged until the organization of the Southwestern Stage Company, in which Mr. Harkless became a stockholder. Subsequently he retired from the activities of a business life and settled on a farm near Lamar, where he died in 1883. Mrs. Harkless preceded her husband to the unknown world, her death having occurred in 1881. They were parents of 5 children: James H.; Thomas W., of the firm of Harkless, Allen & Company, merchants, Lamar, Missouri; Ella, wife of Monroe Billings, superintendent of bridge construction of the Kansas City, Pittsburg & Gulf railroad; George A., member of a merchantile firm at Lamar; Cora B., wife of W. B. Moudy, of Fort Scott. The subject of this review was reared on the farm. In the public schools he received an elementary education. At the age of 10 years he drove a freight wagon for his father from Lamar to Sedalia, Missouri, a distance of 160 miles, taking 8 days to make a trip. He also drove stage on the Southwest Stage line, and herded cattle on the prairies of Missouri. Thus was life passed until his 19th year, gaining an experience that has been of the greatest advantage to him. His natural bent was not for a life such as he had followed up to this time. He had for some time been predisposed to the law as a career most to his liking. In 1875 he entered the law office of Hon. R. B. Robinson, of Lamar, under whose able direction he diligently read until April, 1877, when passing a highly creditable examination, he was admitted to the bar. He was immediately taken into partnership by his preceptor, with whom he practiced at Lamar till 1886, when they both came to Kansas City, where their association was continued. In 1887 John O'Grady was admitted to the firm, and in 1892 Mr. Robinson retired, since when the style of the firm has been Harkless, O'Grady & Crysler. Mr. Harkless was chairman of the Republican county committee and was president of the State Republican League, which met at Sedalia in 1892, and wad made his own successor by the convention of 1894 that met at Springfield. He has been honored by appointment to the position of assistant city counselor, and was twice tendered the nomination for congressman - all of which honors he declined. His activity in politics has not been for personal gain or aggrandizement. He believes the interests of the people are best subserved by republian principles of government, and this reason alone has prompted his advocacy of these principles. The ability, sterling integrity and undaunted courage shown by Mr. Harkless, and his stalwart republicanism, tempered by a just conception of the equities of public good, command for him both voice and influence in the councils of his party. Possessed of rare mental attainments and accurate knowledge of law, with keen perceptions of fine points and nice distinctions, his power of language and oratory have won for him an enviable place at the bar of his state. He was united in marriage with Miss Cad M. Kiser, a graduate of Otterbein College, Ohio, and a young lady of rare accomplishments. They have 2 children - Fay and James. MAJOR P. C. SMITH Among the delightful rural homes in Jackson County, Missouri, is that of the gentleman whose name introduces this biographical record, its location being on Section 5, Township 47 North, and Range 32 West, Washington township. The period of his identification with the history of this locality covers three decades, and during the 30 years of his residence here he has been a prominent factor in the affairs of the community, aiding and promoting all interests which are calculated to advance the general welfare. He is justly deserving of the high esteem in which he is held, for his life has been one of honor and upright in its various relations, characterized by that true manly principle which never fails to win esteem and command admiration. The Major comes of a family that has long been established in this country and one noted for its loyalty and fidelity to the nation. His forefathers figured in the wars of the country, in the revolution which gave to America her independence and in the second war with England; and his own title was earned while fighting for the preservation of the union as he followed the stars and stripes on southern battlefields. He was born in Clermont county, Ohio, on the 11th of March, 1832, and is a son of John P. Smith. His father was born in New Jersey, in the year 1793, and the grandfather was also a native of that state and a direct descendant of John Pye Smith, a notable old English divine. In Clermont county, Ohio, John P. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Naomi Higbee, a native of New Jersey and a daughter of George Higbee. Her paternal grandfather was a captain in the Revolutionary War and rendered valiant service on many a battlefield. The Higbees, like the Smiths, were of English origin, and both families moved in the same year - 1818 - to Clermont county, Ohio. There, as before stated, the parents were married and took up their residence upon a farm. To them were born 9 children, 4 of whom are now living, 2 sons and 2 daughters. The mother died in Clermont county, in 1851, and the father, surviving her for a number of years, passed away in 1875. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and both he and his good wife were devoted and earnest members of the Methodist Episcopal church. Major Smith of this review, the youngest son in his father's family, was reared to manhood under the parental roof, while in the village school near his home he acquired his education. At the age of 19 he left home and went to Cincinatti, where he engaged in clerking for several years, or until 1855, when he emigrated to Adams county, Illinois, and embarked in business on his own account, as a dealer in general merchandise, in Lima, where he carried on operations until 1862. The war had been inaugurated and the patriotic spirit was strong within him - far stronger than the desire for wealth. Putting aside all personal considerations, he enlisted, in August, 1862, becoming a member of Company G, 119th Illinois infantry. He was made captain of the company on its organization and served as such 2 years, at the expiration of which time he was made major of the same regiment, his promotion being in recognition of his valiant conduct on the field of battle. With the boys in blue he first marched to Jackson, Tennessee, and soon after took part in the battle of Rutherford, where he conducted the fight with 2 companies under his own command, against Forrest. Here Captain Smith was forced to surrender, but after 2 weeks was released on parole at Columbus, Kentucky, and from there went to St. Louis, where he served on court marital 6 months under General Schofield. He was then exchanged and returned to his regiment at Memphis, Tennessee, and again took command of his company. He was on the Meridian campaign under General Sherman, and was a participant in the Red River expedition under General Banks, during which he engaged with his men in the battles of Fort DeRussey, Pleasant Hill, Cane River, Bayou La Moore, Marksville and Yellow Bayou. When the army was forced to withdraw from that region the command to which Major Smith was attached was left to cover the retreat. He was afterward in the campaign in Arkansas against Marmaduke, and subsequently participated in the battle of Tupelo, Mississippi; then went into Missouri against Price, but the 16th Army Corps under General A. J. Smith turned back at Harrisonville and went to Nashville, where he was in the two-days battle under General George H. Thomas. It was immediately after the engagement at Nashville that he was promoted major of his regiment. Then followed the transfer to New Orleans and Mobile, the siege and capture of Spanish Fort, and of Fort Blakely, and the surrender of Mobile - in all of which he was a participant. By the fortunes of war he was next transferred to Montgomery, Alabama, and a month later he returned to Mobile, where he was honorable discharged, August 20, 1865, after a service of just 3 years. Throughout his army life, although he was often in the hottest of the fight, he never received a wound. Faithfully and loyally he followed the old flag until the stars and stripes floated over the capital of the southern confederacy, when he returned to his home with the consciousness of ever having done his duty. While in Missouri during the war Major Smith was very favorably impressed with the climate and natural resources of this section of the state, and the year following his return from the army he came back to Missouri and has since made this place his home. It was in April, 1866, that he located on his present farm, a tract comprising 140 acres, which he has brought under a high state of cultivation and improvement. His wife also owns 40 acres of choice land, and their fine residence is one of the most attractive in the community, giving evidence of the culture and refinement of the inmates. Major Smith was married in 1858, to Miss Naomi j. Killam, a native of Lima, Illinois, and a daughter of Thomas Killam, who for many years was one of the most prominent residents of that locality and a most ardent advocate of abolition principles. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have 6 children, namely: Earnest E., who is living in Kansas City, and, in connection with Elbert E., is publisher of the Daily Law and Credit Record of Kansas City; Mrs. Almina Campbell, Mrs. Fannie Bryant, Harold A. and Clifford B. Major Smith has long been identified with the Masonic fraternity, and being a union veteran is of course a member of the popular organization known as the Grand Army of the Republic. His political views harmonize with the principles of the republican party, to which his support and influence have been given since he has attained his majority. He is a warm friend of the cause of education, does all in his power to advance its interests, and for 40 years has most capably served as school director. He takes an active interest in everything pertaining to the welfare of the community and its advancement in moral, social and legitimate business lines. He is a man whom to know is to respect and esteem, and his friends throughout the community are many. On another page appears a portrait of the major, who, whether in public or in private life, has commanded the respect of all with whom he has come in contact. HOMER CUTLER CROWELL, M. D. Is numbered among Kansas City's successful physicians. One of the native sons of the Green Mountain state, he was born in Westminster, January 14, 1852, and is a son of Ransom and Emily (Cutler) Crowell, the former a native of Vermont and the latter of Nova Scotia. Their family numbered 4 sons and 1 daughter, as follows: Homer C.; Highland R., a resident of Northfield, Massachusetts; Henry L., of Bernardston, Massachusetts; Preston R., a Congregational minister of Greenfield, New Hampshire; and Jennie, who died at the age of 2 ½ years. The father of this family carried on agricultural pursuits in his early life, but for the past 25 years has engaged in merchandising in Bernardston, Massachusetts. He is a prominent citizen of that community, and for a quarter of a century has served as justice of the peace - a fact that well indicates his fidelity to duty and the confidence reposed in him. Both he and his wife are members of the Congregational church. The parental grandfather of our subject, Levi Crowell, was born on Cape Cod, and was one of a family of 9 children, all seafaring people in early life, but afterward following farming in the neighborhood of Westminster, Vermont. The grandfather was a man of sterling character, a stanch republican, and a great reader. The maternal grandfather of the Doctor was Rev. Abel Cutler, a native of Massachusetts, born in Waltham in 1781. He was graduated at Andover University in 1810, and was considered one of the best scholars in his class. He was twice married and had 2 daughters. His death occurred in 1859. Dr. Crowell was reared on the old home farm and began his education in the district schools. Subsequently he attended Powers' Institute, of Bernardston, and the academy at Meriden, New Hampshire, also the Methodist College at Montpelier. About 1870 he took up the study of medicine, was graduated at the University of Vermont, at Burlington, and entered upon practice at Syracuse, New York, in 1875. He remained there for 6 years, after which he went to Idaho for his health. The following year he took a trip to South America, spending 1 ½ years in gold mining in that country, and subsequently made 2 other trips to that country, where he still had valuable mining properties. The year 1887-8 he passed in New York City, and in 1888 he came to Kansas City, Missouri, where he has practiced continuously since, doing a very large and lucrative business. In February, 1880, the Doctor was joined in wedlock with Miss Anna Fisk, daughter of Hiram Fisk. She was a member of the Methodist church, and died in September, 1880. The Doctor holds membership in the Congregational church. Socially he is a Scottish rite Mason, and in politics he is republican. The Doctor's office is located in the Young Men's Christian Association building on 9th Street. He is a skilled physician, making a specialty of genecology and abdominal surgery. He has performed some most difficult operations, which have been attended with success, and is considered high authority on all matters pertaining to his specialty. He has made liberal contributions to the medical literature of the day, and his writings are widely copied and quoted. By thorough study and persistent effort he has won a place in the ranks of his profession that secures him the patronage which comes from a wide area, being by no means confined to his adopted city. His rank as an abdominal surgeon is such that he is classed with the most distinguished members of the profession devoted to that specialty, in a work now being prepared by the granddaughter of Ephraim McDowell, who was the first to practice ovariotomy. The Doctor is now serving as president of the Jackson County Medical Society, and was the 1st vice president of the Academy of Medicine of Kansas City, in fact was instrumental in its organization. He was also one of the vice-presidents of the State Society in 1894, and is now vice-president of the Western Gynecological Society. He is also president of the Kansas City Polyclinic Post-Graduate School of Medicine, an institution devoted to clinical teaching exclusively and admitting as matriculants only graduates of medicine. The Doctor is also connected with several of the hospitals as surgeon in the department of gynecology. Aside from his profession Dr. Crowell is also a man of excellent executive and business ability, and his interests are quite varied. He is a director in the Bankers' Life Insurance Society of Kansas City, and is president of the Whittaker Phosphate Company. He is vice-president of a coffee plantation in New Mexico, and has a clay and coal farm in southern Missouri, which he is now developing for the manufacture of paving brick; also mining coal for gas purposes and numerous other enterprises. He is a vice-president of the gold mining company organized for working the Tamana gold mines in Antioquia, United States of Colombia. He possesses the determination which overcomes obstacles, and industry that never falters, and to these characteristics he owes his success in life. ALLAN B. H. MCGEE The history of the representative businessmen of the west, with a few exceptions, is that of men who, in the early years of their lives, laid the foundation upon which they have gradually built superstructures of a successful business life, and who, unaided by fortunes at the start, have by their own abilities, perseverance and industry attained positions of trust and honor and gained a competence that places them and their families in such a position that they can never know what it is to battle against adversity as did their fathers. Among this class of men, Mr. McGee stands prominently at the front. It cannot fail to prove of interest to the student of human nature, and it is typical in its advancement of the progress of his adopted state. A native of Kentucky, Mr. McGee was born near Bardstown, May 21, 1815, and is the only survivor of the family of James H. and Nellie (Frye) McGee. His father was born in Kentucky, and his mother belonged to an old Virginian family. Their marriage was celebrated in the former state, and in 1827 they became residents of Missouri, locating near Liberty, but in the Fall of 1827 settled on land where Kansas City now stands. The father here purchased tracts of several squatters and later entered the land from the government when it came into market. It was principally covered with hazel brush, but he believed it an advantageous location and with wonderful foresight predicted that a large city would eventually be founded here. He at once began to clear and improve the place and transformed a considerable portion of it into richly cultivated fields. His political support was given to the whig party. His death occurred in 1840, and his wife, who was a consistent member of the Baptist church, passed away about 1880. Mr. and Mrs. McGee were the parents of 10 children who grew to maturity: Mrs. Amelia Steen, who died leaving a large family; Allan B. H.; Frye P., who died in 1881, leaving 2 daughters; M. W., who died in California; Mrs. Catherine Johnson, who died leaving 7 children; E. M., ex-mayor of Kansas City, who died here in 1873, leaving 1 daughtger; Angeline, deceased; Eleanor Campbell, who passed away leaving 2 children; Peter Minard, who was a soldier in the Confederate army, and was killed at the battle of Franklin; and James H., who died leaving 4 children. Mr. McGee of this review was a lad of 12 summers when with the family he came to Missouri. In this wild and desolate region there were no school privileges to be enjoyed, and few advantages of any kind. He received some instruction from an old traveling teacher, but is practically self-educated, and through close application, experience and observation he has become a well informed man, gaining a practical knowledge that has enabled him to pursue a successful business career. He worked for his father in his early youth, and the hardships of pioneer life are familiar to him through experiences. It is the labors of such men as our subject in the development of this region that have made the comforts of the present generation possible. His first independent effort in life was the furnishing of food supplies for the Indians under government contract, and for some years he was thus engaged, while the money he received for his services was used by his father in purchasing land. He was always a favorite with the Indians, and his fairness and kindness won him many friends among the members of the red race. He became familiar with their habits and modes of living and knew how best to deal with them. Subsequently he cared for the home farm and also operated a water mill and distillery. Just before he attained his majority, Mr. McGee left his parental home, cleared a tract of land and made preparations for a home of his own. In 1837, he returned to Kentucky, and on the 8th of May was united in marriage with Miss Melinda Frye, a native of that state. Bringing his bride to Missouri, he worked for his father for a year, and then operated the mill and distillery. In 1838 he settled on the old homestead, which has now been his place of abode for 57 long years. The town of Westport had then no existence. The little cabin was supplied with furniture made by the Indians and purchased of Rev. Thomas Johnson. The beds were of grass, and it can easily be imagined that the materials in the little home were crude and primitive, but nevertheless many happy days were passed there, for there was something attractive about the freedom and genuineness of this pioneer life. Mr. McGee cleared the place and transformed it into a richly cultivated tract. He also took contracts to build the church and schoolhouse in his neighborhood, and in various ways was connected with the upbuilding and development of this locality. As time passed he made additions to his hewed-log cabin, afterward weatherboarded and plstered it, and made a comfortable home. In his business he prospered, carrying forward to successful completion whatever he undertook. In that early period, Mr. McGee was an Indian trader for several years, selling all kinds of merchandist to the tribes which still visited this locality. He came in contact with many of the noted western pioneers, prepared outfits for General John C. Fremont on 2 of his trips and entertained the General's wife at his own house. He also outfitted a number of English lords for buffalo hunts, and a large number of people who were on the way to California during the gold excitement in that state. He successfully carried on farming for a number of years, and afterward, in connection with the operation of his land, conducted a hotel in Westport. He is a man of sound judgment, quick to see and improve opportunities, and his prosperity in the financial world he owes entirely to his own undertakings. In 1847 Mr. McGee was called upon to mourn the loss of his first wife. They had 3 children, viz: Mary, wife of A. M. Allen; Anna P., wife of James W. White; and Alice, deceased. For his second wife, Mr. McGee chose Christina Frye, a sister of his first wife, and they had one child; but the mother and son have both passed from life. On the 11th of January, 1869, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. McGee and Miss Susan B. Gill, sister of Judge Gill. They have 3 children: Nellie, wife of W. W. Nelson, of Kansas City; Allan B. H., Jr., and Gill. This is one of the most prominent and influential families of Jackson county; and among the honored pioneers, occupying a foremost place, is our subject, who is the oldest living settler in Westport. In 1888 he erected his elegant residence, which stands in the midst of a valuable tract of land of 24 acres. In religious faith Mr. McGee is a Baptist. In politics he was formerly an old-line whig and afterward a democrat. He has taken an active interest in political affairs, but has always refused to hold office. His is an honored old age. His life, well and worthily spent, has been of benefit to those around him and to the community. Few men have more devoted friends than he; none excel him in unselfish devotion and unswerving fidelity to the worthy recipients of his confidence and friendship. JUDGE ALBERT GALLATIN WILLIAMS Is one of the honored and influential citizens of Jackson county, a faithful representative of the true southern gentleman, ever chivalrous, honorable and courteous. For 43 years he has been connected with the history of this locality, dating his residence from 1852. He was born in Simpson county, Kentucky, December 9, 1835. His father, William J. Williams, was born in 1792, in Tennessee, in a fort called Station Camp. The grandfather, John Williams, was one of the heroes of the revolution, serving for 6 years under Colonel Harry Lee. In 1800 he removed with his family to Kentucky from Tennessee, and was the first state senator from the Logan county district. The Judge's father was a participant in the War of 1812, serving as lieutenant of a company that went to join Harrison's forces, and took part in the battle of the Thames, Canada. In 1827 he was one of the commissioners to locate the county seat of Simpson county, Kentucky, and the choice fell upon Franklin. He was one of the few extensive farmers who did not use slaves in the cultivation of his land. He served as sheriff of his county, and during his term there occurred a duel between Colonel Samuel Houston and Judge White. These gentlemen were indicted and the duty of making their arrest fell to Mr. Williams, who placed Mr. Houston under arrest, when it was shown that the duel had been on mutual ground. Mr. Williams also served in the legislature for several terms, and was a county judge of Kentucky when that position was a very important one. He had one son, John P. Williams, who was a captain in the Confederate service, and died at Little Rock, Arkansas, after the battle of Pea Ridge. He had enlisted in the service from Sniabar township. Another brother, D. C. Williams, now resides in Texas. Judge Williams, whose name introduces this review, first came to Jackson county in 1852, on a visit, reaching Blue Springs on election day of that year. Here he sought and obtained a position as teacher and followed that profession for three years in Sniabar township. On the 6th of June, 1855, he was united in marriage with Amanda A. Gibson, daughter of Joseph Gibson. She was born in the house where the Judge now lives, August 17, 1838. Her father, Joseph Gibson, settled in Missouri in 1831, removing from Simpson county, Kentucky. The family homestead he pre-empted from the government and purchased additional tracts until he owned 1,000 acres, all in one body. His death occurred in 1845. He married Matilda Aden, also a native of Kentucky. Judge Williams and his wife at the time of their marriage located on a part of the Maguire farm, where they lived until after the war. In 1854 he was elected constable, and in 1860 he served in Governor Jackson's state militia. When the civil war broke out his brother entered the service, but Judge Williams could not bring himself to fight against the government which his grandfather and his father had helped to establish. In 1863 he went West, hauling freight to Colorado. In 1865 he returned to Missouri, sold his farm and purchased the old Gibson homestead. He secured 140 acres of land, including the old home, and now turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. On the place stands the old-fashioned hewed-log house built by the former owner in 1836, but it is still in a fine state of preservation. Judge Williams also took a very active part in public affairs. He was elected in 1874, on the democratic ticket, as county judge; was made presiding justice and served 2 years, his associates being James B. Yeager, Thomas Brogham, Thomas McNama and A. M. Allen. About the same time he engaged in the grain and stock shipping business in connection with Lewis Day, the enterprise being continued for about 4 years. He was then connected with the Blue Springs Elevator Company for 2 years. On his farm he engaged in the cultivation of wheat and later raised corn and cattle. He was one of the first to engage in the breeding of shorthorn cattle and also raised sheep of high grade, importing from Kentucky the finest flock of sheep in Jackson county. Of late years, however, he has abandoned the sheep-raising industry, as it had ceased to be profitable. To the Judge and Mrs. Williams have been born the following named children: Martha M., who died in early childhood; Louisa America, who wedded Cassius C. Carter, and died in April, 1892; Mollie S., wife of James Shepherd, who is living near Grain Valley, Missouri; Permelia Belle, wife of John W. Stanley, of Blue Sprins; Joseph E., who was named for his uncle, Joseph Gibson, who was killed in Kentucky during the civil war, and is known by the name of Jodie; Flora A., wife of Edward Hutchins, who is living in this state; Cora E., at home; Retta A., wife of Willis Dillingham, of Blue Springs; Alice Maud, at home; Rufus L., who is engaged in farming; and Albert Lycurgus, who aids in the operation of the home farm. The Judge and his family attend the Cumberland Presbyterian church, of which the family are members. In his social relations he is a Mason, and in politics is a stalwart democrat, doing all in his power to promote the growth and insure the success of his party. He is always seen as a delegate at the county conventions, and has frequently been sent as a delegate to the state and congressional conventions. Fidelity to duty has always been a predominant trait of his character, and the active and honorable part he has taken in public affairs has made him a valued citizen. D'ESTAING DICKERSON A prominent physician and surgeon, and president of the Western Medical Surgical Institute of Kansas City, was born in Watertown, New York, May 19, 1835. His parents, Dr. Hannibal S. and Abi (Richardson) Dickerson, were also natives of the Empire state, and were of Scotch, Irish, English and German lineage. The strength of the American character comes from a combination of the best traits of various nationalities and this strength is possessed by the Doctor. The Dickerson family was early founded in New York, and its representatives were valiant soldiers in the war of the Revolution, aiding the colonies in their struggle to throw off the yoke of British tyranny. The father of our subject was a prominent physician of Jefferson county. New York, making his home in Watertown, where he had a very extensive practice and gained a high reputation. At the time of his death he was president of the Jefferson County Medical Society. He was a cousin of Dr. Guthrie, the man who discovered chloroform, and related many anecdotes in regard to its first use. He stood at the head of his profession, and was recognized as one of its most eminent representatives throughout the state of New York, doing a very large business. His name was inscribed on the rolls of the New York State Medical Society as one of its most valued members. He died in Watertown, New York, in 1844, at the age of 38 years. To Dr. Hannibal Dickerson and his wife were born 3 children: Mrs. Angelica Andrus, of Watertown, New York; the gentleman whose name heads this review; and Mrs. Victoria Moston, of Kansas City. Dr. D'Estaing Dickerson was reared in his native town and acquired his education in the district schools and Jefferson County Institute. In his youth he developed a taste for the medical profession, and the eminence he has gained in this line seems to indicate that nature intended him for this calling. He took up the study of medicine during his youth, and when 21 years of age was graduated at the Albany Medical College, in the class of 1857. He then practiced medicine for 4 years in the vicinity of Watertown, New York, his old home, and was appointed by Governor Morgan as physician to Sing Sing prison, but remained there only a short time, for the war broke out and he entered his country's service. In 1861 the Doctor was commissioned by Governor Morgan as assistant surgeon o f the 33rd New York infantry, and in 1862 was commissioned chief surgeon of the same regiment. During the war, by order of the medical director, he was placed in charge of all the hospitals of the 6th army corps, a very responsible position, and his appointment indicates the confidence reposed in his ability. He was taken prisoner during the 7 days battle on the Chickahominy while in charge of the hospitals. He was held for 4 weeks and was then exchanged, rejoining the army at Harrison's Landing. The hospital was located on the ground where Patrick Henry was born, and the Doctor's tent stood on the very site of the house. The battles which surgeons fought with disease and death were often fully as arduous and fraught with as much danger as those fought by the boys on the field. Neither did they have the martial music, the roar of cannon, nor the inspiration of numbers to encourage them, but in the silent watches of the night with no sound perhaps save the moan of the wounded they performed their duty, keeping at bay the enemy death, to whom friend and foe must at length alike succumb. When the war was over, Dr. Dickerson returned to his home, and in the Fall of 1865 came to Kansas City, where the following spring he hung out his shingle and began practice. He was full of energy and ambition and felt that the west was the field where he should labor. As the days passed his practice increased, and his skill and ability were demonstrated by the excellent results which followed his efforts. He worked his way steadily upward until at length, looking around him, he found that he had left far behind the ranks of the mediocrity and stood among the most able representatives of his profession in the state. In 1878, associated with Dr. Stark, he established the Western Medical and Surgical Institution, of which he has been president since the beginning. The Doctor was married in 1863 to Miss Mary Scherrill, a native of Geneva, New York. Their only child is now deceased. Mrs. Dickerson is a lady of culture and refinement and a member of the Episcopal church. Her father, E. E. Scherrill, was a prominent man and made a famous war record. He was killed at the battle of Gettysburg, while commanding a brigade. A monument to his memory has been erected on the scene of that memorable struggle. He at one time served as a member of the state legislature of New York, and on another occasion was a member of congress. Dr. Dickerson has always been a democrat, and in the 70's was nominated by his party as mayor of the city, but was defeated. He served as surgeon of the convent here at an early day and was city physician for 3 successive years. Socially, he is connected with the Grand Army of the Republic and is a member of the Loyal Legion of America. As his financial resources have increased, he has made judicious investments in real estate, and with the rise of city property this has become very valuable, and he is classed among the wealthy men of Kansas City. He is an excellent business man as well as a physician, possessing sound judgment and good executive ability, and his prosperity is due entirely to his own efforts. ISAAC H. KINLEY Of the firm of Kinley, Carskadon & Kinley, is a widely known and prominent lawyer of Missouri, having been a resident of Kansas City since 1889. He is a native of Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana, born April 6, 1841, a son of Edward and Mahala (Macey) Kinley, natives of Ohio and Virginia, respectively. His paternal ancestry is traceable to the Huguenots who were forced to flee from France in the 17th century to escape religious persecution. They became Quakers in religious sentiment, and upon coming to America settled in South Carolina, where the grandfather of our subject was born. His maternal ancestry is traced to the Maceys of Massachusetts, whom the poet Whittier immortalized in verse in “The Exiles.” He was driven from his home for having harbored Quakers and protested against the persecution of Friends, whom he protected and befriended. He and his family settled in Nantucket, where they were the first white settlers. This family was among the first settlers in the Northwest territory, having located in what is now Wayne county, Indiana, where the family became prominent and where many of the descendants yet reside. The maternal grandmother of Mr. Kinley lived to be over 100 years old. Edward Kinley was a lawyer by profession. Following the early tide of emigration to Iowa, he settled in Salem in 1846, where he successfully practiced his profession till 1859; then forming a co-partnership for the practice of law with Frank Semple, he moved to Dover, Lee county, same state, where he remained till 1867. He then went to Savannah, Missouri, entering into practice with his son, Joseph M., with whom he was associated till 1870, when he went to Brunswick, Missouri, soon after retiring from practice. He was a gentleman of fine social and legal attainments and attained a high legal degree of prominence at the bar. While living at Dover he was assessor of internal revenue under the administration of President Lincoln. To him and his estimable wife were born 3 children: Isaac H.; Mrs. Amanda E. Bailey, of Tacoma, Washington; and Joseph M., a prominent lawyer of Los Angeles, California. Mr. Kinley was accidentally killed by a moving train near Tacoma, Washington, July 17, 1893. The early life of Isaac H. Kinley was principally passed in Iowa. His early educational discipline was secured in the public schools and the Howe Academy at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, growing to man's estate under the sturdy and vigorous influences of a new country, and gaining a due regard for the dignity of honest toil and an appreciation of the potentialities of personal endeavor. Subsequently he took a finishing course under a private tudor, and at the age of 18 he began reading law in his father's office and 2 years later was admitted to the bar. At about that time the war-cloud broke which had so long been hanging above our national horizon, engulfing the country in a red wave of war, he immediately enlisted and was assigned to duty in company B, third Iowa cavalry. His participation was of the most active kind, taking a part in all the battles in which his regiment was engaged, principally in the trans-Mississippi part of the field. At the expiration of his term of enlistment he received honorable discharge, June, 1864. Upon his return to civil life, he at once resumed reading law, and the following September he went to Albany, New York, where he took the law course in the Albany Law School, graduating in May, 1865. Opening an office in Brunswich, Missouri, in 1865, he soon acquired a clientage, and in 1872 was elected prosecuting attorney and efficiently filled the position for one term, besides holding numerous other local positions of honor and truth. In 1880 he was a member of the state democratic central committee of the 10th congressional district. In 1889 he came to Kansas City to get into a field more commensurate with his abilities and one involving a more diversified practice. From 1875 Mr. Kinley was for 14 years associated with Captain James C. Wallace, of Keytesville, a prominent lawyer, and from 1880 to 1889, they jointly owned and conducted the Weekly Brunswicker, Mr. Kinely being the business manager and editor. From an 8-column folio it was increased to a 6-column quarto, adding all modern improvements, -- steam presses, folders, etc. From 1887 to 1888 he was president of the Missouri Press Association. Socially he is a prominent member of the Ancient Order of Free and Accepted Masons and of Oriental chapter at Kansas City. As a lawyer his legal acumen and ability are fortified and embellished by a wide and thorough general knowledge. He possesses rare physical energy, commanding and conspicuous presence and a magnanimous nature. Keenly sensible of the ethics of his profession, no man loves the ardor of honorable controversy better than he, and no practitioner at the bar of Jackson county excels him in unselfish and incorruptible devotion to duty and the cause of his client. His marriage to Miss Sarah F. Davis was consummated July 30, 1865. They have 3 children: Will H., a prominent young lawyer, Sadie and Louie. WILLIAM HARVEY Occupies the responsible position of freight agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, his office being in Kansas City. Steadily has he worked his way upward, and by close application, persistent and commendable effort has achieved a success of which he is well worthy. He was born in Albany, New York, January 27, 1833, and is a son of Francis and Linda (Higgins) Harvey, natives of the Empire state. The father was engaged in the manufacture of stoves in Albany; he died several years ago. Our subject spent his boyhood days in his native city, and acquired his education in the public schools and at a university there. At the age of 17 he left home to enter a drug store in New York city, and for about 3 years was engaged in that line of business. During that time he saved some capital, and with it embarked in the manufacture of paints and followed painting, this, however, being under the care of foremen. He had little to invest, but prospered in the undertaking and successfully carried it on until failing health compelled him to retire. He then returned to Albany, securing a clerkship with the Albany Northern Railroad. Here his ability and enterprise won recognition by frequent promotions, and he was made agent, cashier and general freight agent in the general office at Albany. In that capacity he continued to serve until 1860, when, desiring to identify his interests with those of the west, he made his way to Quincy, Illinois, and was given charge of the outside freight business of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. There was no bridge across the river at that time, and his business was very extensive, he sometimes having the management of as many as 200 workmen. There he served until 1865, when he was made general agent of the Wabash road at Quincy. In October, 1868, he was appointed agent of the Empire Transportation Company, later owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and continued his headquarters at Quincy, having charge of the territory tributary to that city. He was also manager of the business which concentrated at Burlington and Keokuk, Iowa, and at Hannibal, Missouri, having sub-agents at those places. In 1883 he removed his office to Kansas City, and now has charge of all the southwestern territory. The control of the extensive business which is conducted in the freight department requires a master mind, a strong guiding power and sound judgment - qualities which our subject possesses. Mr. Harvey was married in New York City, when about 21 years of age, to Miss Amanda M. Carman, of that place. She died in Quincy, in 1872, leaving 5 children, namely: William, a railroad man of Chicago; Henry DeWitt, who is also connected with railroad interests in Chicago; George F., who died at the age of 31, in Kansas City, where he was employed in the freight auditing department of Kansas City, Fort Scott & Memphis railroad; R. L., a railroad man of Kansas City; and Leonora C., wife of Charles A. Baughman, a railroad employee in Denver, Colorado. Mr. Harvey was again married, in Quincy, in 1875, his 2nd union being with Miss Julia A. Weber of that city. They have 1 son, Frank C., who is now in the high school in Kansas City. Mr. Harvey gives his political support to the republican party, but has had neither time nor inclination for office. He is a member of the Episcopal church, and served as precentor of the Quincy diocese. For 21 years he had charge of the music, and had in training a choir of 50 men and boys in the Quincy church. He has always been very fond of music, finding one of his greatest sources of pleasure in this art. He has been an interested and active member of various musical societies in Kansas City and was especially prominent in the Philharmonic society. The name of Mr. Harvey is well-known in fraternal circles, he being an Odd Fellow, Knight of Pythias and Druid, but he is best known in the Masonic fraternity, where he has risen to high rank. He was made a Mason in Albany, New York, became worshipful master of the lodge in Quincy, served as worshipful master for 4 years, and was a delegate to the grand lodge. In 1866 he was raised to the 3rd degree, began work in the Scottish rite in June, 1890, and became a member of Adoniram lodge of Perfection. He rose to the 33rd degree and was coronated at St. Louis, October 19, 1893, as inspector general honorary, at the only time when the supreme council met elsewhere than in Washington. He is at present venerable master of Adoniram lodge of Perfection No. 2, also venerable master of the Kadosh of the consistory of western Missouri. He is one of the most prominent and popular Masons in Kansas City, and is a member of Orient chapter Royal Arch Masons, and a member of Oriental commandery, Knights Templar, -- both of Kansas City. EUGENE G. E. JACCARD The name which this gentleman bears has been prominently connected with the mercantile interests of Missouri for many years, and the Mermod & Jaccard Jewelry Company, of St. Louis, is one of the best known houses in the country in its line of business, and our subject has added new luster to the high reputation of the name by his successful and honorable business career as a jeweler of Kansas City. Mr. Jaccard, was born in St. Louis, September 28, 1861, and is a son of D. C. and Eugenie (Chipron) Jaccard, the former a native of St. Croix, Switzerland, the latter of Paris, France. The paternal grandfather lived and died in Switzerland, and was one of the expert watchmakers in that country, noted for its fine workmanship in that line. The maternal grandfather, J. G. Chipron, was a native of Paris, who crossed the Atlantic to America and died in Highland, Illinois, at the age of 77 years. He was a man of fine personal appearance, tall and well formed, and reared a large family. The father of our subject learned the trade of watchmaking in his native land and has always been connected with the jewelry business. Determining to try his fortune in the new world, he came to the United States in 1845 and located in St. Louis, where he now makes his home. He has built up a very extensive trade, and the house of which he is vice-president ranks among the foremost in the jewelry trade in this country. His wife died in 1865. They were both members of the Presbyterian church. In their family were 4 children, of whom 3 are now living, namely: Eugenie, wife of Alfred Perillard, of Lausanne, Switzerland; Anna and Eugene. Mr. Jaccard, of this review, was reared in his native city save for the time which he spent abroad in study. He attended the public schools of St. Louis until 10 years of age, and then went to Switzerland, attending school at Yverdon for 2 ½ years. He afterward went to Ludwigsburg and Stuttgart, Germany, where he remained until 1874. In that year he returned to St. Louis, and in 1877 was graduated at the Kemper's Family School of Booneville, Missouri. Mr. Jaccard then again crossed the water, going to Locle, Switzerland, where he learned the trade of watchmaking under one of the expert watchmakers of that country. In September, 1880, he again arrived in his native land, and entered the employ of the Mermod & Jaccard Jewelry Company as office boy. He had to do his part in the routine work of the store as any other employee, and he thus gained a thorough business training. He afterward served for a time as entry clerk and as salesman, and as he was thorough in his work and made a close study of the business in all particulars, it will fitted him for his present business efforts. In September, 1888, Mr. Jaccard arrived in Kansas City and established the Jaccard Watch & Jewelry Company, of which he was president until February, 1895. The house was destroyed by fire in January, 1893, the company suffering a severe loss, but they soon resumed business, and they now carry a large and elegant stock of watches, clocks and jewelry. November 1, 1895, the subject of this sketch severed his active connection with the jewelry firm, retaining his interest therein, however, and formed a co-partnership with W. B. Johnson, under the firm name of W. B. Johnson, Jaccard & Company, in the fire, casualty and tornado insurance business. On the 18th of June, 1884, was consummated the marriage of Mr. Jaccard and Miss Lena, daughter of Frederick Dings. 4 children have been born to them: Frederick Constant, Eugenie, Gilbert Eugene and Walter Bird. The parents are members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is a prominent Mason of the 32nd degree. He belongs to Kansas City commandery, No. 10, K. T., and to Ararat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is also chancellor of Benton council, No. 22, of the Legion of Honor, of Missouri, and is president of the Kansas City Karnival Krewe. This organization came into existence for the purpose of adding to the fall festivities and to help in attracting additional visitors to the city, and of creating amusements to keep them longer in the community. Thousands of visitors from distant points are attracted every year to this great festival, and the railroads reported a much larger number in 1895 than in any previous years. In politics Mr. Jaccard is a stalwart republican. He is pre-eminently a public-spirited citizen, devoted to the best interests of the community and its upbuilding, withholding his support and co-operation from no enterprise that he believes will benefit the community. Mr. Jaccard is a young man of fine personal appearance, genial disposition and deservedly popular for his affable manners and his kindly bearing, both in business and social circles. Withal he is modest and retiring, and his friends admire him for his many good qualities of head and heart. D. C. JACCARD Commensurate with the progress and development of the west has been the growth of the immense business with which this gentleman is connected. He now occupies the position of vice-president of the Mermod & Jaccard Company, which controls to a great extent the jewelry trade of the Mississippi valley as well as a liberal share of the business in Paris. Mr. Jaccard of this review was born in St. Croix, Switzerland, August 22, 1826, and descended from French Huguenot ancestry, who fled to Switzerland after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and settled in St. Croix on the very first ground after crossing the frontier. Other members of the family remained in Picardy, France, and continued the original spelling of the name, which is Jacquard; but those who located in Switzerland adopted the spelling which is used by our subject. Mr. Jaccard received the usual instruction of the public schools, and when 11 years of age was apprenticed to a jeweler and put to work on the construction of music-boxes. He was afterward taught the business of making watches, and his time was divided between this work and his studies. In 1845 he left the parental home, entering the normal school at Lausanne, where he pursued a 3 year course and was graduated with the honors of a class of 35. In order to defray the expenses of his own education, he taught for 2 hours each day and during the months of vacation followed his trade. He followed school-teaching for a year after completing his own course, and then the political differences in France and Switzerland in 1847-8 induced him to accept an invitation from his cousins, Louis and Eugene Jaccard, to accompany them to St. Louis. Together they left St. Croix, on the 24th of April, 1848, and reached their destination July 15, 1848. Mr. Jaccard at once began work in connection with his cousins at the business he learned in his youth, and to this vocation in its various departments he has since devoted his energies, while in the honest pursuit of a persistent purpose, combined with excellent managing powers and undaunted enterprise, he has risen to a proud position among the merchants of the New World. He was first an employee in the house of Louis Jaccard & Company, which on the 31st of December, 1848, passed out of existence, the senior partner selling a half interest to his nephew, Eugene, who carried on the business alone until 1852, when he admitted A. S. Mermod into a partnership. In 1855 our subject became a 3rd quarter and the firm of E. Jaccard & Company was established and continued business until May 1, 1864. In the previous year, however, the senior member had formed a partnership with Captains La Barge and Harkness, under the name of La Barge, Harkness & Company, for the purpose of trading and steamboating on the river. This being outside of the regular jewelry business it caused a disagreement among the member of the firm of E. Jaccard & Company, and Mr. Mermod and D. C. Jaccard, being apprehensive that their interests would suffer, sold out to Eugene Jaccard on that date, May 1, 1864. Immediately afterward these 2 gentlement purchased a jewelry establishment, and, taking as a partner C. F. Mathey, founded the firm of D. C. Jaccard & Company. They were soon at the head of a good trade and throughout the subsequent period the progress of the firm has been steady and uninterrupted. Even during the period of general commercial depression - from 1873 until 1879 - the development of its business was unchecked. The business and facilities have been greatly increased until the establishment is now the rival in appointments, equipments and stock of the prominent jewelry houses of the country. In 1873 the firm style was changed to Mermod, Jaccard & Company, in order to prevent mistakes arising from the similarity of the 2 firm names. The policy of the house is one of the most commendable and has been adhered to, to the letter. Undoubtedly the success is largely due to this. When the new firm was formed the partners signed a written agreement that they would never speculate in anything, that they would never buy more goods than they could pay cash for, that they would not sign any notes or have any drafts drawn on them, and that at the end of every month they would carefully examine the condition of their affairs in order to act intelligently in the purchase of goods. The faithfulness with which they adhered to these regulations was soon discovered by manufacturers, all of whom became anxious to deal with such a house, and consequently the very best offers have always been at their disposal. The firm had its own manufactory for watches, the greater number of ladies' watches being made in St. Croix, Switzerland, by a house of which Mr. Jaccard's brother, Justin, is at the head. His cousins are also manufacturers of music-boxes there. Mermod, Jaccard & Company also own a house in Paris, where V. Verseputy, a most expert connoisseur, watches the diamond market for them and selects all of their clocks and objets d'art. Two of the members also visit Europe regularly twice a year for the purchase of new articles in their line. The house has also representatives in Vienna, Bohemia, London, Birmingham, Sheffield and other European cities, and is so well known throughout that country that it can buy whatever it needs quite as well as in New York, such is its standing among manufacturers and those who supply it with its goods. This high reputation, it is needless to say, it enjoys as well in the United States and Mexico as in more distant lands. Mr. Jaccard is of a quiet, retiring disposition, yet his name is connected with many works of charity, while many more of his benevolent acts have never reached the public notice, owing to his freedom from ostentation. As treasurer of the Societe du Sou par Semaine, he distributed during the war, in connection with the Sanitary Commission, over $20,000 to relieve the wants of persons on both sides. In 1868 he was appointed vice consul to Switzerland at St. Louis, and acted alone as consul for 2 years. In politics he is independent and an earnest advocate of civil-service reform, believing that candidates should be chosen with regard to the ability of the man and not to his party affiliations. In religion he is a Presbyterian, and was formerly an elder in Dr. Books' church. In 1855 he was united in marriage with the daughter of J. G. Chipron, brother-in-law of Rev. Dr. Grandpierre, of Pari, France, where Mrs. Jaccard was born. Her parents became residents of Highland, Illinois. HUGH L. MCELROY The executive and financial ability of Young America is most aptly illustrated in the successful career of Mr. Hugh L. McElroy, whose experience in mercantile, real-estate and banking life stamps him as a man of varied resources. He was born in Springfield, Washington county, Kentucky, in 1832. At an early age he evinced a decided preference for the mercantile business over the confinement of the school-room, and, during vacations, manifested his peculiar aptness in this line by making more successful sales in his father's store than older salesmen. In 1846, when only 14 years old, he left school, and in connection with an older brother and a Mr. Rinehart, bought out the interests of his father and uncle. For 10 years the new firm did the most flourishing business in Springfield. In 1856 Mr. McElroy sold his interest in the store and engaged in the brokerage business, but after 18 months returned to mercantile life and continued in it until 1866. He then came west to Leavenworth and invested in cattle. This venture, like all his other enterprises, proved successful. In 1868 he located in Kansas City, then a town of about 5,000 inhabitants and still suffering from the effects of the war. Mr. McElroy soon comprehended the possibilities of the location, and quickly turned his attention to speculating in real estate. Possessing a thorough knowledge of the national banking system, having formerly been vice-president of the First National Bank of Springfield, Kentucky, his native town, he became one of the organizers and directors of the Kansas City National Bank - the second one organized in Kansas City. Since then he has officiated in this capacity in many others, viz: The Commerical National, organized in 1869, with L. K. Thatcher as president, the National Exchange, the Aetna National, the German American National, and is at present a director in the Metropolitan National. Although offered more prominent positions in a number of these banks, he has persistently declined, giving his attention to his own private business. In his various transactions Mr. McElroy has ever displayed that integrity of character and purpose which has always commended him to the confidence of business men, and a judgment and knowledge which insures success. By nature he is modest and retiring, tender-hearted, and refined always shunning notoriety or ostentation. He was never a club man or fond of miscellaneous or fashionable society, but loves to entertain his friends in the old-fashioned, informal way. In matters of charity he adheres to the Scriptural injunction of, “Let not your left hand know what your right hand doeth,” and very many could testify to his quiet generosity and kindness. Mr. McElroy is of Scotch-Irish Presbyterian descent. In politics he affiliates with the democratic party, but takes no active interest in political matters. He was married October 10, 1872, to Miss Mary Hardy, daughter of Major John G. Hardy, a prominent and wealthy citizen of Mercer county, Kentucky. They now reside in a beautiful home at 1512 E. 8th Street, where they dispense hospitality in true southern style. ELIJAH F. SLAUGHTER Brooking township, Jackson county, Missouri, has no better representative of the intelligent farmer than is found in the subject of this sketch, Elijah F. Slaughter. Before proceeding to a review of his life we would refer briefly to his progenitors; for the biography of no man is complete without some reference to the source from which he sprang. The Slaughters are of English origin. Gabriel Slaughter, the first representative of the family in America, emigrated hither from England at an early day and settled near Norfolk, Virginia, where he had a large landed estate and where he passed the rest of his life and died. His son, William, a native of Norfolk, born about 1735, emigrated from Virginia to Tennessee about the year 1800 and settled in Washington county, where he died at a good old age. He was a veteran of the revolutionary war. In Richmond, Virginia, August 21, 1781, to him and his wife, Sarah, was born a son, whom they named William, and who became the father of Elijah F. Slaughter. This son, the younger William Slaughter, was educated in Washington College, Washington county, Tennessee, and chose for his profession the ministry. He was first in the Presbyterian church and subsequently became a leader in what was known as the “Campbellite” church, this organization now claiming the name of “Christians.” The mother of our subject was before her marriage Miss Rebecca Mulkey. She was a native of Washington county, Tennessee, born May 17, 1788, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Mulkey, a Baptist minister and a native of North Carolina. Her grandfather, the Rev. Philip Mulkey, was a Virginian by birth and of Scotch origin. Miss Mulkey was reared and educated in Tennessee and was married there, August 22, 1805, to Mr. Slaughtger. They settled in Washington county, made that their home until 1831, and then moved to Kentucky, where the next 17 years were spent. In 1852 they came to Jackson county, Missouri, and settled in Independence. Here he died September 11, 1871; and she, January 6, 1863. They were the parents of 10 children, all of whom reached mature age, namely: Sallie, John N., Jonathan M., Isaac W., Mary S., Sarah G., Elizabeth R., Elijah F., James H. and Philip M. Sallie was born August 31, 1807. She and her husband, Duke Rubell, are both deceased, and of their 8 children only 4 are living. John N., born December 13, 1810, was twice married and had 3 children. He is deceased. Jonathan M., born October 31, 1812, married Elizabeth Mulkey. They are deceased and one child is living. Isaac W., born July 2, 1815, wedded Mahala Randolph, by whom he had a large family. She is deceased. Mary S., wife of James A Jackson, is deceased, as is also her husband. Samuel G., born February 2, 1820, married Alethia Young, now deceased. Elizabeth R., born November 25, 1882, became the wife of John M. Frazier, who died, leaving her with 6 children. Subsequently she married Enoch Payne. James H., born July 22, 1827, married Elizabeth Brown. They had no children. He is deceased. Philip M., born January 10, 1831, married Sarah A. Jones, by whom he has 6 children. As already stated, Mr. Slaughter (the grandfather) was a Revolutionary soldier. During the War of 1812 the father of our subject was drafted into the service, and as he was unable to go himself he sent a substitute. When the great civil war in all its horrors came upon the country we find four of the Slaughter brothers going out in the strength of their manhood to fight for what they deemed just and right, and, as was not unfrequently the case, they were divided in their sentiments. James H. disappeared in the war and has never been heard of since. Jonathan and Philip were in the union army and Samuel was a captain in the Confederate ranks. From this glimpse of his family history, we turn now to the life of our immediate subject, Elijah F. Slaughter. He was born February 16, 1825, in Washington county, Tennessee, and was reared there and in Kentucky, receiving a high school education and having the best of home training. He remained on his father's farm until attaining manhood, when he commenced teaching school, and taught both in Kentucky and Missouri, his experience in the schoolroom covering no less than 10 years. After his marriage he settled down in Washington township, this county, and made his home here from 1853 until 1859. Then he improved a little farm in Cass county, this state, living there from 1859 until 1861, when he returned to Jackson county and settled on rented land. For a time he served in the Tadpole militia. At the close of the war he purchased the property upon which he has since lived, it being all wild land at that time, and here on Section 19 of Brooking township he has 120 acres of choice land, all under cultivation and nicely improved. He came down here one night and by the light of the stars and with the North Star for his guide, he set the stakes for his house. Besides his home place he has 20 acres of timber land. Mr. Slaughter was married March 24, 1853, to Amanda M. Davenport, a sister of J. S. Davenport, of Jackson county. She was born April 10, 1831, and was educated in the district schools and at Westport. They have 6 children living, as follows: Orlando V., born August 9, 1854, married Elizabeth Havron, lives near Raytown and has 4 children; William F., born July 26, 1858, married Belle Black, and lives in Oregon; Stephen D., born December 14, 1860, is unmarried; George F., born January 20, 1863, married Allie Bush, has 3 children, and lives in Oregon; Ida F., born March 9, 1865, is the wife of Dr. Loren Swaney, and lives in Drexel, Missouri; and Ernest E., born March 31, 1870, married Miss Kate West. Mr. and Mrs. Slaughter are members of the Christian church at Hickman Mills. He is an elder in the church and has for years taken an active interest in both church and Sabbath-school work. For some time he was the teacher of the Bible class, but now has change of another class. Politically, his vote and influence have ever been cast with the democratic party, and in all local matters he takes a deep and laudable interest. Especially is he interested in having good schools. Frequently he has served as school director of his district. A Christian, a man of high moral integrity, and one interested in the various lines of advancement, he exerts an influence that is felt for good in his community. E. O. SMITH, M. D. Is one of Kansas City's physicians who has gained high standing in the profession. He was born in Franklin county, New York, October 3, 1850, and is a son of Henry O. and Sarah A. (Stowers) Smith, natives of Vermont. Some of his ancestors were in the War of 1812. His maternal grandfather was a fifer and drum major in the second war with England. Most of the representatives of the family have carried on agricultural pursuits. The Doctor's father, when a child of about 2 years, was taken by his parents to New York, where he was reared on a farm and followed that vocation all his life. About 1881 he removed to Michigan, locating at Orelans, where he died July 15, 1885. His wife survived until June 5, 1894. They had 4 sons and 1 daughter, as follows: Maria R., who became the wife of Dean Swift, and died May 14, 1876, at the age of 33 years; Dr. Frederick D., who resides at Coopersville, Michigan; Dr. Sheridan C., who died at Granville, Michigan, February 6, 1875; Dr. Elmore O., of this sketch; and Henry A., who is living in Belding, Michigan, where he follows merchandising. Our subject was reared in New York, and early learned how to “make hay while the sun shines.” He followed the plow on the old homestead until he had attained his majority, spending the winter months in attendance on the district schools of the neighborhood, and pursuing his studies in the Malone Academy, where one more term would have enabled him to graduate. He subsequently engaged in teaching in the country schools for several winters, receiving $20 per month, which at that time was considered excellent wages in the Empire state. Through the influence of his brother, who was residing in Michigan, he concluded to come west, and in 1872 took up his residence in Coopersville, Michigan, where he secured a situation in the public schools at a salary of $40 per month, teaching one winter and one summer in that school. He then joined his brother, who was practicing medicine in Coopersville, in the purchase of a drug store, which they together conducted until 1876. During this time our subject took up the study of medicine, under his brother's direction, and in the centennial year entered the medical department of Michigan University, at Ann Arbor. He lacked one year of graduation when he went to Orleans and began practice, continuing there in the prosecution of his profession until 1880, when he entered Rush Medical College, at Chicago, where he was graduates in the Spring of 1881. Again establishing an office in Orleans, he was numbered among the successful practitioners of that place until the Spring of 1889, when he came to Kansas City. Dr. Smith at that time had no friends in this place and was entirely without influence to aid him in the establishment of a practice; he began business here and has succeeded in building up a liberal patronage. The age has long since passed when people are willing to place themselves in the case of unskilled physicians, and the successful practitioner is now the man whose merit and ability places him above the average and wins him the public confidence and therefore the public support. The Doctor makes a specialty of the treatment of cancerous diseases and has performed some marvelous cures in this line. Dr. Smith is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Woodmen of the World, and in politics is a republican. He was married in 1877, to Miss Hattie J. Sherman, a native of Michigan, and they have 2 children - Olen G. and Pearl A., aged respectively 14 and 12 years. FRANK G. JOHNSON The bar of Kansas City embraces many well known and able members, but few have attained a greater success in a decade of practice than the gentleman whose name introduces this review and who is accounted one of the most capable general legal practitioners in western Missouri. A native of Massachusetts, he was born in West Boylston, Worcester county, on the 18th of December, 1851. His parents, William H. and Alsemena M. (Ballard) Johnson, were also natives of the Bay state. The paternal grandfather, Francis Johnson, was born in Massachusetts, and descended from English ancestry, the founder of the family having emigrated from England and taken up his residence near Boylston in 1640. The grandfather followed farming as a means of livelihood, reared a family of 5 children who reached mature years, and passed away at the age of 93. In personal appearance he was tall, straight and vigorous. In his religious views he was a strict Baptist, but accorded to all others the same right of opinion which he reserved for himself. The father of our subject was also a Massachusetts farmer, and his entire life was spent in the state of his nativity, his death occurring in Boylston, at the age of 74. His wife, a lady of many excellencies of character, passed away many years previously. They were both consistent members of the Baptist church, and Mr. Johnson held various town offices and was prominent in public affairs. In their family were 8 children, 5 sons and 3 daughters, of whom 5 are now living, namely: Frank G., Mary E., Walter F., Maverette E. and William W. Mr. Johnson of this review lived in Boylston until 22 years of age. He acquired a good common-school education there and later attended the Worcester Academy. He was reared as a farm boy, but later learned the boot and shoe trade; yet nature had not destined him for that calling, his abilities well fitting him for professional life. He engaged in teaching school for a time in his native and adjoining towns, and began studying laws in Towanda, Pennsylvania, in the office of Hon. D. C. DeWitt, and after thorough preparation was admitted to the bar in 1883. He engaged in practice there for little more than a year, and then sought a home in the west. In the fall of 1884 Mr. Johnson came to Kansas City, Missouri, and has been since continuously connected with the bar of Jackson county. He served for 2 years as prosecuting attorney for the county, and for a similar period as police judge of Kansas City. He has been retained as counsel on various important cases. He was connected with the prosecution of the bank cases against J. C. Darragh, president of the Kansas City Safe Deposit and Savings Bank, who was brought to trial on account of receiving deposits after knowing that the bank must suspend. E. C. Sattley, the cashier, was convicted after a 5 week trial and sentenced to 4 years in the penitentiary, after which he appealed to the supreme court of the state. The trial of the president lasted for about the same length of time, but the jury failed to agree upon a verdict. Mr. Johnson was married in September, 1876, to Miss Cora M. Moore, daughter of Lorin and Minerva M. (Aldrich) Moore. Two children have been born to them - Herbert F. and Walter L. Mr. Johnson is a member of Union lodge, No. 108, F. & A. M., and is also connected with Sicilian lodge, No. 39, K. of P., of Kansas City. In politics he is a democrat. He was appointed by Governor Stone a member of the Board of Police Commissioners for Kansas City, December 9, 1895. SAMUEL BOOKSTAVER BELL, D. D. Was born in Montgomery, Orange county, New York, and is of Scotch Huguenot lineage, his father, Archibald Bell, having descended from a Scotch ancestor who emigrated to America from Scotland. His mother bore the maiden name of Pamela Millspaugh, and belonged to a family of Huguenot origin that sailed from Holland to America with Hendrick Hudson. Samuel B. Bell is a born student, and from a child took special interest in natural science and in the search after religious truth, being naturally of a religious cast of mind. His early ambitions were for political distinction, and when he applied himself to legal studies it was only as a means to political advancement. He studied in his native town, in Brooklyn and New York city, and was admitted to practice at the bar by the supreme court of New York; but conscientious scruples prevented his engaging in actual law practice, and he voluntarily surrendered the profession which had cost him so much time and labor, and upon which his youth's heart was set. He then turned his attention to teaching, taking charge of educational institutes, both in his native state and in Kentucky. Having always been a close theological student and deeply interested in the religious problems of the time, he at length resolved to become a preacher of the gospel and offered himself to the Presbyterian church as a candidate for the ministry, being licensed to preach by the presbytery of Onondaga, New York, in 1852. He was then ordained as an evangelist, and in November of that year was sent by the American Home Missionary Society as one of their missionaries to the Pacific coast. Mr. Bell sailed from New York in the clipper ship Trade Wind, a magnificient vessel, and after a most eventful voyage of 105 days landed at San Francisco. During the passage of the ship was on fire for 10 hours; at another time a mutiny broke out among the sailors, so serious that the ringleaders were taken to San Francisco in irons; on another occasion a very large sperm whale struck the prow of the ship and set everything aback; and at another time they were struck by a “white squall” off the coast of Buenos Ayres, which tore and tattered the sails and snapped the yards like pipe stems, and the electric phenomena was very striking. The voyage was also enlivened by the weekly issue of the Trade Wind Observer, a manuscript paper, of which Dr. Bell was editor-in-chief. Some of the articles were of superior merit, and found an extensive circulation in eastern journals. Upon his arrival in San Francisco Dr. Bell commenced his work as a missionary on the shores of San Francisco bay, where Oakland now stands. Here, in addition to his regular work as a missionary, he has left his record in various ways. He bought and rang the first bell and ever called people to religious service in that locality. It was an old steamboat bell and was hung on the corner of the fence under a live oak tree, which was frequently his meeting house. He built the first Presbyterian church edifice upon the coast and organized what is now one of the most flourishing churches in the union. He was also one of the founders of, and procured the charter for, the College of California, now the University of California. He represented his district in the senate and house of representatives for 3 years, doing efficient service, and leaving his imprint upon the legislation of those years in the homestead law, board of regents and other important bills. He was also president of the first republican state convention that convened in California. After a residence of nearly 10 years in California, during which time, however, Dr. Bell had visited the east, he prepared to take up is ministerial work in the eastern states, and in 1862 left for New York by the overland route. This was his first trip across the great American desert, and it was upon this occasion that he made the acquaintance of Brigham Young, and formed an opinion of Salt Lake City and Mormonism from personal observation. He was treated with the utmost consideration by President Young, and saw enough to convince him that it was not safe for him even to think while in Salt Lake City or vicinity, and he did not feel secure until he had left Mormonism miles behind. The telegraph lines had just been stretched across the continent, and the first news conveyed to California was the death of General E. D. Baker, Dr. Bell's old colleague in the California state convention. On reaching the east, Dr. Bell tendered his services to General Hooker, then in command of the armies of the Potomac, but was not permitted to go to the front. The same year, 1862, he became pastor of the 50th Street Presbyterian church of New York city, and was an eye witness of the terrible riot which occurred there in the following year upon an attempt to enforce the draft ordered by the United States authorities. While delivering an oration on the 4th of July at Jersey City, in 1863, Dr. Bell received intelligence of the Fall of Vicksburg and of the union victory at Gettysburg. He at first supposed the news to be a hoax and too good to be true, but when convinced of the truth, thrilled with joy and gladness at the success, it is said that he delivered one of the most eloquent, brilliant and patriotic addresses that has ever been listened to since American independence was made possible by the signing of the Declaration of Independence. He has been frequently called upon to deliver historic and patriotic addresses, and pronounced the eulogy upon General E. D. Baker before the California house of representatives. He also delivered the Thanksgiving sermon on the day appointed by President Lincoln before the union of churches in New York City, the services being held at Cooper's Institute; the annual address before the California State Agricultural Society; an address before the State Editorial Association of Ithaca, New York, and numerous addresses before colleges, universities, Masonic orders, political conventions, mass meetings, and military and festival occasions, many of which have been printed and widely circulated. He has been a member of 2 general assemblies of the Presbyterian church of the United States, one at Baltimore and another at Pittsburg. From New York City he was called to the pulpit of the First Presbyterian church of Lyons, Wayne county, New York, and from that place to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church in Hillsdale, Michigan. He then returned to California, having accepted a professorship in Washington College, which he subsequently resigned to become pastor of the First Congregational church in Mansfield, Ohio. From there he removed to Kansas City and accepted the pastorate of the First Presbyterian church. Dr. Bell is a Knight Templar Mason, and has been honored with high positions in the fraternity. He was grand lecturer of the grand lodge of California, and an honorary member for life of Live Oak Lodge, of Oakland, California, and of Templar lodge, of New York City. In politics he was born a democrat, his father having been a lifelong member of that party, but on arriving at man's estate he cast his lot with the whigs, with which he was connected until the organization of the republican party, since which time he has been a zealous member of the latter. Dr. Bell was married in 1845 to Miss Sophia B. Walworth, a descendant of the same family to which Chancellor Walworth, of New York, belongs. They have 5 children living, viz: Mrs. H. B. Martin, Hal, Benjamin P., Edward W. and Harmon. Dr. Bell is a man of the most positive convictions - an absolute believer in the divinity and work of Christ. He has a powerful physical constitution and a most genial, social disposition. His strange experiences and perilous adventures are themes of never failing interest to a listener, and when he opens his budget of personal reminiscences he is most captivating conversationalist. He has crossed the “Great Desert” five times, made the voyage around Cape Horn once, and by way of Panama twice, and is now in California. LEROY DIBBLE, M.D. Who limits his practice to the diseases of the eye, ear and throat, is a representative of the regular medical profession, in which he ranks high. The Doctor is of French descent. His paternal grandfather, Major Cecil Dibble, who came to this country as a French soldier, was stationed at Detroit, Michigan, at the time that city was surrendered to the English. He subsequently settled in the state of New York, after his marriage to the eldest daughter of Captain John Ellis, of the British army. When the colonists made their attempt to secure independence, he joined the patriot army, participating in most of the important campaigns and engagements, and was present at the memorable surrender at Trenton and at Yorktown. The maternal grandfather of the Doctor was John Bitley, who was born of Dutch parentage at Albany, New York. He also served throughout the entire struggle that was succeeded by the establishment of the American republic. He was with Washington during the never-to-be-forgotten winter at Valley Forge, and also participated in the battle of Saratoga. Previous to the Revolutionary war he married the only daughter of Captain Christopher Van Dusen, a retired officer of the Dutch navy, and when his military service was over settled on a farm near Fort Edward, New York. The parents of Dr. Dibble were Grodus and Catherine (Van Dusen) Dibble. The father was born in Watertown, New York, in 1783, learned the trade of a tanner and currier, and opened the first boot and shoe store in Albany, New York. On the breaking out of the war with England in 1812, he joined the army and participated in the battles of Lake Erie and Plattsburg, New York. His death occurred at the age of 77. His wife, who was born January 1, 1800, at Fort Edward, New York, lived to the advanced age of 86. The subject of this sketch was born at Saratoga, New York, December 14, 1843, and when 8 years of age came west to Chicago, Illinois, with his father's family, whence they afterward removed to Ottawa, Illinois. At the beginning of the civil war, although only 17 years of age, he offered his services to the government and became a member of the 7th Illinois cavalry, participating in the principal campaigns and battles of the Armies of the Tennessee and Cumberland. He was also in the Army of the Gulf and was present at the surrender of Port Hudson. He received an honorable discharge at Nashville, Tennessee, in 1865, at the close of the war. The same year the Doctor entered Kalamazoo College, Michigan. He afterward read medicine in the office of Dr. H. G. Field, then entered the medical department of the University of Michigan, and was graduated at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, of New York, in 1871. After his graduation he served a short time as an assistant at quarantine and then accepted a position as surgeon on a “coast liner,” thus visiting the principal Central and South American cities. He finally entered practice at Paw Paw, Michigan, and subsequently removed to Albion, Michigan, where he served as division surgeon of the Michigan Central Railroad. In 1881 he entered the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, and in 1882 went to Europe, studying his specialties in Berlin, Vienna and Zurich, Switzerland. On his return to this country, in 1887, he settled in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1889 the Doctor was united in marriage with Miss Martha H. Cleveland, the eldest daughter of Rev. Edward Cleveland, and a native of Bath, New Hampshire. ALLISON M. WARE Down from the earliest ages, in story and song, have come the tales of warfare, of heroism and of valor. Neither can too much be said in praise of the man who risks his life in the defense of a principle or a cause in which he honestly believes. From the memorable year of 1887 the children have been told again and again the stories of patriotism and bravery of our Revolutionary forefathers. Side by side with these - their equals in all that was true and noble and courageous - stand the heroes of the civil war, who fought to preserve the union that had not then passed the first century of its existence. Among the “brave boys in blue” was numbered Mr. Ware, and had he accomplished nothing else in is life the record would be worthy of perpetuation. He is, however, a valued citizen of Jackson county, an enterprising agriculturist, a faithful worker in the interests of Christianity, and it is with pleasure that we present to our readers a sketch of his career. A native of Ohio, Mr. Ware was born in Frankfort, August 5, 1839, and is a son of Jacob and Eliza (McDonald) Ware. The father was born in Virginia in 1806. The mother is a native of Ohio and a daughter of Thomas McDonald, who served as a spy under General Wayne in the war for independence. He removed to Ohio when it was an almost unbroken wilderness, aided in surveying a considerable portion of the state,and built the first cabin at Chillicothe. He afterward made a settlement in Fayette county, where his wife recently died, at the very advanced age of 97 years. The parents of our subject were married and located in Ross county, Ohio, near Frankfort, where the father followed his trade of cabine-making. They afterward went to Fayette county, where his death occurred in 1860, but Mrs. Ware is still living at the age of 90. Both were members of the Methodist church. They were parents of the following named: John (deceased), Thomas, Mrs. Alice Reid, Ananias, Allison M., William, Mrs. Mary Yocum and J. Edwin. Five sons of the family went to the defense of the old flag and the cause it represented during the war of the Rebellion. William, who was sergeant of the 12th United States regulars, was captured at the Battle of the Wilderness, and for 14 months was incarcerated in Andersonville prison. Mr. Ware, of this review, spent the first 10 years of his life in his native county, and was then reared on the family farm in Fayette county. He attended the district school and continued at home until 22 years of age. Hardly had the smoke from Fort Sumter's guns cleared away, however, before he joined Captain Johnson's company at Washington Court House for 3 months. The regiment was stationed at Camp Chase, near Columbus, Ohio, but was never called to the field. A service of this kind, however, did not content the patriotic Ohioan of this review, and on the 2nd of August, 1862, he enlisted in Company D, 114th Ohio infantry, of which he was made sergeant. The regiment proceeded to Memphis, and wa there attached to the 2nd division of the 13th army corps, under General P. J. Ousterhaus. Mr. Ware participated in the battles of Chickasaw Bluff and Arkansas Post, and then with the regiment encamped through the following winter at Young's Point, near Vicksburg, where he aided in digging the canal. He went through the siege of Vicksburg, was sent to New Orleans, and participated in the battles of Mobile and Fort Blakely. In the meantime the regiment had been consolidated with the 120th Ohio, and was known as the 114th, Mr. Ware being connected with company B, of the new organization, and acting as orderly sergeant. He was then sent to Selma, Alabama, and on to Galveston, Texas, where he was discharged, August 2, 1865. He was never wounded or captured, was never in a hospital, and at his post of duty was always found, a most faithful and loyal defender of the union cause. When the war was over, Mr. Ware returned to Ohio, but in October, 1865, came to Missouri, and located in Prairie township, Jackson county. A short time afterward, however, he removed to a farm 8 miles South of Independence and began its development, for it was then in a wild and unimproved state. He now owns 175 acres of rich land, and all of the improvements upon the place were secured through his efforts. He is now successfully engaged in general farming, and through enterprise and good management has attained prosperity. In 1866 Mr. Ware was united in marriage with Frances J. Clark, a native of Ross county, Ohio, born November 24, 1843. She is a daughter of John and Fannie (Coyner) Clark, pioneers of Ohio. Their family numbered 7 children, namely: Milton; Mary, deceased; Mrs. Ware; William, George, John and Marcus. William served in the civil war with the rank of 1st lieutenant. Mr. and Mrs. Ware have a family of 6 children: Fannie, now the wife of William Smith, of Prairie township, by whom she has 5 children; Minnie; Alice, wife of Clifford Hook, of Prairie township, by whom she has 2 childre; Homer, Grace and Pearl. Mr. and Mrs. Ware are prominent and active members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mr. Ware is now serving as class leader. Both are interested in Sunday school work, and Mr. Ware is serving as assistant superintendent, while his wife is one of the teachers of the school. He takes considerable interest in politics, supporting the republican party, and is a member of the local school board. Socially he is connected with the Grand Army of the Republic. JEROME TWICHELL Treasurer of the Builders & Traders' Exchange, and president and general manager of the Kansas City Metal, Roofing & Corrugating Company, is one of the leading business men of Kansas City. He was born in Louisville, Kentucky, August 13, 1844, and is a son of Sophronius and Julia (Spencer) Twichell, the former a native of New York and the latter of Virginia. The father was a soldier in the Mexican War, serving in the commissary department. During the 30's he removed with his parents to Cincinnati, Ohio, and thence to Louisville, Kentucky. During the early part of his business career he began steamboating on the Kentucky river, and ran one of the first boats on that water, called Blue Wing No. 1. For some years he was in command of that vessel. While thus engaged, in Frankfort, Kentucky, he formed the acquaintance of the lady who afterward became his wife. On abandoning the river, he located in New Orleans and was engaged in the western produce commission business. The mother of our subject died in 1845, and in 1849 Mr. Twichell married Mary L. White, of St. Louis, daughter of Captain Joseph White, who ran one of the first boats up the Missouri river. Mr. Twichell carried on business in New Orleans, under the firm name of T. C. Twichell & Company, until the war broke out, when he removed to a cotton plantation he had purchased in Woodruff county, Arkansas, in 1860. He remained on this plantation until 1868, when he and his son Jerome went to California by way of the Isthmus of Panama to join the former's brother-in-law, who had crossed the plains in 1849, and was operating a gold mine on the Pacific slope. The father had previously accumulated considerable capital, but during the war had lost most of this. In 1869 he was called upon to mourn the death of his second wife, and soon afterward returned to New Orleans, where he lived retired until 1878. In that year he moved to Florida, where his remaining days were passed, his death occurring in 1889, at the age of 76 years. By his first marriage Mr. Twichell had 3 children, 2 of whom are now living, namely: Mrs. Jacob N. Feaster, of Florida and Jerome. There is also one surviving child of the second marriage - Mrs. Aaron Cleveland, who also is living in Florida. The subject of this review spent the greater part of his childhood in the Crescent City, and began his education in its public schools. He went to Arkansas with his father, whom he assisted in carrying on a cotton plantation there until after the breaking out of the civil war, when, in May, 1862, although only 17 years of age, he enlisted in Company E, 8th Arkansas infantry, in which he served as a private until the cessation of hostilities. He was captured at the battle of Peach Tree creek, near Atlanta, but was exchanged on the battleground. Later he was captured at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, and was sent as a prisoner to Camp Douglas, Chicago, where he was held until the close of the war, covering a period of about 1 year. He suffered many of the hardships and trials incident to army life, but was always faithful to the cause under whose banner he fought, and was a brave and fearless soldier. The war having ended Mr. Twichell at once returned to the old plantation, and some time afterward sought a home in his native city, where he secured employment as a salesman in a seed and implement house, remaining there until 1868. In that year he accompanied his father on a trip to California, where he engaged in mining for 6 months, but the work proved to him very unprofitable. He continued his residence in that state, however, until 1871, and aided in building the snow sheds on the Central Pacific railroad. In the early spring of 1870 he shipped aboard a merchant vessel, bound for Hong Kong, China, and remained in that interesting city of the orient for about 6 months, when the vessel was ordered to Manila, on the Phillippine islands. There they took on a cargo of sugar, and by way of the Cape of Good Hope sailed for New York, touching at Anjer Point, Java, and the island of St. Helena. The voyage of the vessel at this time continued for 16 months. On arriving at New York City, Mr. Twichell left the sea and went to New Orleans, where for a short time he clerked in a grocery store. In the Fall of 1871 he returned to Louisville, Kentucky, and traveled for his old firm as a salesman until 1879, the year of his arrival in Kansas City. He has since been a prominent promoter of Jackson county's interests, and has been especially active in commercial circles. He first embarked in the grocery brokerage business, making a specialty of handling dried fruits and honey. Subsequently he consolidated his business with that of the firm of Clements, Cloon & Company, with which he was associated from 1884 until 1886, when he sold out and began his present line of business under the firm name of Jerome Twichell & Company. An incorporation was effected in 1890 under the present style of the Kansas City Metal, Roofing & Corrugating Company, of which our subject is president and general manager. They deal in corrugated iron, steel, brick, wire fencing, metal shingles, conductor pipe, eaves troughs, building paper, fancy ceilings, metal laths and prepared roofing. The business of the concern has now become extensive, owing to the capable management, executive ability and enterprise of the president. In December, 1893, Mr. Twichell was elected treasurer of the Builders & Traders' Exchange, and re-elected in December, 1894. In 1885 was celebrated the marriage of our subject and Miss Cora L. Norman, daughter of Dr. J. W. Norman, of Kansas City. They have 2 children - Jerome and Norman D., aged respectively 4 years and 4 months. In his political associations, Mr. Twichell is a democrat, and religiously is connected with the Episcopal church. Portrayal of character is one of the most difficult tasks which falls to the lot of the historian, but in the life of such a man as Mr. Twichell many characteristics stand forth with startling clearness and his career furnishes many valuable and useful lessons, demonstrating what can be accomplished through the honest pursuit of a persistent purpose. In his success we read of his sound judgment and executive ability; the difficulties that he has overcome show us that he is perservering, while in the high regard in which he is universally held we learn of a straightforward, honorable life. CAPTAIN JAMES A. REED Attorney at law in Kansas City, is one of the younger representatives at the bar of Missouri, and the success that he has already attained should serve as a stimulus to other young men, urging them to put forth every endeavor to attain a position of prominence which comes through close attention to business, combined with energy and a determination to succeed, regardless of the obstacles that may be placed in their way. Captain Reed is a native of the Buckeye state, his birth have occurred in Richland county, on the 9th of November, 1860. His parents, John A. and Nancy (Crawford) Reed, were both natives of Pennsylvania. The Reed family were numbered among the first settlers locating west of the Alleghany mountains. They secured land from the government, casting their lot with the pioneers of western Pennsylvania; but for some reason this property was again taken up, and the Reed family came to Ohio, locating in Richland county. Representatives of the family served in the Revolutionary War, being valiant defenders of the colonial cause. The father of our subject was a merchant and farmer, and carried on business in Ohio until 1864, when he removed to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. There he engaged in merchandising for a time, and purchased a farm on which he made his home until his death, in 1869. He was president of the school board for several years, and was a very prominent and influential citizen, taking an active part in every work that tended to the advancement of the public welfare. His family numbered 6 children, 4 of whom are living, namely: Mrs. W. S. Boyer, of Vancouver, Washington; James A.; Mary M., a teacher in the high school of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; and John A., an attorney at law of that city. Captain Reed, of this notice, spent his boyhood days quietly on a farm, which then bordered the corporation limits of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, but is now included within the boundaries of that city. He acquired his early education in the public schools there, afterward attended its high school, and subsequently entered Coe College, of Cedar Rapids, taking a special course, which prepared him in a measure for the bar. He further continued his law studies in the office of Hubbard, Clark & Dawley, one of the strongest law firms in the state of Iowa, and under their direction he continued his reading and investigation for four years. In 1885 Captain Reed was admitted to the bar, and for 2 years engaged in practice in Cedar Rapids, when he determined to seek a broader field of usefulness, and on the 1st of August, 1887, arrived in Kansas City. He was entirely unknown to its residents, but with commendable foresight, he realized the rapid development and progress which the city would make, and determined to become numbered among its attorneys. He opened an office in the Nelson building, and from the beginning met with prosperity. He afterward formed a partnership with William G. Clark, which continued for about 1 year. He then entered into business relations with Hale H. Cook, but this connection was discontinued after a short time, and he has been mostly alone. He engages in general practice, is thoroughly read in his profession, and has been retained on a number of very important cases, in which he has been almost uniformly successful. He is devoted to his clients' interests, and his character is above reproach, his reputation without a blot. In 1887 Captain Reed was united in marriage with Miss Lura Mansfield, of Cedar Rapids, and their pleasant home is noted for its hospitality. In politics he takes quite a prominent part, supporting the democracy, and as a campaign orator his services are much in demand. He has attained not a little note as a public speaker. Mr. Reed is very prominent in the Knights of Pythias fraternity, in 1894 served as grand chancellor of the state of Missouri, and has held various other positions in the order. He is also a member of the Uniformed Rank, and is captain of Provost division, No. 1, the largest division in the west, and one of the best drilled in the entire country. He is a very enthusiastic Pythian, taking great interest both in the order and in the state militia, in which he holds a captain's commission. His pleasant, genial manner has made him many friends, and he is very popular. OSCAR DAHL The efficient and popular manager of the Kansas City Safe Deposit Company, is widely known in the social and business circles of the city. He is a native of Sweden, born November 10, 1849, the son of Christian F. and Henrietta (Roloff) Dahl, natives of Sweden, who lived, died and are buried in their native land. Both these families were among the most eminently respectable in Sweden and were prominent in the circles in which they moved. Of the 4 children born to Christian Dahl and wife, only Oscar, the youngest son, came to America. He had good advantages in his youth for obtaining and education, the schools for his native land being very thorough and the standard of excellence quite equal to our own. He was of a studious nature, and, the power of concentration being largely developed in him at an early age, it was with considerable ease and dispatch that he learned readily and quickly whatever he applied his mind to. His school days over he became connected with his brother, Axel R., who lived in Stockholm, and was the head of the largest book-publishing concern in Sweden, and with whom he remained for several years, being greatly benefited by the valuable business experience he gleaned in this well conducted establishment. He was 24 years of age when he decided to cast his lot in a foreign land. It was in 1873 that he bade adieu to his friends and relatives and sailed for our shores, which he first touched at New York city. Subsequently he made his way further westward, pulling up at Chicago, where he obtained lucrative employment in the wholesale jewelry house of W. B. Clapp & Company, in whose employ he remained until 1880, establishing himself the reputation of a careful, painstaking and absolutely reliable employee. From Chicago he went to Kansas City, which at that time gave abundant evidence of its future greatness and prosperity. It was a kind fate that directed him here, for he was fortunate in securing a good position in a large grocery house as bookkeeper, which he retained for a year, when, in 1882, he received the appointment of gauger n the United States internal revenue department, being the first Swedish-American to have the honor of holding a government position in the state of Missouri. In this work he remained a year, having creditably and efficiently discharged the exacting duties of the position in a highly satisfactory manner to his superiors in the service. In 1883 he was tendered a position by the Kansas City Safe Deposit Company as bookkeeper, which he accepted and filled for 4 years; and in 1887 he was promoted to the management of the deposit department, where he has since remained. Mr. Dahl has good executive and administrative abilities, and since he has had charge of this department his management has proved highly satisfactory to the company and its numerous patrons. In 1892 he was elected on the republican ticket to a seat in the upper house of the city council, being the only one of his party elected to this legislative branch of the city government in this election. In the fall of 1894 he was the candidate of his party for clerk of criminal court, and was unquestionable elected, but with the remainder of the republicans he was counted out by the opposition. Socially Mr. Dahl is prominent in the numerous circles of society, being connected with numerous orders and societies, among which are the Knights of Pythias, being quartermaster in the first regiment of the Uniform Rank of this order. He was treasurer of the reception committee in 1892, during the conclave, and helped in the distribution of prizes, which aggregated $32,000. He is greatly interested in the Swedish-American people, and is at the head of several of their societies. Their welfare is a personal matter to him, and to their interests he devotes the same care that he does to his own personal affairs. He is held deservedly in high regard by all classes of respectable people, among whom are scores of warm personal friends who delight in doing him honor. Mr. Dahl was married in 1882 to Miss Bergfeldt Ingrid, who bore him 6 children, 3 of whom are now living: H. A., E. E., and Oscar. Mrs. Dahl departed this life January 18, 1895, aged 33 years. COL. GEORGE PEERY GROSS To the successful business man certain traits of character are indispensable. He must be the possessor of industry, enterprise, the power of management and of keen discrimination. But a man may have all these essential characteristics and gain prosperity, while his standing in the community may not be the most enviable. Mr. Gross, however, has won success in these lines, and at the same time there has been a fairness in his dealings that commands the respect and confidence, while his prosperity excites the admiration of all. He is now at the head of an extensive trade, as a manufacturer's agent, handling hardware specialties and selling manufacturers' goods to jobbers, his headquarters being in the American Bank building of Kansas City. Mr. Gross was born in Van Buren, Arkansas, November 21, 1847, and is a son of George Gross, a native of Pennsylvania, who was a real-estate owner and dealer. He descends from a family that has borne a prominent part in the military history of the country. His great-grandfather ws one of the heroes of the Revolution. His grandfather, Jacob S. Gross, of Allegheny, Pennsylvania, was a soldier in the War of 1812, and his father displayed his bravery by is service in the Confederate army. Our subject left school at the age of 14 to join the Confederate army under General Steele, and was employed as a courier in the Indian Territory to carry dispatches to General Stanwatee, a Cherokee, and to General Cooper, commander of the division in that territory. Mr. Gross was thus employed for 7 months, when he went to Arkansas with Missouri troops and took part in the campaign against General Banks in the Red river expedition. He acted as courier for General Parsons, in command of the Missouri troops, and was orderly at the battle of Saline river. He then started to join General Price, but instead joined Brown's ranges, in southern Missouri and northwestern Arkansas, participating in the battle of Fayetteville. He afterward went to Texas, and in the Spring of 1865, joined General Fagen's escort at Louisville, Arkansas. He afterward started for Mexico with Shelby's brigade, but near Austin, Texas, his horse was made lame, and he returned to Little Rock. For 3 years he served in the army, and was bur once injured, receiving a slight flesh wound at Pleasant Hill. When the war was over, Mr. Gross returned to Van Buren, Arkansas, where he engaged in merchandising, with fair success, until 1874, when he came to Kansas City and secured a position as traveling salesman for the firm of Duncan, Wyeth, Hene & Company. He traveled extensively in Nebraska, Kansas, the Indian Territory, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Texas and old Mexico. He worked up a new trade and won a high standing with the company. He continued with the successors of that firm, the Hall & Willis Hardware Company, until 1885, when he entered the employ of the Kansas City Hardware Company, just organized, taking charge of their sales department and putting upon the road many traveling salesmen. His management contributed in no small measure to the success of the new enterprise. After 2 years, however, he began business on his own account as manufacturers' agent, and has built up an extensive trade. To the business he gives his entire attention, and it is now very satisfactory. He is also interested in mines and is president of the Electric Cash Carry & Change Maker Company, capitalized at $500,000. He is also vice-president of the Nopal Mining & Milling Company, owners of a large silver mine in Old Mexico, which, however, is not in operation at the present time. On the 18th of December, 1889, Colonel Gross was united in marriage with Miss Martha V., daughter of Rev. John D. Vincil, of St. Louis, Missouri. She is a lady of culture and acquired her eduction in Columbia and St. Joseph, Missouri. They have a very pleasant home at No. 3200 Windsor avenue. Our subject continues his interest in military affairs through his connection with the 3rd regiment of Missouri national guards. In 1891 he was appointed regimental quartermaster; later resigned and was elected 1st lieutenant in t he artillery service; subsequently was appointed quartermaster and soon was elected lieutenant colonel of the regiment. When Colonel Simonds resigned, in October, 1895, Mr. Gross was elected his successor, and is now in command of the regiment. He is the only ex-Confederate in the regiment. In politics Colonel Gross is a democrat and socially is a Royal Arch Mason. Colonel Gross is a nephew of the late Mrs. Mary Peery, who at one time owned all the property north of 12th street, and who was one among the first settlers of Kansas City. Her husband was a Methodist minister, and preached to the Indians before there was any settlement here. Colonel Gross also has the deed to Hot Springs, Arkansas, which was handed down from his grandfather, Andrew Peery, and dated 1812, and which was purchased from a Spaniard by the name of Moran; and the deed was recorded in Natchez, Misissippi. The Colonel is in a good way some time in the near future to be prepared to press his claims. DR. J. W. BOWMAN Is one of the prominent residents of Kansas City who has gained a high reputation as a leading physician and a man of ability in his profession. His residence here covers a comparatively short period, little more than a decade, yet he has demonstrated his right to be numbered among the proficient representatives of medical science, and the public attests his trustworthiness by a liberal patronage. Dr. Bowman was born near Toronto, Canada, September 5, 1846, and is a son of Samuel and Ann (Marr) Bowman, the former a native of Cheshire county, New Hampshire, while the latter was born in Milton, Pennsylvania, of Scotch-Irish parentage. The father descended from old Puritan stock, and representatives of the family have been prominent in various walks of life. Two of the maternal uncles of the Doctor, Joseph and Phineas Marr, were noted Presbyterian ministers. The father of our subject ran away from home when a young man to learn the tanner's trade, and after serving an apprenticeship in Perry, New York, he crossed the boundary line into Canada at Niagara Falls. Fixing his residence near Toronto, he worked at his trade until he had accumulated a little capital, when he established a tannery of his own, which he operated for a number of years, very successfully. He left home with $.25 in his pocket, but he possessed a resolute courage and determination, and his energy and enterprise brought to him success. He accumulated considerable property, including a farm near Toronto, Canada, on which he made his home until his death in 1866. He served as justice of the peace for many years, and was at one time active in political affairs, but was never an office-seeker. While residing in Canada, Joseph Marr was sent as a Presbyterian missionary to that section of the country, and while thus engaged was visited by his sister, Ann Marr. It was in this manner that Mr. Bowman, father of the Doctor, met the lady whom he made his wife, going to Pennsylvania for that purpose. They had 8 children, four of whom are still living, namely: Samuel A., who resides on the old homestead in Canada; Dr. J. W.; Charles A.; and Mrs. N. A. Hughes, of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Dr. Bowman was reared in Canada, where he acquired his education, and at the University of Toronto was graduated with the class of 1867, completing the medical course. He was but 17 years of age when he began the study of medicine, and had therefore completed the full 4 year course in the year that witnessed his entrance into manhood. Immediately after his graduation he came to the United States, locating in Watsontown, Pennsylvania, where he remained until 1875. During that time he was appointed and served as a local surgeon of the Pennsylvania & Erie Railroad. In 1875 Dr. Bowman returned to Canada and located on the St. Clair river, opposite St. Clair, Michigan, about 60 miles above Detroit, where he engaged in practice until 1884. He served as a member of the local board of health and also associate coroner of the county within that time. In 1884 he came to Kansas City a perfect stranger, but believing it to be an advantageous field of labor, owing to its rapid development, he sold his property in Canada and here established an office, since which time he has been successfully engaged in practice in Jackson county. He now has a good business, which is well merited. Before coming to the city Dr. Bowman was married, in 1883, to Miss Mary A. Van Valzah, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, in whose family there were 25 physicians. She is also a relative of General Montgomery, who fell during the assault on Quebec. By their union have been born 3 daughters - Margaret V., having died in infancy. The others are Henrietta Marr and Catherine Van Valzah. The Doctor and his wife are member of the Presbyterian church and Mrs. Bowman is a member of the Daughters of the Revolution. The Doctor also belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and is connected with the Jackson County Medical Society. He is the professor of the principles and practices of medicine and medical examiner for life insurance in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, of Kansas City, Kansas, and is the medical examiner for the Hartford Life and Annuity Insurance Company, the Fidelity Mutual Life Association of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the United States Life Insurance Company of New York, the Bankers' Life Association of St. Paul, and several others of less importance. In June, 1895, he was elected a member of the city council of Kansas City, and is chairman of the sanitary, hospital and workhouse committees, also a member of the committees on finance, streets, alleys and grades, and of the water committee. DR. JOHN DAY WOOD President of the Bank of Independence, Independence, Missouri, has occupied this position during the past 9 years and is recognized as one of the leading business men and progressive spirits of the place. Dr. Wood was born in LaFayette county, Missouri, February 15, 1843, and is a representative of a family long resident in this country, their history being traced from Missouri back to Tennessee and thence to the “Old Dominion.” John Wood, the Doctor's grandfather, was born in Virginia. At an early period he emigrated to Tennessee, being among the pioneers of that state, and it was there that his son, Isaac H., the Doctor's father was born, reared and married, the lady of his choice being Miss Mary B. Satterfield. In 1838 the family left Sumner county, Tennessee, and moved over into Missouri, making settlement in the southern part of LaFayette county. Here Isaac H. Wood became a leading citizen. Prior to the civil war he served as state senator, representing the district in which LaFayette county was at that time embraced; and he also occupied other public positions. His death occurred October 28, 1877, on the farm where he settled on first coming to the state. His wife, Mrs. Mary B. Wood, survived him until January 26, 1894. They were the parents of 9 children, namely: Lamissa J., John D., Fannie E., Joseph, Madison G., Mary, Clara, James F. and Maggie L. John D., was reared in his native county, and there received the principal part of his education. He attended Chapel Hill College, afterward was a student in the Missouri College, at Lexington, and for more than a year attended the sessions of Central College at Fayette, in Howard county. In 1862 he began the study of medicine under the instructions of Dr. A. B. Hereford, one of the prominent old physicians of LaFayette county, and in the fall of the following year entered the St. Louis Medical College, where he graduated in the spring of 1865. After his graduation he formed a partnership with Dr. Hereford, his former preceptor, and commenced the practice of his profession at Mount Hope, LaFayette county, where he remained one year. His next location was at Pink Hill, in Jackson county. Here he continued until 1877, when he relinquished the practice of medicine and went to Colorado. A year later we find him in Montana, where he spent the next 4 years in buying and shipping cattle to the eastern markets, and after this spent 2 years in Comanche county, Kansas. After these years of sojourn in various portions of the west, he came again to Jackson county, Missouri, and in the fall of 1886 organized the Bank of Independence, of which he has since been president. Dr. Wood was married in 1872 to Miss Jennie F. Wood, who departed this life January 23, 1890. She was a daughter of the late Robert H. Wood, a native of Tennessee, and for some years a resident of Jackson county, Missouri, where he died. He was married the 2nd time in 1892 to Mrs. N. E. Vincent. For 5 years of his residence in Independence, Dr. Wood has figured as a member of the city council, where his influence has been directed in a way that has been beneficial to the city. Indeed, he is a man of more than ordinary business enterprise and push, and as an advocate of public improvements can always be relied upon. For many years he has been a member of the southern Methodist church. LYMAN ADAMS BERGER One of the best known physicians in the State of Missouri, is a western man by birth and interests, and is a typical representative of the progressive spirit of this section. He was born in Lebanon, Illinois, on the 22nd of November, 1853, and is a son of Dr. Adolph and Cecelia (Adams) Berger, the former a native of Worms, Germany and the latter of Kentucky. The father was a graduate of the Heidelberg Medical College and came to this country in 1848 during the uprising of the students of that justly celebrated institution. He located in Lebanon, Illinois, where he immediately entered upon the practice of medicine, and his superior ability won recognition by a liberal patronage. Fame and fortune rewarded him and he was known as one of the most eminent physicians in the section of the state in which he located. He is still living in Lebanon, but is now retired, enjoying the rest which he has truly earned. He was prominent in public and political affairs but cared nothing for office. The family numbered 8 children, 4 of whom died in infancy, while 1 sister died at the age of 30 years. The surviving members are Lyman A.; W. E., cashier of the Jefferson Avenue Bank of St. Louis; and Albert L, an attorney of Kansas City and county auditor of Wyandotte county. Dr. Berger, whose name introduces this review, spent his childhood days under the parental roof in Lebanon, and completed his literary education in McKendree College, at which he was graduated in 1871. He now determined to enter the medical profession, for which nature seemed to have destined him. He early displayed special talent, which was developed by thorough study and close application. He pursued a course in the St. Louis Medical College, and was graduated with the class of 1874. He immediately began practice in Trenton, Illinois, where he continued 2 years, when on account of failing health he sought a home in the west, practicing for about 2 years in Idaho City, Idaho. In February, 1880, he arrived in Kansas City, where he has since engaged in general practice, working his way steadily upward until he is today recognized as one of the most eminent members of the profession in the state. In 1887 he went with his father to Europe and took a special course in obstetrics in Berlin and Vienna. For 10 years he has been the sole medical attendant at the Home for the Aged, and is chief of the staff of the German hospital. He occupied the chair of hygiene and clinical medicine in the University Medical College, and for 8 years has been professor of obstetrics in that institution. He is the obstetrician at All Saints Hospital, and established the first obstetrical dispensary in the University Medical College, this being the first in the United States. He has also been secretary of the faculty of that school for 7 years; in 1890 was secretary of the State Medical Society of Missouri, and in 1891 was first vice-president of the Pan-American Medical Congress, in the section on obstetrics, at Washington, District of Columbia. His reputation partakes nothing of a meteoric character: it is the legitimate outcome of a skill and ability that have resulted from earnest application, thorough study, dep investigation and devotion to his chosen calling. He has been twice married. In 1871 he wedded Miss L. E. Dausman, by whom he had 4 children, 3 yet living, namely: Haidee F., Lillie J., and Grace. The mother died in 1876 and in 1879 Dr. Berger married Ms. E. Eldon, of Syracuse, New York. She is a cultured and educated lady, and is a member of the Episcopal church. The Doctor is a valued member of the Masonic fraternity - a Knight Templar and a Mystic “Shriner”. He also belongs to the Knights of Pythias and several other societies, and is the medical examiner for the endowment rank of the Knights of Pythias, the Knights of Honor, the Modern Woodmen of America, and the National Life Insurance Company of Vermont. In manner he is ever courteous and genial, and has a large circle of friends who have been won both through business and social relations. HON. JAMES M. JONES The present efficient mayor Kansas City, Missouri, is well known in social and professional circles, and a brief review of his life is here submitted. He is a native of New York, his birth occurring March 9, 1861, in Prospect, Oneida county, in that state. He is, therefore, 35 years old, and is yet inside the line that marks the apex of man's intellectual and physical powers. From his youth he had a predilection for the law and an inordinate fondness for books, and with that pertinacity which has marked his actions thus far in his career he persistently held to the purpose of obtaining an education. When 5 years of age, his parents removed to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where his boyhood was passed. His progressive spirit was early manifested by the rapid advancement he made in his studies, passing quickly through the grades of the public schools, and at the early age of 18 years he graduated, with high honors, at the State Normal School at Oshkosh. The confidence the people of Oshkosh had in him at this youthful age is attested by their selection of him to assume the principalship of the city schools. Oshkosh then had 25,000 people, and was the 2nd city of importance in the state. It was, indeed, a recognition of ability rarely extended to one so young, and so well did the young professor discharge the duties of the responsible position that the board was unanimous in continuing him at the head of the schools, which position he ably, justly and efficiently filled for 4 consecutive years; and to this day the people of Oshkosh speak in terms of highest praise of the ability he displayed in the government and management of its educational interests. But young Jones had aspirations. The law had been the dream of his early life, and to that end, while attending schools and teaching, his leisure hours had been devoted to solving the problems of Blackstone. He had now sufficient funds to defray the expense of obtaining a legal education, and the time seemed propitious for the start; so he resigned his position, much to the public's regret. Immediately thereafter he entered the Columbian Law College of New York city, where he took the full course, and was graduated well up at the head of a large class. Returning to Oshkosh he was admitted to the bar in 1885, having passed a most creditable examination. Deciding that Kansas City was the coming city of the great southwest, and that a brilliant future awaited it, he determined to cast his lot here, and forthwith he came. He was at once admitted to the bar here, opened an office and soon had a lucrative practice. In 1886 he entered into a law co-partnership with his elder brother, George L. Jones, under the firm name of Jones & Jones, which is still in existence. In the spring of 1894 the municipal affairs of the city were in a deplorable condition, and the better class of citizens, irrespective of party, decided that a “house cleaning” was necessary, and that efficient men should be elected to fill the various officers of the city. To that end a committee of 70 prominent citizens was organized, of all parties, by whom Mr. Jones was unanimously endorsed for the office of police judge, and the endorsement of the committee was quickly followed by his nomination for that place at the republican primaries. At the polls he won a signal victory, receiving the largest vote of all the candidates in the field, his popularity again being attested by no uncertain sound; and his conduct during his 2 year term upon the bench received the words of warmest commendation and praise from both press and people. In the discharge of duty he is courageous, personal fear being unknown to him, and in an incredibly short time he succeeded, while upon the bench, in breaking up the tough gangs which infested the city, and exterminated the “crap” and “policy” games, which like barnacles seemed to have a life grip upon the city. His enviable record as police judge caused him to become the favorable cynosure of all eyes, the pride of his party, and the logical republican candidate for mayor of the city in the spring of 1896. His great popularity and the confidence reposed in him was pointedly attested by the fact that with one acclaim he was accorded the mayoralty nomination at the hands of the republican party without any opposition whatever, and after a most heated and exciting campaign, developing intense public interest, the Judge was elected mayor on April 7, 1896, for a term of 2 years, by a large plurality over Henry C. Kumpf, his democratic opponent. Although now only in the full morning of his administration as mayor, he has already developed that restless energy, fearless courage of conviction and sound judgment so pre-eminent in his personal qualifications, and which presage for him a brilliant career as chief executive of this giant city of the southwest. Careful study has developed a well-trained mind, a perfectly balanced judgment, fearless courage and an obstinate regard for right and justice. A natural student, fond of reading and study, inclined to literary pursuits, an easy writer and speaker, strong in his friendships, he has gathered about him choice books and a legion of faithful friends who delight in doing him honor. Alive to the wrongs of suffering humanity, he is generous and active in his efforts to improve the conditions of the wronged and afflicted. Honest and upright, he despises sham and hypocrisy, and none are quicker than he to discern the “cloven hoof” of villainy. Judge Jones has in his political affiliations been a lifelong republican, always taking a keen interest in decent politics, but prior to his election as police judge he never sought or held office. He is a genial gentleman to meet, of pleasing address, always companionable and entertaining, a sound lawyer and an able parliamentarian. That honors still greater await the Judge at the hands of his friends and party can safely be predicted. He was married in 1888 to Miss Ada T. Towson, a native of Georgia. They have one son, Wayne Towson. The Judge is a member of the Masonic fraternity, Knights of Pythias of the Masonic Woodmen of America. He is a Unitarian in religious sentiment and a member of that church. WALTER BALES Deceased, was one of Kansas City's most honored pioneers. Long before the Indians had left this locality for reservations further west, when land was wild, the prairies unbroken, he settled within what is now the corporate limits of the city and became identified with its upbuilding and interests. For more than half a century he was an important factor in educational, business and political circles, and no man in all the community was held in higher regard or had the confidence of the people to a greater degree than Walter Bales. He was born in east Tennessee, February 10, 1803, and was a son of John Bales, who lived and died in that state. There our subject grew to manhood, and made it his place of abode until about 28 years of age, when he started westward, reaching his destination after some weeks of travel in a wagon. He drove a 4-horse team, of which he was very fond, and throughout his entire life he manifested a great love for good horses. While on the way they camped at night, traveling from early dawn till dark. They brought with them all their household effect and stock. Mr. Bales first located in the east bottoms, where he lived one winter. There he formed the acquaintance of Sarah Johnson, and their friendship ripening into love, the young couple were married on the 3rd of June, 1832. The lany had come with her father to Jackson county in October, 1825, and was therefore one of the very first settlers of all this region. After his marriage, Mr. Bales removed with his bride to where is now the junction of 14th street and Bernard Avenue. At this time all the country was very wild, the plains were unbroken by the plow, and the Indians had a trading post on what is now the very heart of the city. The land, however, was cultivated and yielded rich returns for the care and labor bestowed upon it. Mr. Bales purchased property of his father-in-law, paying $1.25 per acre for his claim, and 10 acres of the original tract is yet in possession of his family. For many years he carried on agricultural pursuits, transforming the wild prairies into rich and fertile fields, and his well-directed efforts brought to him a comfortable competence. As the population of Kanas City greatly increased, land values in consequence rose rapidly and his property commanded high prices. In the development and upbuilding of the city Mr. Bales took a very prominent and active part. To no man in Kansas City are the schools more greatly indebted than to Mr. Bales. He became deeply interested in educational matters as the town grew and was trustee and district clerk for about 25 years, doing most of the business of the schools and promoting their interests in all possible ways. He also served as magistrate for more than 20 years, meting out justice to all alike without fear or favor. He was the soul of honor and integrity in business and public life and his name was above reproach. He took an active interest in political affairs, was an extensive reader and was thoroughly well informed on all the questions and interests of the day. He was a warm admirer of Henry Clay, and in the early days supported the whig party, but at the time of the war transferred his allegiance to the democracy. He also served as county judge for about 7 years, discharging his duties with a promptness and fidelity that won for him high commendation. Although Mr. Bales was called into public life to a great extent his interests clustered around his home, and he would never accept an office that would force him to be away from home for any considerable period. His domestic ties were the strongest that he acknowledged, and it seemed that he could not do too much to promote the welfare and enhance the happiness of his family. He left to them not only a fortune obtained through honorable business methods, but also the priceless heritage of a good name. Before his death he divided all his money and property equally among his 6 children. He passed away July 8, 1887, respected alike by young and old, rich and poor. There is in the laborious struggle for an honorable competence and solid career of the business or professional man, fighting the every-day battle of life, but little to attract the idle reader in search of a sensational chapter; but for a mind thoroughly awake to the reality and meaning of human existence there are noble and immortal lessons in the life of the man who, without other means than a clear head, a strong arm and a true heart, conquers adversity, and toiling on through the work-a-day years of a long career finds that he has won not only wealth but also something far greater and higher - the deserved respect and esteem of those with whom his years of active life placed him in contact. Such a man was Mr. Bales. His wife also won the love and confidence of those whom she met, and was to her husband a faithful companion and helpmeet. She possessed a remarkable memory, and at the time Mr. Bales was school trustee she could remember every child's name and his age after being told once. She died May 12, 1893. In the family were the following children: John, of Belton, Missouri; William, of Kansas City; Samuel H.; Walter, also of Belton, Missouri; Mary E. and James E., both of this city. This is one of the best known families of Kansas City, and their name is inseparable connected with its history. All have taken a deep interest in the upbuilding of the community, in the promotion of every enterprise calculated to prove of public benefit, and at the time of the war people who became frightened felt safe it they could get refuge in the house of Walter Bales; and his home was open to all. DR. WILLIAM WHITTAKER Is a well known and eminent regular physician who has successfully practiced in Kansas City since 1885. He is a native of Ireland, born at Ballina, on the west coast of the island, March 3, 1841, and is a son of Dr. William and Frances (Crofton) Whittaker, natives of the Emerald Isle. To them were born 6 children, 3 of whom are now living: John Henderson, the distinguished surgeon general of the English army at the Royal Hibernian Military School, Phoenix Park, Dublin; Dr. William, our subject; and Frances, wife of Rev. John R. Mills, rector, county Limerick, Ireland. The father of our subject was an eminent physician and widely known in the counties Mayo and Sligo. He was a gentleman of superior education and professional skill, and his influence in the circles of his wide acquaintance was great. He died December 12, 1859, at the age of 52 years, and his wife departed this life February 22, 1866. Both were Episcopalians in religious belief, their lives strictly conforming to the requirements of a high standard of Christian living. The paternal grandfather of Dr. Whittaker was John Henderson Whittaker, also a native of Ireland, and a gentleman prominent in affairs. For many years he was inspector general of police. He had a large family, all of whom were eminently respectable and filled important positions. He died at the age of 51 years. The maternal grandfather of our subject was Robert M. Crofton, a native of Ireland who owned large landed estates. He also became prominent in local affairs, and his promising life was cut off by death at the early age of 31 years. Dr. William Whittaker was reared in Ballina, the town of his nativity, where he was thoroughly educated in the higher branches of learning. Subsequently he was matriculated at the Royal College of Surgeons and the King and Queens College of Physicians, graduating at the former in 1863 and at the latter the following year. Immediately thereafter he began practice in county Mayo, where he remained 3 years; then removed to county Wexford, where for 18 years he attended to the demands of a large practice and became notable in the profession. In 1885 he left the associations of his life and the land of his birth and emigrated to American, where so many of his countrymen have found refuge and a home with all the privileges of citizenship. Upon his arrival on our shores he proceeded to Kansas City, where he immediately opened an office and has since practiced, with no small degree of success and satisfaction. On the 26th of March, 1867, he was married to Miss Mary Catherine, daughter of Dr. and Elizabeth (Archer) Darley. Eight children resulted from their union, 4 sons and 4 daughters: William E. N., Robert M. C., Clement A., John H., Frances E., Dora M., Henrietta J. B. and Annette U. C. The eldest son, William E. N., a popular and promising young man, died at the age of 23 years. Robert M. C. married Miss Jennie Tinsley and has 1 child, Geraldine Crofton. The entire family are acceptable members of the Episcopal church, and all are actively interested in its workings and influence, adding not a little by their personal efforts to the effectiveness of their church's influence for good. The Doctor is a member of the A. O. U. W., and at political elections he votes independently. GEORGE W. BRIANT Whose varied experiences on the western frontier and whose connection with the upbuilding and development of the southwest well entitle him to representation among its pioneers, is now an esteemed resident of Kansas City, Missouri. He was born in Cooper county, now Pettis county, Missouri, 8 miles distant from the present site of Sedalia, on the 12th of March 1830, and descended from an old pioneer family. His father, William Briant, was born in Virginia, but was reared in Kentucky, whence he came to Missouri in an early day. There he located on a farm which he made his home until 1844, when he came to Jackson county, settling 7 miles southeast of Independence. His next home was in Cass county, near the city of Belton, where he was killed during a raid of the notorious “Red Legs” from Kansas, at the age of 71 years. Mr. Briant was twice married. In Kentucky he wedded Elizabeth Burnett, and had a family of 3 children. For his 2nd wife, Mr. Briant chose Elizabeth Sloan, of Cooper county, who survived him several years. His family numbered 10 children, 5 of whom are yet living. Three of the sisters of our subject are residents of Kansas City, namely: Kate, wife of Benjamin Berkley; Margaret, widow of John J. Moore; Sarah B., wife of John W. Moore, ex-mayor of Kansas City; and Carrie is the wife of Frank Ferrill, of Buffalo Gap, Texas. The gentleman whose name introduces this sketch was reared amid the wild scenes of frontier life, and accompanied his parents on their various removals until he had attained his majority. The arduous labor of developing a farm in a new locality is familiar to him, and he has undergone many of the experiences of life in the west, such as have furnished material for many works of fiction. Long journeys across the plains seldom traversed by white men, where Indian attacks might be expected at almost any time, were a part of the experiences of his early manhood. To his father he gave the benefit of his services until a year after the removal of the family to Cass county, Missouri, when at the age of 21 he began freighting in the employ of F. Y. Ewing, an old freighter who took goods across the plains to Santa Fe, New Mexico. During the first year Mr. Briant made 2 trips. The following year he fitted out 5 terms and wagons, and in company with several owned by James B. Yeager, he again journeyed to the southwest and was manager of the entire train. For 17 years thereafter he engaged in freighting and though it was an arduous business it was also a profitable one. He frequently had as many as 50 wagons engaged in freight, and 6 yoke of cattle attached to each wagon. During this time he made 66 trips over the Santa Fe Trail and was very successful in the undertaking. A train numbered from 25 to 60 men, and they were often called upon to repulse Indian attacks; for the red men, bent on plunder and often more serious mischief, frequently made raids on the freighters. He was a sub-contractor and general agent for the overland freighting firm of Russell, Major & Waddell, which made a contract with the government to engage in this business, and handled government supplies. Mr. Briant made trips to Santa Fe and Fort Union, and during this time was a resident of Kansas City. He received ten cents per pound to haul freight, whereas it can now be conveyed over the railroad that distance for a half cent per pound. He continued the business until railroads were constructed, when of course it was no longer profitable. On his retirement from that vocation, Mr. Briant turned his attention to banking, and as a member of the firm of J. Q. Watkins & Co. he opened a state bank in Kansas City, with which he was connected for 10 years. It was the 2nd banking institution in the city, and was located at the corner of 2nd and Main streets. It followed a safe and conservative policy, and the straightforward business methods commended it to the confidence of all. During the financial panic of 1873 they lost money, although they paid their depositors dollar for dollar, and in consequence the business was closed. There were two banks in all Kansas City that stood the severe test of the times and were enabled to continue business, and that with which Mr. Briant was connected had an honorable record, against which naught could be said. The next business venture of our subject was as a stock trader and feeder. He has a farm in Linn county, Missouri, near Brookfield, where he feeds large numbers of cattle, and this enterprise has proved to him a profitable one. He is also engaged in real-estate dealing and has made some judicious investments in realty, which have proved to him good paying securities. On the 8th of October, 1858, Mr. Briant was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Lobb, a daughter of Zachariah Lobb, of Jackson county. They have no children of their own, but have reared an adopted daughter, Louise Watkins, now the wife of Harry Sefrick, of Kansas City. They also gave a home to Lulu Watkins, wife of Henry Jones, of Kansas City, and they now reside in the home of Mr. Briant. Our subject was reared as a member of the whig party, but is now a supporter of the principles of democracy. He has been a lifelong member of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, and is now identified with the congregation at Westport, and is serving as elder. He owes his success in life entirely to his own unaided efforts. Hi started out in life with no capital, has surmounted many obstacles and overcome many difficulties, but steadily he has worked his way upward, and has built for himself a competency and a good credit that places him among the substantial residents of Kansas City, while his life is but another example of what can be accomplished in this grand country of ours. WILLIAM HUDSPETH Of the pioneer families that have long been connected with Jackson county none are more deserving of mention in this volume than the one of which our subject is a member. His father, Thomas Hudspeth, was a native of Kentucky, born February 17, 1805, and came to Jackson county in 1828, locating in Fort Osage township, where he engaged in farming until 1849. Attracted by the discovery of gold in California, he then crossed the plains to the Pacific slope for the purpose of mining, but died November 16, of the same year. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Cynthia Hambright, was a native of Simpson county, Kentucky. They were married March 29, 1829. She died in Fort Osage township, January 29, 1883. They had a family of 6 children, 2 sons and 4 daughters, of whom our subject was the 4th in order of birth. William Hudspeth was born on the old family homestead in Fort Osage township, July 6, 1844, and in that locality was reared to manhood, making his home with his mother until his marriage, which was celebrated on the 20th of December, 1870, the lady of his choice being Miss Mattie Rogers, a native of Blue township, Jackson county, born August 31, 1850. She is a daughter of Winslow and Nancy (Webb) Rogers, honored early settler of Blue township, where they are yet living, the former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Tennessee. Their family numbered 8 children, 4 sons and 4 daughters, of whom Mrs. Hudspeth is the 5th. To our subject and his wife have now been born 4 children, 3 of whom are now living, Thomas W., Clifton and Hency C. The other child died in infancy. Mrs. Hudspeth is a member of the Christian church. In March, 1871, Mr. Hudspeth located upon his present farm and has since devoted his attention to the cultivation of land and to the rising of stock. He now owns 261 acres of highly cultivated land, and the well-tilled fields yield to him a golden tribute in return for his care and labor. He is also one of the directors in the Bank of Buckner. During the war he was engaged in freighting to Colorado and New Mexico, mostly hauling provisions for the soldiers. After his return he went to Leavenworth, Kansas, in January, 1865. He walked to Missouri City, carrying his clothes in a flour sack, and proceeded on to Ray county, Missouri, near Richmond, where his mother was then living. In March, 1865, she returned with her family to Jackson county, and again took up her abode in Fort Osage township. In politics, Mr. Hudspeth is a sturdy democrat, and socially is connected with Buckner lodge, No. 501, F. & A. M. Straightforward and honorable in all his business dealings, he has carefully and systematically conducted his affairs, and today is the owner of a valuable and desirable property. GEORGE CLARK MOSHER, M.D. Fame bestows her favors charily. Like the wreaths of the Old Olympic games, they are given only to the victor as the reward of superiority. That the name of Dr. Mosher stands high upon the roll of eminent physicians is a compliment justly deserved, won through earnest application, deep research and laudable ambition. He is now widely known as a representative of the medical profession, and though a young man is the acknowledged equal of many whose heads are whitened by the experiences of life. The Doctor was born in Mt. Blanchard, Ohio, August 8, 1858, and is a son of George S. and Charlotte (Fitch) Mosher, the former a native of New York, and the latter of Ohio. The Mosher family came from England to this country in 1622 and settled in Providence Plantation (Rhode Island). The family furnished a number of representatives to the medical profession, who became eminent in their calling, including Dr. Jacob S. Mosher, of the Albany Medical College, one of the most prominent physicians and surgeons of the east. The grandfather of our subject, Philip C. Mosher, was one of the builders of the Ohio & Erie canal, also the Cleveland canal. In an early day he emigrated to Ohio, and died near Toledo, that state. He was one of the most expert and capable contractors of the country, and at the time of his death was engaged in building the Miami canal. George S. Mosher, the Doctor's father, completed his education by his graduation at Shurtleff College, at Alton, Illinois. Subsequently he turned his attention to merchandising and carried on a very large and lucrative business at Mt. Blanchard, Ohio, for a number of years. He also served as auditor of Hancock county, that state, for 2 terms and was very active in public affairs. He is now living a retired life, and makes his home in Kansas City. His family numbered 6 children, 4 of whom are now living, namely: Dr. George C., Mrs. A. M. Finney, Ellen and Donald F. Dr. Mosher acquired his early education in the public and high schools of his native town, graduating on the completion of the regular course, and then entered the Ohio State University, where he remained until 1880. Having determined to enter the medical profession, he then began preparation for his chosen calling as a student for the Kentucky School of Medicine in Louisville, at which he was graduated in 1882. For 2 years he practiced in Findlay, Ohio, and for 2 years occupied the position of assistant surgeon of the second Ohio regiment, and while acting in that capacity took part in the Cincinnati courthouse riot. Wishing to enter upon a broader field of labor, Dr. Mosher sought a home in Kansas City in 1884, and has since been numbered among its most successful physicians. That he was well fitted for the profession is indicated by the fact that on his graduation at college he won the faculty prize, a gold medal, a case of surgical instruments and a set of books on clinical medicine. Opening an office in Kansas City, it was not long before he had secured a liberal patronage, and had won a place among the foremost members of the fraternity. He is ever watchful for chances of improvement and advancement, and is thoroughly versed in his profession, keeping abrest with the times in every particular. He has served as medical examiner for several prominent life insurance companies. He was appointed adjunct professor of obstetrics in the Kansas City Medical College, and on the death of Dr. F. M. Johnson was made professor of obstetrics in that institution, which chair he is now filling. In 1890, in order to attain further perfection, he went to Europe, where he spent one year in study and investigation in the hospitals of Paris, London, Munich, Berlin and Edinburg. Upon his return Dr. Mosher once more resumed general practice in Kansas City, and has met with most gratifying success. He is both a student and a lover of his profession, and entirely by his own efforts has worked his way upward. He was appointed on the staff of St. Margaret's hospital in 1892, but resigned in 1895, on account of his large practice. He visits the city hospital of Kansas City, giving clinical lectures on obstetrics. He is a member of the Jackson County Medical Society, the Western Association of Obstetricians, the Kansas City Academy of Medicine, the Missouri State Medical Association, and the American Medical Association, and was a delegate to the International Medical Congress, which convened in Berlin in 1890. For 3 years the Doctor has been a director of the Mercantile & Loan Association. On coming to Kansas City he served as tornado reporter for the weather bureau, before the establishment of a signal service bureau here. In politics he is a democrat, but the pressing demands of his profession have prevented him from ever taking a prominent part in public affairs. Fraternally, he is connected with the Masonic lodge and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He now owns a beautiful home on East 9th street, which is presided over by his gracious and estimable wife, who in her maidenhood was Miss Ida Beagle, a native of Michigan. Their marriage was celebrated in 1883, and has been blessed with 3 children, a son and 2 daughters, Ruth, George F., and Gladys. The parents are members of the First Congregational church. DR. JAMES HEATH, M. D. Is a popular and well known scientist and physician of Kansas City, who was born in Janesville, Wisconsin, July 13, 1839. He is a son of Dr. James Heath, a graduate of Vermont Medical College, who became prominent in the profession, having practiced in Janesville for a number of years. Later he went to California, where he acquired a notable reputation as a physician, having been considered one of the ablest in the state. His death occurred in California. Of his 3 children, 2 are living: Ivon D., who was a hospital steward during the entire period of the war and now a resident of New York City; and E. R. Our subject was reared in his native town till his 9th year, when, in 1848, accompanying his father, the long overland journey to the Pacific coast was undertaken, arriving in Sacramento City in October, 1849. This was a memorable year to California and early Californians, there being nothing in our history before or since to compare with the situation and condition that confronted the “49ers” on that coast. Although only a lad, 10 years of age, he became imbued with the spirit of the people to obtain riches, and at once began peddling candy, which proved quite a lucrative business. For 5 years he remained amid the exciting scenes of this new land of gold. In 1854 he returned to the states, making the return journey by way of the Nicaragua route, having had an experience that falls to the lives of but few men and still fewer boys. Locating in Beloit, Wisconsin, he started to school. His education had of necessity been neglected, and he made strong efforts to make up for loss incurred by lack of opportunity. In this he succeeded admirably, having graduated at Beloit College in 1861. He now took up the study of medicine, entering the New York Homeopathic College, and graduated in 1863. Locating in Palmyra, New York, he successfully practiced till 1867, when he went to Dayton, Ohio, remaining a year. In 1868 he came to Kansas City, and the year following he went to South America as secretary of the legation to Chili, which position he filled for two years. He then went to Peru to become surgeon in chief for the Pacasmayo Railroad, then under construction by Henry Meiggs. Here he remained until 1878, acquiring prominence in his profession. Having in view an exploring expedition to the river Beni, he returned for the purpose of procuring a proper outfit for the undertaking. His return to South America was by way of the river Amazon. He was prevailed upon to accept the position of chief surgeon at San Antonio, Brazil, for the Madeira & Marmore Railroad under construction by Collins Brothers, remaining 6 months. His next venture was into Bolivia, where he resided 2 years, and during this time successfully made the descent of the river Beni, thoroughly exploring and mapping it, then ascending the same river as far as La Paz, and returned to the coast by way of Puno and Molendo. In 1881 he returned to the States by way of Panama and located in Kansas City, Kansas. In 1883 he enjoyed the distinction of being made a Fellow of the Royal Geographical and a member of the American Geographical Societies. In 1892 he was elected to the chair of chemistry in Kansas City Homeopathic College, and for a number of years he was connected with the United States signal service. Dr. Heath makes a specialty of kidney diseases and microscopy, and in these special lines of practice he is an acknowledged authority, being widely known throughout the southwest as a successful practitioner in his specialties. The winter of 1893-4 he spent in the coffee fields of Guatemala as administrator of an extensive plantation. Throughout North and South America he is widely known as a scientist and traveler, and in 1894 he was honored by the Bolivian government in having his name given to one of the principal rivers of that country, and has been appointed Bolivian consul, with residence in Kansas City, Missouri. His life has been a busy one, combining an amount of travel and research that becomes the privilege of few; and fewer still would care to have undertaken the journeys of his life, which began in youth, or those of later years in a country so inaccessible and fraught with so many dangers and deprivations of comfort. He is a thorough student in all branches of knowledge, and, possessing a remarkably retentive memory and good conversational abilities, he is a most pleasing and instructive companion. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and politically his affiliations are with the republican party. ALSON ALEXANDER WHITE There is no such word as “luck” in the lexicon of business men, for experience has taught them most convincingly that success is the result of persistent application, of intelligent methods that demand time for their development, and that the necessary qualifications are ambition, indefatigable energy, steadfastness of purpose and integrity. That Mr. White is today numbered among the most prominent representatives of commercial circles in Kansas City is due to his exercise of these qualities. A native of Iowa, he was born in Allamakee county, on the 1st of July, 1852, and is a son of Cutler J. White, who emigrated from Vermont in 1849 to try his fortune in the west. He was reared amid the Green mountains of his native state, and obtained a thorough English education in Hamilton College, New York, after which he taught school in Newbern, North Carolina, for a time. While there he met and married Miss Anna Chestnut, a native of that state and a descendant of the Austins who founded the city of Austin, Texas. The paternal ancestors of our subject were distinguished for services in the Revolutionary war, and from early colonial days the family has been identified with the east. Cutler J. White was one of its first representatives in the west. He went to Iowa, pre-empted 640 acres of land near Waukon, and became one of the prominent and influential citizens of that community. He was elected the first clerk of the district court of Allamakee county, and served for 8 years in a most satisfactory manner. His popularity was demonstrated by the fact that although the county was republican and he a Douglas democrat, he was elected and re-elected to that position. Subsequently he engaged in mercantile business, which he successfully carried on until his death. He passed away in 1878, and his wife, who survived him several years, died in 1887. They had three children, who are yet living: Alson A., of this review; Mrs. Sarah E. Otis, of Lansing, Iowa; and Mary, wife of George Chaplin, of Rutland, Vermont. In the county of his nativity Mr. White spent the days of his childhood and youth. His birthplace was an old log house which stood on his father's farm. Thus amid humble surroundings and the scenes of frontier life his boyhood was passed. When he was a child of 4 years his parents removed to the village, where he had the privilege of attending the public schools until 16 years of age, when he laid aside his textbooks to enter upon life's battle. He has since been entirely dependent upon his own resources, and therefore deserves great credit for his success. He was first employed in a grocery, where he remained until 19 years of age, when he left Iowa and went to Hannibal, Missouri. For 3 months he worked in a grocery store, and then secured a position with John Ure & Company, wholesale lumber dealers, serving in the capacity of bookkeeper and shipping clerk. This was in 1871, and was his introduction to the lumber trade. Three years later the firm of John Ure & Company and that of Rowe & Toll was consolidated and formed a stock company under the state laws of Wisconsin, known as the Badger State Lumber Company. Their mills are located in Wisconsin, and the lumber was rafted down the Mississippi river and piled at Hannibal. The business steadily increased until it had assumed extensive proportions. Mr. White was given the responsible position of general bookkeeper and remained with that company until 1886, when a new company was formed under the laws of Missouri, known as the Badger Lumber Company. The headquarters of the new firm were established in Kansas City. The company now owns and operates a retail lumberyard in various places in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, the Indian Territory and Oklahoma. On its formation, Mr. White was made treasurer and has since filled the position, owning considerable stock in the concern. He has also for 3 years been vice-president of the Builders & Traders' Exchange. In 1878 was celebrated the marriage of A. A. White and Miss Sarah Ann Robertson, a native of Ralls county, Missouri. Seven children have been born of this union, namely: Lucile Ure, Alson Alexander, Jr., James Edward, Mary Tralucia, Paul Palmore, Charles Joseph and French Robertson. Mr. White has established a home in Independence, Missouri, where he spends all of his leisure time. He and his family are members of the Trinity Episcopal church of that place, and are very prominent in social circles, their own home being noted for its hospitality. Mr. White is prominent in Masonic circles and has passed through all the degrees, up to and including the 32nd. He is also a Knight Templar, being a member of Palestine Commandery, No. 17, at Independence, Missouri, and a member of Western Missouri Consistory, No. 2. He is a member and one of the Supreme Nine of Hoo Hoo, an order largely composed of lumbermen. In the order of the Knights of Honor he also holds membership, and also is one of the Heptasophs of Independence, Missouri, being Archon in the latter. In politics he is a democrat, but is by no means a partisan. He has climbed the ladder of success step by step until he has reached a position of prominence. With very meager advantages in his youth he has from the age of 16 made his own way in the world and is an illustrious prototype of a self-made man. JOHN H. MARKHAM, M. D. Late of Kansas City, was born in Halifax, England, November 26, 1829, a son of John H. and Susan (Gray) Markham, also natives of the same country. His father was a physician, surgeon and druggist, and died in England when about 48 years of age. His wife survived him until August, 1862, and passed away at the age of 59. Both were strict Wesleyan Methodists, and the father was a local preacher and class-leader in his church. In their family were 11 children, of whom the eldest is the subject of this sketch and the only surviving one. The paternal grandfather, Richard Markham, was born in England and died at the age of 84. He was also a physician and a farmer and was a member of the Episcopal church. The great-grandfather likewise bore the name of Richard Markham, and devoted his energies to the practice of medicine, so that it was but natural that our subject should have a strong inclination toward this calling. The maternal grandfather of our subject, Robert Gray, was a brewer in Boston, Lincolnshire, England, and belonged to the Gloucestershire-Grays. At the age of 42, while engaged in collecting money, he was murdered. His family was a very large one, numbering 16 children. Dr. Markham, of this review, was reared and educated in England, was trained in the faith of the Wesleyan Methodist church, and became a local preacher of that denomination. He also studied medicine at that time under Dr. Gledhill, of Halifax, and pursued his studies at Guy's College, where he graduated in 1858. He practiced first in London, as assistant to Dr. Fawthorp. In 1862 he came to America with the intention of joining the Army, but instead went to Colorado, where he engaged in prospecting until 1874. He then located in St. Louis, where he engaged in the practice of medicine for a year, and in 1875 established an office at Pleasant Hill, Cass county, Missouri, where he remained until 1877, after which time he resided in Kansas City. He was married in 1857 to Miss Maggie Johnson, by whom he had 2 children - John and Samuel, both now in England. The mother was a member of the Christian church, and died in 1861. In 1874 the Doctor wedded Miss Annie McKenna, who died in 1881, and he himself departed this life February 2, 1896, his death being caused by the effect of an accident sustained on the 5th street cable one week previously. J. CARSON BROWNLEE, M. D. It is a fact, despite our American pretensions to the contrary, that every individual possesses a secret, if not avowed, admiration for good blood. Every American must cross the ocean for the origin of his family and it is an added satisfaction if he can claim a near approach to Scotch-Irish ancestors, for the many excellent qualities that have developed by the intermingling of the blood of these 2 races is well known. Dr. J. Carson Brownlee, whose name heads this sketch, traces the establishment of his family tree in America to Archibald Brownlee, who emigrated from Scotland in 1755 and settled in Washington county, Pennsylvania. That county was the birthplace of the three following generations, -- William, Ebenezer and the Doctor. The mother of the last named is Elizabeth (Davidson) Brownlee, who is of Irish descent, and was likewise born and reared in Washington county. Our subject belongs to a family of 5 sons and a daughter, as follows: Robert; George, now of Douglass, Nebraska; J. Carson; Samuel and Jennie, who reside in Washington county, Pennsylvania; and one son, John, who died in 1893, that county. The worthy parents of this family are both now deceased. The father, who was extensively engaged in stock dealing in the county which was the ancestral home of the family, died December 14, 1892, aged 68 years and 3 months. As far back as can be traced the Brownlee family have been Scotch-Presbyterians in religious belief, and the Doctor's father was for many years an elder in that church. He was also prominent in public affairs. On the mother's side our subject was connected with a family of prominence. His grandfather, James Davidson, was related to Colonel Robert Davidson, of Revolutionary fame. He had three sons, all of whom were physicians of western Pennsylvania. Dr. J. Carson Brownlee was born February 9, 1854, and attended the public schools near his home in Washington county, Pennsylvania, after which he took a college preparatory course at West Alexandria and entered Amherst College. Desirous of pursuing a more extended course of study he became a student in Cornell University, and deciding there to adopt the medical profession he took a special course and entered the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, of New York, at which he was graduated in 1880. Throughout the 5 succeeding years he engaged in the practice of his profession at West Alexandria, Pennsylvania, and in 1885 came to Kansas City, where he is still located. His practice includes every line of medical work and in all departments he has been successful. Dr. Brownlee is a member of the Washington Medical Society and belongs to the Phi Delta Theta Society of Cornell University. His office and residence are located at No. 401 W. 5th Street, where he took up his abode at the time of his arrival in this city. On the 29th of April, 1887, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Brownlee and Miss Ida George, daughter of William and Louisa (Meyer) George. Their home is a favorite retreat for a large circle of friends. CHURCHILL J. WHITE In times of financial depression there is nothing that does more to restore public confidence that cause the revival of business activity than a sound financial banking institution than a sound financial banking institution in which the public can place the utmost reliance and which conducts its business affairs in a safe, honorable and above-board way that commands universal respect. For 31 years the subject of this notice has been prominently connected with banking circles in this community. He is a man of known reliability and superior business ability, and his connection with the financial interests of Jackson county have done much to give to commercial interests a stability that has caused the growth and rapid development of the city. Mr. White is a native of Kentucky. He was born June 17, 1825, and when he was but 8 years old his father died. His mother afterward brought her family to Liberty, Missouri, where he was reared to manhood and continued his residence until coming to Kansas City in 1865. While in Liberty he was united in marriage in 1847, with Miss America Adkins, of that place, and they have one child, now deceased. Mr. White began his business career as a salesman in the store of David Roberts, of Liberty, and was employed 2 years in that capacity, when Mr. Roberts, in recognition of his valuable service, admitted him to a partnership in the business. On the retirement of Mr. Roberts, in 1854, Mr. White became the head of the mercantile firm of White & Adkins, and continued in that line of trade until 1863, when he disposed of his business and accepted the position of cashier for the Farmers' Bank, of Liberty; in which position he served until 1865, when he resigned it to accept a similar one in the Kansas City Savings Association, which in 1875 became the Bank of Commerce, on increase of capital stock, and in 1888 became the National Bank of Commerce, of Kansas City. In this responsible capacity he was employed for 30 years. It was due not less to his enviable reputation, his careful management and his intimate knowledge of banking and of the peculiar needs of the business community of Kansas City, than to other causes, that the bank achieved its brilliant success which has rendered it safe at all times and in all crises, and placed it among the strongest banks in the country. In January, 1895, he was elected president of the Citizens' National Bank, and is now at the head of that well known and popular institution. In early life, Mr. White gave his political support to the whig party, but for many years has been an advocate of Democratic principles; never active as a politician, but with an earnest interest in all affairs of public moment, national, state or municipal. During the late war he was a pronounced union man, and such a degree of confidence was reposed in him that he served the United States government in various important capacities, almost constantly during the period from 1861 until 1865, inclusive, with that integrity and attention to duty which has characterized his course through life. In 1861 he was elected second lieutenant of Company A, of the first regiment, Clay county militia, and was soon promoted to be adjutant of the regiment with the rank of captain. He also served as provost marshall and as enrolling officer for Captain Comingo's district. Ever since coming to Kansas City, Mr. White has had unlimited faith in its future, has invested his means freely in its real estate and has in every way fostered and encouraged its advancement. His intimate relations with its leading capitalists and his long connection, financially and otherwise, with its most prominent interests, have closely identified him with its success, and he is regarded as one of the best and most useful citizens. CAPTAIN MAURICE M. LANGHORNE Deputy sheriff of Jackson county, Missouri, is of eastern birth. His early life was filled with extensive travel and frontier experiences throughout various portions of the west, followed by a war record, and that in turn by 30 years as a respected citizen of Independence, and consequently the life history of this gentleman is one worthy of consideration on the pages of this work. Maurice M. Langhorne was born in Buckingham county, Virginia, July 22, 1834, and there spent the first 8 years of his life. Then he was brought by his parents with the rest of the family to Lexington, Missouri, where he attended school 4 years and worked in a printing office two years. Early in 1849 he came from Lexington to Independence. Here he went to school a few months, and May 15 started overland for California, he and his party being 5 months in accomplishing the journey. Landing on Feather river, they mined there two weeks, then proceeded to what was known as “Hangtown”, now Placerville, where they continued mining until the following spring. Next he mined at Georgetown. In the meantime his father joined him in California, and together they went to Carson Valley, Nevada, taking with them a load of flour for the starving emigrants. While in Nevada they traded for a band of cattle and horses, which they drove across the mountains into California, and which they sold in the spring of 1851. After disposing of their stock, they returned to Missouri by way of the Isthmus of Panama. These early travels had interrupted young Langhorne's studies to a great extent, and on his return home he again started to school, and remained in school at Independence until the next spring. In the spring of 1852 his father moved with the family to San Jose, California. That same year Maurice M. returned to Missouri, coming by way of Nicaragua, purchased a number of cattle and drove them across the plains to California. This band of cattle he kept on the ranch near San Jose from 1853 until some time the following year. Again anxious to try his luch in the mines, he went in 1854 to Columbia, California, where he mined one year. The next year he was employed as compositor in a printing office, at the end of the year purchased the plant and had charge of it until 1858, when he returned to San Jose and shortly afterward went to the Fraser river mines in British Columbia, where he mined during the summer and fall, after which he returned to San Jose, and in December of that same year left the Golden State for his old home in Independence, Missouri, this time making the return trip by way of Tehuantepec. Early in 1859 Mr. Langhorne opened a book and stationery business in Independence, which he conducted successfully until after the civil war broke out. Then, like thousands of men all over the country, true to the principles in which he had been reared, he closed his store and joined the Confederate army, entering the ranks as a private. He served as a private until 1863, when he was promoted to the rank of captain, his promotion being in recognition of his true bravery on the field. His company - Company E, second Missouri cavalry - was detailed for escort duty to General Shelby. At the same time, however, it participated in several engagements, among them being Springfield, Prairie Grove, Helena, Newtonia and Westport. On three different occasions Captain Langhorne was wounded. His first wound was by a minie ball in the right leg, this being at Springfield. Later he was again wounded at Springfield, but not seriously like the first time, and his other wound was at Westport. At the close of the war Captain Langhorn went to the city of Mexico, where he worked in a printing office until November, 1865, when he returned to Independence and engaged in the drug business, this occupying his time and attention until January, 1872. That year he sold his drug store and established the Independence Herald, which he conducted for several years, or until he was made deputy county marshal and jailer, in which capacity he officiated for 6 years. In 1886 he was appointed deputy sheriff, the office he has since filled most acceptably. October 13, 1859, Captain Langhorne married Miss Annie M. Wallace, a native of Independence and a daughter of the late Reuben Wallace, of this county. They have 4 children, Mary, John Shelby, Samuel W. and Annie M. Mary is the wife of Mr. William Leitch, of Kansas City, and has 4 children, Mary, William B., Virginia F., and Anna W. The Captain is a member of the Methodist church, south. SAMUEL H. ANDERSON, M. D. A popular physician of the homeopathic school of medicine, descends from families long prominent in the profession, as his father and mother's father were physicians of notable ability. He was born in Highland county, Ohio, July 8, 1850, and is a son of Dr. Samuel B. and Nancy L. (Davis) Anderson, natives of Ohio. His paternal grandfather, whose baptismal name was John, emigrated from York, Pennsylvania, to Ohio in the early settlement of that state, where he died. He participated in the War of 1812. The father of our subject graduated at the Cincinnati Medical College in 1853, and subsequently located in Highland county, Ohio, where he successfully practiced until 1868; then he removed to Lawrence, Kansas, where he still resides, engaged in his profession. He is widely known in professional and social circles. For a number of years he was president of the Kansas Homeopathic Medical Society. Dr. Samuel H. Anderson is the eldest of the 7 children in his father's family. He was reared in his native country, in the public schools of which he obtained the rudiments of an English education. He subsequently entered the Greenfield Seminary, in which he continued his literary course and was graduated. Accompanying his parents to Lawrence, Kansas, he entered the State University, which he attended one year. His inclination to medicine developed in his youth, and his study of the same began when he was 10 years old. After completing his literary education he systematically began the study of material medica under the preceptorship of his father, by whom he was carefully instructed and fitted for medical college, and was graduated in the Homeopathic Medical College of Missouri, at St. Louis, in 1876. Returning to Lawrence, he established himself in practice, remaining there until 1881, when he came to Kansas City, where for 14 years he has continuously occupied the same office. For 2 years he was professor of surgery in the Kansas City Homeopathic College, and of the same institution he is now professor of obstetrics. He is a member of the Missouri State Homeopathic Medical Society, Missouri Valley Society, Kansas City Homeopathic Club, and the Western Academy of Homeopathy, and was identified with the State Medical Board of Kansas for several years. His library of medical works is large, and in his cabinet is to be found all modern appliances and instruments necessary in the most delicate cases. His practice, always large and lucrative, is assuming still greater proportions, which best attests his success and prominence. He was married in 1880 to Miss Julia Hostetter, of Kansas. MELVILLE HULSE Of this gentleman, who occupies the important position of city marshal of Independence, Missouri, it may truly be said that he is “the right man in the right place.” A brief sketch of his life follows: Melville Hulse was born in Jackson county, Missouri, August 15, 1846. His father was the late Samuel D. Hulse, a native of Virginia; and his mother, nee Virginia Dickenson, is a Kentuckian. After their marriage they settled in Jackson county, Missouri, where he was engaged in farming up to the time of his death, and where he died July 9, 1883. His widow is still living. Their family is composed of 4 children, namely: Almedia, wife of A. G. Perry, and Melville, Greenville and Arrista. On his father's farm Melville spent the first 15 years of his life, and then, equipped with a good common school education, he left home to make his own way in the world. Going to Nebraska City, Nebraska, he entered the employ of August and Peter Byram in the freighting business, with whom he remained 5 years, freighting to Salt Lake, Colorado and Mexico. He began as a common teamster and by his faithfulness won promotion to the position of wagon-master, which place he occupied at the time he served his connection with the firm. Soon after this, November 21, 1867, he was married, in Atchison, Kansas, to Miss Alice Warner, a native of Pennsylvania and a niece of the Hon. William H. Warner, of Kansas City. He then returned to Jackson county with his wife and settled on a farm in Sniabar township, where he maintained his residence and gave his attention to agricultural pursuits until 1880. In 1880 Mr. Hulse rented his farm and moved to Oak Grove, where he formed a partnership with John R. McCown for the purpose of buying and shipping grain, and did a prosperous business until November, 1884, when the firm was dissolved. At that time Mr. Hulse accepted a deputyship under W. J. Phillips, marshal of Jackson county, and served as such 2 years, his duties taking him to Kansas City. In April, 1887, he was chosen marshal of Independence, and has held this office continuously ever since. His ability as a shrewd detective and his fearlessness in the discharge of his duty especially adapt him for the position he fills, and such has been his whole course in life that it has won for him the confidence and respect of all. Even the criminal classes who try to evade his clutches cannot fail to admire him for his integrity and his straightforward, manly course. Mr. Hulse has always taken an active interest in all local and political affairs. He is a republican. JOSIAH S. DAVENPORT Is one of the most honored representatives of Jackson county's pioneers, having long been connected with the history and development of this locality. His well-spent life well entitles him to representation in this volume, and his example is one well worthy of emulation. For many years he was identified with the agricultural interests of Jackson county, and his careful management, sound judgment and enterprise have brought to him a handsome property. Dr. Davenport is a son of Stephen and Susanna (Simmons) Davenport, the former a native of Clark county, Kentucky, and the latter of Estill county. Their marriage was celebrated in Clark county, and in 1832 they emigrated to Cooper county, Missouri, where they spent a year. On the 6th of October, 1833, they arrived in Jackson county, locating on Section 26, Westport township. It is almost impossible at this day, when we look upon the cities and towns of Jackson county, its fine farms and palatial homes, that 60 years ago it was a wild and unimproved tract of land, the home of far more Indians than white settlers, and the haunt of many kinds of wild animals and game. Of those who were numbered among the neighbors of the Davenport family of that day, none are left; some have gone to other localities, but the greater number have made the journey to that undiscovered country from whose bourne no traveler returns. Stephen Davenport made a permanent settlement in Westport township. He had made the journey from Kentucky to Missouri in a wagon drawn by a yoke of oxen, and before he had unloaded his household effects a messenger came to him with the news that the Mormons had risen up against the Gentiles. He at once took his old flintlock gun and went to Section 21, Westport township, where the Mormons were located, and helped to subdue them. Several of the number were killed, and the others were driven away. Mr. Davenport immediately erected a log cabin, and the primitive structure was covered with a clapboard roof, had a puncheon floor and many crude articles of furniture. Our subject now has in his possession a bureau which was used in the early home of the family, and which was made in Westport by Henry Sager over 50 years ago, from a cherry tree which grew on the old Davenport farm. He also has an old Indian basket made by Ker-Shin-Ga's family - Kaw Indians - over a half century ago, for which his motgher gave half of a hog jowl. It is still in a good state of preservation. Among his other relics is also an old English china pitcher, which was brought from England more than a century ago by the Spillman family, -- ancestors on his father's side. Stephen Davenport continued the improvement and cultivation of his land until he was the owner of a very valuable and productive farm. Later he sold out and moved to Washington township, where he died in May, 1883, at the age of 82 years. His wife died in 1852, at the age of 48, and he afterward married Mrs. Margaret Nolan, nee Starks, whose death occurred in 1881. By his first marriage he had 7 children, 5 of whom reached years of maturity. These were Josiah S., Amanda, wife of Elijah F. Slaughter, of Washington township, by whom she has 7 children, 6 of whom are now living; James M., who married Martha L. Campbell and had 3 children, and after her death wedded Miss Mary Wide, and by this marriage there was one son; George, who married Susan West and has 6 children, and lives in Johnson county, Missouri; Elizabeth, wife of H. C. Krister, of Brooking township, by whom she had 3 children. The brothers of our subject both served throughout the civil war as a member of Shelby's army, and the elder was slightly wounded. The parents were both active Christian people, the father holding a membership in the Baptist church, the mother in the Christian church. In politics he was an old-line whig and afterward a democrat. A man of earnest convictions, he was unswerving in his fidelity to a cause or principle which he believed to be right, and his honor in business is shown by the little instance of the fact that he believed that it took four pecks of new potatoes to make a bushel, and always dealt them out accordingly. The upright life of both Mr. and Mrs. Davenport command the respect and confidence of all and they had many warm friends. We now take up the personal history of J. S. Davenport, and in all Jackson county there is no one who is more widely or favorable known. He was born July 20, 1829, in Clark county, Kentucky, and was therefore only 4 years old when he arrived in Westport township. He remembers distinctly the important events connected with those early days and can relate many interesting incidents of frontier life here, when the Indians frequently visited at his home, when the only mode of travel was by team, when the land was in its primitive condition and settlements were widely scattered. When only 9 years of age he made a hand in clearing the farm. He had to work very hard, and his chances of securing an education were in consequence very meager. He remained at home assisting in the labors of the farm until 19 years of age, when with the spirit of adventure common to young men, and a hope of gain, he left Hickman's Hills in Washington township, on the 14th of May, 1849, and started with an ox team across the plains for California, driving 2,000 miles. In November he reached Sacramento city, and for 3 years worked in the mines on Feather river. It was a rough, hard experience, when lawlessness and disorder were prevalent; and Mr. Davenport, who has always believed in fair play on every occasion, was one of the 12 men to organize the vigilance committee in California in 1851, the committee which revolutionized affairs in that locality, largely transforming disorder into law and danger into safety. After 3 years upon the Pacific slope, in which he succeeded in acquiring a fair capital, he returned home, making the journey by the water route and New York. In 1854 he went to Texas, purchased cattle on the Rio Grande, and drove them to Jackson county, where he sold. He then purchased an improved farm of 200 acres in Washington township, and turned his attention to the more quiet pursuits of agriculture. Now came a desire to have a home of his own, and on the 4th of May, 1856, Mr. Davenport was united in marriage with Miss Sallie J. Thomas, a daughter of Jesse and Maria (Davenport) Thomas. In 1836 they came to Missouri, locating on a tract of raw land on Section 21, Westport township. There the mother died in 1839. By their marriage they had 4 children: Lucinda, who became the wife of Jesse Davis and had 6 children, 2 of whom are now living. Both she and her husband are now deceased. Lurinda is the widow of Thomas C. Peers, and resides on Troost avenue, Kansas City. Elizabeth became the wife of Bristol Davis, and they had 2 children, but the parents are now deceased. Joel Franklin married Mrs. Eliza (Hayes) Rout, and they died leaving 1 child. Mrs. Davenport is the next younger. Minerva became the wife of Marcellus Collins, and died leaving 3 children. Joseph C., deceased, completed the family. Mr. Thomas was again married, his 2nd union being with Elizabeth Bailey, by whom he had 2 children, but only 1 is now living - Wiliam O., an attorney of Kansas City, who married Lydia Barnes and has 2 children. Two sons of the family served in the civil war. John C. died in the army, and Joel Franklin was a lieutenant in Colonel Hayes' regiment, of Shelby's command, and was slightly wounded. In 1845 Mr. Thomas removed to a tract of wild land on section 28, Westport township, and remained there until he had reared his family. He afterward took up his residence on Section 33 of the same township, and there passed away December 12, 1887. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and one of nature's noble men. In politics he was an old-line whig. Mrs. Davenport was born June 28, 1834, in Kentucky, and during her infancy was brought to Jackson county, where her girlhood days were passed. Our subject and his wife began their domestic life upon a farm in Washington township, but in 1857 sold out and removed to Linn county, Kansas, where he entered from the government a tract of 160 acres, on which he lived for a year. The border troubles then began and he returned to Westport, but on the breaking out of the civil war removed to Texas, settling on a farm in Fannin county, where he made his home until 1863. His home the succeeding 2 years was in Grayson county, Texas, but during that time, being a practical wagon-master, he joined General Steele's command as brigade wagon-master, with the rank of captain, operating in Indian Territory, Arkansas and southern Missouri. He had charge of the wagons at the battles of Fort Gibson and Elk creek, and remained in the service until the close of the war. He then returned to Texas, and soon again came to Jackson county, Missouri, living on a rented farm in Washington township for 2 years. The succeeding 3 years Mr. Davenport passed on another farm in Washington township, and then located on Section 21, Westport township, where he made his home for 12 years. On the expiration of that period he sold out and purchased a farm in Brooking township, which he still owns, comprising 120 acres of valuable land, as fine as can be found in Jackson county. Wishing to retire from active business life, in October, 1890, he removed to his present home, comprising 30 acres on Section 28, Westport township, a part of the Jesse Thomas estate. He has just completed thereon a very fine residence, and now has one of the first homes in this locality. It is tastefully furnished, and now in his declining years Mr. Davenport is able to secure the comforts and luxuries of life as well as its necessaries, while his business career has been crowned with prosperity. He carefully managed his interests, and possessing sound judgment and indefatigable enterprise he worked his way steadily upward to a position of affluence. Both he and his wife are faithful and consistent members of the Christian church, with which they have been identified for 30 years, and its work and upbuilding have taken a very important part. For 10 years he served as one of the elders of the Westport church. Socially, he is a member of the Masonic order, and in politics was for 43 years a democrat, but is now a stalwart advocate of the populist party, and is deeply interested in its success. He attends its conventions, and in 1893 was its candidate for the office of county treasurer of Jackson county. His life has been well spent, and over his record there falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion of evil. He possesses a happy, sunny temperament, and for 40 years he has found his wife to be an able companion and helpmeet, while her many excellencies of character and genuine worth have endeared her to all who have made her acquaintance. GEORGE N. ELLIOTT Assistant prosecuting attorney of Jackson county, is a native of Howard county, Missouri, born January 26, 1851. He is a son of Sampson W. and Amanda H. (Ridgway) Elliott, natives of Missouri. His paternal grandfather, Reuben Elliott, was a Kentuckian and a soldier in the War of 1812, having participated in the battles of New Orleans as a musician. In 1819 he settled in Missouri, when it was yet a territory. He was a farmer by occupation. His death occurred in Boone county, Missouri. His maternal grandfather, Thomas Ridgway, was also a Kentuckian and became a pioneer in Howard county, Missouri, where he lived and died. The father of our subject was also a farmer. In the spring of 1851 he removed to Linn county, Missouri, settling near where Brookfield is now located. Here he entered a tract of land, upon which he lived until his death in 1880. He was a gentleman of prominence, having held numerous positions of public trust. In his early life he was a great hunter, a man of dauntless courage and untiring energy. Mrs. Elliott departed her life in 1876. To this estimable couple were born 6 children, 5 of whom are living: George N.; Mrs. Sallie Murrain, of Brookfield, Missouri; Millard F., of Los Angeles, California; Mrs. Theodosia E. Moore, of Brookfield; and Everett, a well known lawyer of Kansas City. The early educational discipline of our subject was obtained in the country school and a private school in Brookfield, where he was fitted for college. Subsequently, he entered the State University of Missouri, at which he graduated in 1873. After teaching a few terms of school he founded the Brookfield Chronicle, a newspaper he edited with some success for several years, but journalism not being entirely to his taste he sold out. In the meantime he had read law and was admitted to practice by Hon. G. D. Burgess, now judge of the supreme court, having had a predilection for it as a profession. In 1877 he was admitted to the bar and opened an office in Brookfield, where for several years he did a large law and loan business. He was school commissioner of Linn county for 3 consecutive terms, city and township assessor several terms, and was prominently identified with numerous enterprises. While residing in Linn county he received the nomination for representative on the Democratic ticket, which was defeated. In June, 1887, he came to Kansas City and engaged in practice. The following September he entered into a co-partnership for the practice of law with Colonel Michael Boland, which was continued till 1890, when General Hamilton was taken into the firm, the style of which then became Boland, Hamilton & Elliott. Mr. Elliott is also in a law partnership with C. E. Burnham, under the firm name of Elliott & Burnham. He was appointed to his present position in February, 1895. As a lawyer, Mr. Elliott takes high rank in the profession, being considered one of the ablest at the Jackson county bar. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and Knights of Pythias. March 24, 1880, was consummated his marriage to Miss Josephine E. Pollard, of Macon City, Missouri, who has borne him 4 children: Madge L., Charlotte E., Willard F., and Emma J. Mr. Elliott is a deacon of the Olive Street Baptist Church, and superintendent of the Sunday school. M. W. HARNISH Is one of the leading and influential citizens of Jackson county, occupying a prominent position in agricultural and banking circles, in political affairs and public interests. Devoted to the best interests of his native land, few men have studied more closely or thoroughly into the interests and questions of the day, and to the press he has been a valuable contributor, his literary articles being of much merit. It is seldom that one can give a divided allegiance to varied interests in this way and yet become widely and favorably known along all lines; but Mr. Harnish has won success in his various business ventures and has gained a well known prominence through his mastery of the political and economic questions of the day. More than a century and a half ago there came to America from Switzerland three brothers of the name of Harnish. One settled in New York, another in Virginia, and the third in Pennsylvania. The family was represented in the Revolutionary war by valiant members of the colonial army. The grandfather of our subject, David Harnish, was a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and was a grandson of the original American ancestor who located in the Keystone state. The father, Michael G. Harnish, was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1810, and married Elizabeth Warfel, who was born in t he same county in 1816, daughter of Abraham Warfel, also a native of Lancaster county and of Swiss descent. The parents spent their entire lives in that county and the father became one of its prominent farmers. His death occurred in 1885, and his wife passed away in 1890. They were members of the new Mennonite church, and were people of the highest respectability. 8 children of their family still survive, namely: Benjamin, of Nebraska; David, who is living in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania; Annie, deceased wife of Amos Mowry; Martin, deceased; Amos, who is living in Pennsylvania; Elizabeth, wife of Amos Hollinger, of Pennsylvania; M. W.; and Abraham, also of the Keystone state. Our subject was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, June 5, 1843, and was reared there upon a farm. He acquired his education in the State Normal School, also at Iron City College, and when 17 years of age began teaching, which profession he successfully followed for 12 years in Pennsylvania, Illinois and Missouri, being recognized as a most capable educator. In 1868 he started westward to Illinois and for some 8 years was engaged in lecturing throughout the United States on the subject of phrenology and metaphysics. He has always been a close and earnest student carrying his investigations and researches far and wide into the field of knowledge. He is indeed a man of broad culture, scholarly attainments and extended general information. In 1870 Mr. Harnish was united in marriage with Miss Elvina Hollinger, a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and a daughter of John and Annie (Lee) Hollinger, both natives of the same county. The Hollinger family is an old one of the Keystone state, but the grandfather Lee was an Englishman. The father of Mrs. Harnish was born in 1807 and died in 1850, while his wife, who was born in 1810, died in January, 1895. They had a family of 6 children, namely: Cyrus, deceased; Amos, of Pennsylvania; Mary, wife of Abram Frantz, of that state; Harry, of Pennsylvania; Sarah, wife of Eli Kendig, of the Keystone state; and Mrs. Harnish. The parents were members of the German Reformed church. Mrs. Harnish was born December 10, 1849, in Lancaster county, and is a lady of education and culture, having been a student in the State Normal School, of Millersburg, Pennsylvania. In the year of their marriage our subject and his wife came to Missouri and located on the farm which has since been their home. It comprises 160 acres, which was then but partially improved but the entire amount is now under a high state of cultivation. The place is conveniently divided by well-kept fences. There is a substantial home and barns which are excellently well-adapted for the purposes used. There is upon the place a 45-acre orchard, filled with bearing trees, and Mr. Harnish makes a specialty of fruit and dairy farming. He now manufactures about 40 pounds of butter per week all the year around, and the yield from his fruit trees is to him a profitable source of income. In addition to his property in Jackson county Mr. Harnish owns 1,500 acres of land, the other tracts being in Kansas and Arkansas. It will thus be seen that success has crowned his business efforts. He possesses excellent ability as a manager, is energetic and farsighted, and his prosperity is certainly well merited. He is also vice-president of the Bank of Raymore, a director, chairman of its executive financial committee, and is also a director in the Lee's Summit Fair Association. To Mr. and Mrs. Harnish have been born 3 children, namely: Howard E. Leo and Angelo. The children have been provided with good educational privileges and will thus be fitted for life's responsible duties. Mrs. Harnish is a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church and a most estimable lady. Our subject is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. In politics he was a republican until 1873, and afterward supported the democratic party. He joined the Grange, became its lecturer and was made master of the local grange. In 1889 he was made lecturer of the local alliance, subsequently of the county alliance, and in 1890 was made congressional organizer of the 5th Missouri congressional district. In 1891 he organized 90 subordinate unions. He was the congressional organizer and congressional lecturer, and has been very active in the work from the beginning. He is a fluent and forcible speaker, a logical reasoner, and in his addresses is both instructive and entertaining. He believes in political reform and is an advocate of all movements that he thinks will bring purity into politics. For over 20 years Mr. Harnish has served as school director and has twice served as road overseer, and twice been a candidate to the legislature. From the age of 15 years he has been a contributor to the public press, has been a correspondent for various papers, and is a prolific and versatile writer. His subjects mostly, however, are political economy and finance, and his articles show that he has given close and deep study to the subject and knows whereof he speaks. NATHAN LIPSCOMB It is now our privilege to take briefly under review the life history of one who was born and reared in Jackson county, Missouri, and who has for years figured prominently among the leading farmers of this country; who, when the north and south were in the throes of war, went out in the strength of his young manhood and valiantly fought for the cause he believed to be just and right; and whose history in an ancestral way touches the early pioneer days of Kentucky and goes back to South Carolina. Nathan Lipscomb, the grandfather of this gentleman, was born in South Carolina and at an early day emigrated to Kentucky, established his home on the frontier and did well his part in helping to fight the Indiana. In Kentucky he passed the rest of his life and died. It was in Madison county, that state, October 21, 1813, that his son Joel, the father of our subject, was born. Joel Lipscomb remained in Kentucky until 1839, when he came to Missouri and settled on Section 6, Washington township, Jackson county. His wife, whose maiden name was Henrietta S. Harris, was a native of Kentucky and a daughter of John Harris. She had 5 sisters: Mrs. W. R. Bernard, Mrs. Seth E. Ward, Mrs. Col. C. E. Kearney, Mrs. Thomas H. Mastin and Mrs. J. J. Mastin, and 1 brother, John Harris. At the time the Lipscombs settled in this county the Indiana were much more plentiful here than white men. Indeed, the cabins of the latter were few and far apart. Mr. Lipscomb devoted his energies to the work of improving his land, got on peacefully with the Indians, reared his family, and thus passed the years until the great war-cloud gathered and deluged our land. He himself served during a part of the war, as a member of the state troops, and 2 of his sons were in the Confederate army. Like many other residents of this part of Missouri, he suffered greatly from depredations committed by the Jayhawkers, having his house burned and much of his property destroyed. He and his wife were the parents of 10 children, 7 of whom grew to maturity, and 6 of that number are still living. Brief record of them is as follows: William S., 2nd lieutenant of Company A, 6th Missouri infantry, Confederate States of America, and was killed at the siege of Vicksburg, June 25, 1863; Nathan, whose name introduces this article; Louisa S., widow of Dr. John E. Watson, lives in New Santa Fe, and is the mother of 3 children; Frances M., wife of W. Z. Hickman, of LaFayette county, Missouri, has 4 children; John Harris, Kansas City; R. Bernard and James, both unmarried and residing at the old homestead. The mother of this family passed away in March, 1859; the father survived her a number of years, living to a good old age, and dying December 27, 1893. Both were members of the Christian church, he being active in the same. In politics also he took a prominent and active part, first affiliating with the whigs and in later years with the democrats. Nathan Lipscomb, the immediate subject of this article, was born on his father's farm in this county, July 3, 1843, was reared to farm life, and was educated in the schools near his home and at Independence. When the civil war came on he joined Colonel Holloway's command, state troops, and took part in the fight at Independence. After this he returned home and at once went to Texas, taking with him the Negroes and horses belonging to his father, and remained in Texas during that winter. In the Spring he again joined the Confederate ranks, this time at Van Buren, Arkansas, and under Captain McKinney and Colonel Rosser. Among the engagements in which he participated were those of Corinth, Iuka, Port Gibson, and the siege of Vicksburg. Subsequently he was under Captain Robert Adams and Colonel Shanks, and near the close of the war was detailed to smuggle goods from Arkansas. While thus occupied he was shot through the left foot at Jenkins' ferry, when Steele was retreating from Camden, Arkansas, which disabled him for a period of 4 months, and 4 weeks of this time he was inside the enemy's lines and hid himself in the woods. Afterward he took part in no less than dozen fierce skirmishes. He continued in the ranks until the close of the conflict, surrendered at Little Rock, Arkansas, and from there went to Texas, remaining until Christmas, 1865, when he returned home. In the Spring of 1866, Mr. Lipscomb, in company with Mr. Reuben Mastin, went to Texas for cattle, and on his return he set out for Nebraska City, where he was employed as wagon-master for S. E. Ward in a freighting business. In 1868 he came home, and the following year purchased the farm, of 135 acres, in Section 19, Washington township, where he has since lived. At the time of purchase this land was all in its primitive state. To the work of improving and cultivating his farm he has given his close attention, has added to his original holdings, and at this writing has under cultivation 187 acres. Mr. Lipscomb was married April 25, 1877, to Miss Letitia Cantrell, a native of this township and a daughter of D. H. Cantrell. Mr. Cantrell came from Tennessee to Jackson county, Missouri, in the year 1834, and made this his home until 1853, when he crossed the plains to California, and in the Golden State maintained his residence until his death, October 22, 1894. Mrs. Lipscomb's mother was by maiden name Miss Hanna Kerby. She was a native of Tennessee, born in 1823, daughter of Jesse Kerby, who came to Jackson county in 1832, and died here in 1853. She died in 1888. Mr. and Mrs. Cantrell were the parents of 6 children, 4 of whom are living, Mrs. Lipscomb, Mrs. Sarah Spaulding, Mrs. Mary Oppenheim and C. H. Cantrell, all residents of California except Mrs. Lipscomb. She was born December 5, 1844, went to the Pacific coast with her parents and was educated there. Mr. and Mrs. Lipscomb have an only child, Darby Cantrell, born December 7, 1881. In public and political affairs Mr. Lipscomb has ever evinced a lively and commendable interest, acting with the democratic party. He has been school director for many years, has frequently served as delegate to conventions, and in 1892 made the race for the nomination of sheriff, being defeated, however, in this race. Mrs. Lipscomb is an active member of the Christian church. J. H. MOONEY, A. M., M. D. Of Kansas City, was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, August 9, 1851, and is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Farnsworth) Mooney, the former a native of Virginia, and the latter of New York. The father was a millwright by trade and carried on that business in the Old Dominion until 1854, when he came to Clay county, Missouri, locating at Liberty, where he engaged in the milling business until 1868. He afterward turned his attention to farming, and in 1885, he came to Kansas City, where he lived retired until his death, which occurred in January, 1893. His widow still survives him. The Doctor is the eldest in a family of 8 children, 5 of whom are yet living. He was only 3 years old when the family came to this state and was educated in Liberty, Missouri, and in the college at Plattsburg, Clinton county, being graduated at that institution with the class of 1871, receiving the degree of A. M. He then turned his attention to school-teaching, which he followed for 10 years when he took up the study of medicine, pursuing his researches in the Kansas City University Medical College, where he was graduated in 1888. While a student he conducted a grocery and drug store at Harlem, Missouri. Immediately after his graduation Dr. Mooney began the practice of medicine in Kansas City, and has attained considerable prominence and secured a good business. He makes a specialty of the diseases of women, and is professor of clinical and operative gynecology in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Kansas City, Kansas. He was also one of the organizers and charter members of this school, and a trustee and stockholder. The Doctor is a member of the University Alumni Association, the Kansas City Medical and Surgical Association, and the Jackson County Medical Society. One of the respresentative men of his calling in the city, he is exceedingly well read in his profession, and in all his operations he has never lost but one patient, and that operation was performed under protest. On the 24th of January, 1876, the Doctor married Miss Amy U. Humphrey, a native of Springfield, Illinois. Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and are most highly esteemed people. EDWARD A. BURNETT An attorney at law of Kansas City, was born in Brattleboro, Vermont, March 25, 1862, and is a son of John F. and Mary A. (Thurber) Burnett, also natives of the Green Mountain state. His father was a wool manufacturer, and owned extensive mills in Troy, New Hampshire, which he conducted until 1858, when, laying aside business cares, he retired to private life and the enjoyment of the competency that his own labor had secured. His death occurred in 1863, at the age of 33 years, but his wife is still living, in Brattleboro, Vermont. They were members of the Baptist church, taking an active part in its work, and for 12 years Mr. Burnett served as superintendent of the Sunday school. When the war was precipitated upon the country he entered the service as a member of the 16th Vermont infantry, and his death was occasioned by injuries sustained at the battle of Gettysburg. He was honored in his resident community with several offices, and was a man of prominence and genuine worth. The maternal grandfather of our subject, John Burnett, was a native of Vermont, and was born and reared on the farm where occurred the birth of this grandson. He served as a captain in the state militia, reared a family of 5 children, and passed away on Christmas day of 1887, at the age of 86 years. The family has long been connected with New England history and interests, the original American ancestors having located in Massachusetts at a very early day. The great-grandfather, John Burnett, resides near Warwick, Massachusetts, whence he removed to the Green Mountain state about 1765. The maternal grandfather of our subject, Edward Thurber, was a native of Guilford, Vermont, and a farmer by occupation. He is still living, at the age of 88 years. His wife died in 1894, at the age of 80 years. The family was of Welsh origin. Mr. Burnett, of this review, spent his childhood days in his parents' home and is indebted to the public schools for his preliminary educational privileges. He completed the high-school course in Brattleboro, Vermont, and subsequently attended Dartmouth College, at which institution, he was graduated with the class of 1887. His tastes led him to enter professional life, and he took up the study of law under the preceptorship of the firm of Martin, Waterman & Hitt, attorneys, of Brattleboro. He afterward continued his studies with Colonel Hugh Henry, of Chester, Vermont, and was admitted to the bar in 1890. Immediately afterward he came to Kansas City, where he has since continued in active practice. A liberal patronage has come to him for his care over his clients' interests, and his painstaking efforts to secure success to their causes has won him the approval and support of the general public. In politics he is a stalwart republican, and was delegate to the state republican conventions while living in Vermont. On the 22nd of November, 1887, Mr. Burnett was united in marriage with Miss Mary Howard, a daughter of William Wallace Howard, a prominent lawyer and banker of Windsor, Vermont. Her mother bore the maiden name of Mary Howard. Mr. Burnett belongs to the Baptist church, and his wife is a member of the Congregational church. Socially, he is connected with Summundowat lodge, No. 3, I. O. O. F., of Kansas City. JAMES W. MCCURDY Is numbered among Jackson county's officers, serving at this writing as the efficient county collector. His entire life has been passed in this county, his birth having occurred in Independence, Missouri, on the 6th of September, 1855. The family is of Irish lineage and was founded in America by the grandfather of our subject, who, crossing the Atlantic to the new world, became a farmer of Virginia and there reared a large family, his death occurring at an advanced age. The father of our subject, John G. McCurdy, is numbered among the honored pioneers of Jackson county. He was born in Virginia and in his native state married Elizabeth Beal, whose father was born in Scotland, whence he came to the new world, spending his remaining days upon a farm in Virginia, where his daughter was born. Mr. and Mrs. McCurdy continued their residence in that state until 1848, when, hoping to benefit their financial condition and more quickly secure a home in the west, they removed to Independence, Missouri. The father, whose birth occurred in March, 1818, in Rockbridge county, is still living. He is a mechanic, and for many years followed the blacksmith's trade, each day finding him in his shop busy at his work, that he might supply his family with the necessities and comforts of life. His career has been a busy and useful one, and he has long been a faithful and consistent member of the Methodist church, serving as one of its officers during nearly his entire connection therewith. His wife died in 1877, at the age of 55 years, and like her husband was also a devout Christian. They were parents of four sons and one daughter, namely: John S., James W., Joseph A., Henry L., and Elizabeth B., widow of Wilson Powell. Mr. McCurdy, whose name introduces this sketch; was reared and educated in Jackson county. He attended the public schools of Independence for some time, and then pursued a commercial course which well fitted him for the practice and responsible duties of business life. At the age of 16 he began clerking in a grocery store in Independence, and was thus employed for 3 years as a trusted and efficient salesman. On the expiration of that period he made his way to California, and remained 6 years on the Pacific slope, where he was engaged in clerking for the Central Pacific Railroad in Sacramento. He then returned to his native state, where he arrived in 1881, and since that time has been mostly connected with public office. In September, 1882, he was made chief deputy county collector, a position which he acceptably and continuously filled for 13 years, or until the spring of 1895. That proved an excellent preparatory school for his present official duties. In the fall of 1894 he was elected to the superior office, and on the 1st of March following entered upon his duties as county collector. On the 25th of September, 1888, Mr. McCurdy was united in marriage with Alma L. Hays, daughter of William and Kate (Spinnate) Hays, and they now have 2 interesting children, a son and daughter - Elizabeth W. and James W. The mother is a member of the Presbyterian church, and they are highly esteemed people, having many warm friends in the community, while their home, located at No. 1408 Wabash Avenue, is the abode of hospitality. Mr. McCurdy is in his social relations connected with the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and in politics is a stalwart democrat who keeps himself well-informed on the issues of the day, and takes a deep interest in everything pertaining to the advancement of his party. He has resided in Kansas City since 1882, and is a popular, genial gentleman, while as an officer his public career is above reproach, and he well merits the high regard in which he is held. J. W. CARTLICH, M. D. The value to any community of a professional man is not marked merely by his learning and skill, his proficiency in medical and surgical practice, but also by his character, both private and professional, his honorable adherence to medical efforts and his personal integrity and benevolence of purpose. When a physician combines these characteristics it is with great pleasure that we record his life work, and such a man do we find in Dr. Cartlich. This well-known physician of Kansas City was born in Jackson, Ohio, November 3, 1845, and is a son of Abraham and Lucinda (Will) Cartlich. The father was a native of Virginia, and was of English lineage, while the mother was of German descent. The paternal great-grandfather of the Doctor was a general in the English army. The grandfather was educated in France, under private tutorage, and came to this country at an early day, locating in Virginia. He was a physician, a minister and a farmer, and a man of high education and scholarly attainments. When only 12 years of age he could speak 7 different languages and also possessed considerable poetical talent, being the author of many beautiful stanzas. The father of our subject was a Methodist Episcopal minister, and became very prominent in his church. He was self-educated in every respect and had to gain his knowledge by overcoming many difficulties, his own father being greatly opposed to educating his children, thinking it did them no good, as he himself had made no use of his fine talent. For 40 years Rev. Abraham Cartlich was connected with the Ohio Conference, and was especially noted as a revivalist, bringing more then 3,000 people into the church. His wife came of a very wealthy family of merchants. Her death occurred in 1852, and he was called from this life in 1889. Their family numbered 7 children, but only three are not living, namely: George W., a capitalist of Creston, Iowa; Dr. J. W., of this sketch; and Clarissa F., wife of Perry Tway, a prosperous farmer, near Mount Ayr, Iowa. The Doctor was educated in Delaware, Ohio, and entered upon a collegiate course with the intention of devoting his life to the ministry, but his health failed and he was compelled to abandon this plan. During the war he was found among the faithful defenders of the union. In 1863 he enlisted as a member of Company K, 118th infantry, which was afterward changed to the first Ohio heavy artillery, in which he served until the close of the war. He participated in several skirmishes and met the enemy in battle at Knoxville, Nashville, Bull's Gap and Strawberry Point. In 1867 he took up the study of medicine and engaged in practice in various parts of Iowa and Minnesota, several years being thus passed. In the meantime he became convinced of the superiority of the homeopathic school over the old school, and in 1876 adopted its practice, while in 1883 he was graduated at Pulte Medical College, of Cincinnati. However, he had previously attended the Chicago Homeopathic College and the University homeopathic department of Iowa City, Iowa. He practiced his profession in Cincinnati about 1 year, and in 1883 established an office in Carrollton, Missouri, where he remained for 9 years. Since 1892 he has resided in Kansas City and is now established in a good practice. He is making a specialty of hernia and hemorrhoids, for cases in which he charges nothing if they are not cured. He is very successful, having cured a number. His treatment of hernia is by a hypodermic method, which does not inconvenience one in his daily vocation. The Docotr was married in May, 1873, to Virginia A. Laws, of Shenandoah, Iowa, and 4 children graced their union - Alta J., Viola E., Jessie A., and George A. The Doctor has taken a deep interest in politics as a supporter of the greenback party. He has been frequently offered a nomination for some office, but always refused, as he was wedded to his profession. He is a member of the church in which he was reared - the Methodist Episcopal and socially is a Knight Templar Mason, and a member of the Mystic Shrine. JOHN R. BURRUS A prominent farmer who owes his success in life to his own well directed and enterprising efforts, was born near Blue Springs, in Sniabar township, Jackson county, May 10, 1854. His father, William T. Burrus, was a native of Virginia, and during his boyhood days accompanied his parents to Missouri. His father, George Burrus, was one of the first pioneers of Jackson county, and from the government entered land on which the birth of our subject occurred. He married Nancy Harris, a daughter of Jerry Harris, and made his first settlement 2 miles west of Blue Springs, continuing his residence there until his death, which occurred about 1859. The family numbered 11 children, 9 of whom reached maturity, and the youngest was only 11 days old at the time of the father's death. Three of this family are still living, namely: James M., of Grain Valley, Missouri; and Mary L., widow of Collins Bowlin, now residing near Blue Springs. The father owned 120 acres of land at the time of his death, and upon this farm his widow resided until the troublesome times of the war, when she removed with her family to LaFayette county, Missouri, settling near Lexington. Her son James, however, then 16 years of age, entered the Confederate service under General Jo Shelby. Mrs. Burrus and the smaller children returned to the farm in the spring of 1864. She then plowed a field and raised a crop of corn, but that fall, at the time of Price's raid, the federal troops following the southern army camped upon her land and thus destroyed her crop! In the fall she again went to LaFayette county, but in the spring of 1865 once more came to Jackson county. The war being over her son James returned home, but remained only a year. Our subject, then being the eldest at home, assumed the management of the 40 acre farm. His mother afterward married J. Smith, and after his death she made her home with her son John, her death occurring there on the 24th of April, 1886. Our subject had continued to give his mother the benefit of his service until her second marriage, when at the age of 24 years he started out in life for himself. Having sold the 10 acres of land which he inherited from his father he then rented land of his brother for one year. On the 23rd of September, 1880, Mr. Burrus was united in marriage with Nannie D. Ford, a lady of high culture, intelligence and refinement, and a daughter of Lewis A. and Martha A. (Holmes) Ford. She was born in Platte county, Missouri, but was reared in Kansas City, and came to Blue Springs in April, 1876. Her father was a contractor and builder by trade and for some years followed that business in Kansas City, after which he turned his attention to farming. He lived for 15 years in that city and vicinity. He was a native of Woodford county, Kentucky, but removed to Platte county and engaged in the milling business at Parkville, carrying on that enterprise there during the war. He served as captain of a company of militia, and was captured and taken to St. Louis, where he was placed as a prisoner inMcDonell College. Subsequently he was taken to Alton, where he was held in captivity for one year. He and 16 of his company were then released, in 1864, but were not allowed to return to Missouri until the close of the war. He therefore continued in Illinois until the war ended, when he went to Kansas City, Missouri. He afterward became an extensive contractor of Kansas City at an early day, and among other important buildings erected the Gillis House. The firm of Ford & Waldron was well known, and many evidences of their handiwork stand today. Mr. Ford lost his wife in January, 1887, and for some years past he has resided in the home of Mr. Burrus. After his marriage our subject rented a tract of land 6 miles south of Blue Springs, where he resided from the 5th of October, 1880, until the 1st of March, 1884. He then rented a farm of Willis Young for 2 years, and in 1886 removed to the farm owned by W. H. Montgall, 2 ½ miles south of Blue Springs. After a time he purchased his present farm, 3 miles SW of Blue Springs on the Independence road. this comprises 65 acres of land, valued at $50 per acre. He has made extensive improvements upon the place, including the erection of a fine brick residence and good barns. He has also put up wire fences and devoted his energies to the raising of grain and hogs. Mr. and Mrs. Burrus have 1 child, Floyd F., born June 10, 1883. Our subject belongs to the Cumberland Presbyterian church, in which he is now serving as deacon. His wife is a member of the Missionary Baptist Church, of Blue Springs. In February, 1894, he was appointed by the county commissioners as overseer of the roads in his district, is now serving in that capacity, and is earning the gratitude of the public by the extensive and excellent improvements which he is making upon the system of roads and by the opening up of new roads. In his political views he is a democrat, and usually serves as a delegate to the county conventions. He takes great delight in hunting, and is a pleasant, genial gentleman, social and kindly in disposition. He wins friends wherever he goes, has the happy faculty of retaining them, and it would be difficult to find a more popular or higher esteem in this community. LYMAN W FORD, M. D. Among the worthy sons of the Empire State who have sought homes in Kansas City is Dr. Ford, who ranks among the best physicians of Jackson county. He was born in Saratoga, New York, May 25, 1846, and is a son of Lyman and Adelia (Vanderwalker) Ford, the former a native of Connecticut and the latter of Saratoga. The maternal grandfather was in the War of 1812, and his father served in the same war, and was one of the heroes of the Revolution. The grandfather was a native of England. The Ford family located in Connecticut at an early day, while the Vanderwalker family settled at New Amsterdam, now New York City. They were prominent people in England, and the great-grandfather was a surgeon in the English army. The members of both families were farming people and school teachers. The Doctor's father followed the sea during his early life. At the age of 13 he ran away from home and shipped before the mast on a vessel bound for Liverpool. For many years he sailed on the Atlantic, but at length left the water and turned his attention to farming in Washington county, New York, where he remained for a year. Believing, however, that better advantages were offered in the west, he left the Empire state and took up his residence in Kendall county, Illinois, which was his home until after the close of the war. He then came to Carroll county, Missouri, and is now living in Texas, at abou the age of 80 years. His family numbered six children, who grew to years of maturity, while five are now living, namely: Wyndette, Lyman W., Frank, Edgar and Amy. Martin, the second member of the family, is deceased. Dr. Ford of this review was principally reared in New York, and acquired his education in the village school and academy, supplemented by a course in the Jennings Seminary, of Aurora, Illinois, after the removal of the family to that state. On the breaking out of the civil war, although only 15 years of age, he left school and joined the 150th Illinois infantry, in which he served until the close of the great contest, participating in the memorable march with Sherman to the sea and a number of important engagements. The soldier boy displayed the same loyalty and fidelity which was manifested by the older veterans, and the blue was worn by no more patriotic defender of the old flag. After peace was declared Dr. Ford at once returned to the north and became a resident of Boone, Iowa, where he taught the first public school in that place. He had hardly passed his 17th birthday. For 7 years he was connected with the educational interests of that town, as a teacher of recognized ability, and continued to follow that profession until 29 years of age, but in the meantime took up the study of medicine. He entered the old Northwestern University of Chicago, where he paid for his tuition by teaching. In 1875 he became a student in Rush Medical College, of that city, at which he was graduated with the class of 1878. He located at Norborne, Missouri, where he practiced for 9 years, and in 1886 he came to Kansas City, where he has built up a very large business, which is constantly increasing. Dr. Ford possesses a nature that could never content itself with mediocrity, and has continued his studies and the work of progress along the line of medical research until today he is ranked among the foremost members of the profession in Jackson county. In the years 1894 and 1895 he filled the chair of genito-urinary diseases in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Kansas City. He has been examiner of various prominent insurance companies for a number of years. Socially, he is connected with the Masonic fraternity and the Knights of Pythias order. His while record has been an honorable and commendable one. As a soldier boy, a teacher, and a physician, his history is one deserving of emulation. WILLIAM T. JAMISON The bar of Kansas City numbers many eminent members, and in almost every case inquiry would reveal that these are men who unaided worked their way upward. Thorough application, extensive research and persistent labor, in analyzation of character will be found as the elements which have entered into their success. These qualities are possessed in no small degree by the gentleman whose name introduces this biographical notice, and with a singleness of purpose he has devoted himself to his chosen calling. He is yet a young man, but has already gained a high standing at the bar, and with a laudable ambition will continue his progress while he remains a member of the profession. Mr. Jamison was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, November 16, 1858, and is a son of Robert and Elizabeth Jamison, who still reside in that county. His grandparents were all of Scotch-Irish lineage, and were descendants of early settlers of Washington county, except the paternal grandmother, who was a Virginian. The bravery and indomitable will power characteristic of those who defended their country and their homes from devastation at the hand of the Indian was shared by them, as were the dangers and hardships. William Jamison was reared upon his father's farm, remaining an inmate of the parental home until his 20th year. He had during this time attended the common schools through the winter season and with this preparation now began teaching school, which profession he followed with excellent success for a number of terms. He afterward attended Washington and Jefferson College and subsequently entered the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, at which institution he was graduated with the law class of 1884, having earned every dollar expended for his schooling. On leaving the university Mr. Jamison resumed his former vocation of teaching, while determining upon a point at which to begin the practice of law. He continued his work as a successful educator for nearly 2 years and during that time was admitted to the bar in the city of Wheeling, West Virginia, but did not begin practice there. His attention being attracted toward Kansas City, Missouri, he became impressed with its advantages, and on the 6th of April, 1886, he took up his residence here and entered upon the practice of his chosen profession, having an office with Judge L. C. Slavens until December, 1890, when he entered into a partnership for the practice of law with Judge Slavens and Wilbur F. Spottswood, Esq.,under the firm name of Slavens, Spottswood & Jamison. Our subject attended strictly to his professional duties, refusing to take any active part in politics until the spring of 1894, when he was elected a member of the lower house of the common council of his city, upon the convening of which house he was unanimously chosen speaker. In September of the same year he was made the nominee upon the republican ticket for the office of prosecuting attorney for Jackson county, to which office at the November election of that year he was elected, but by a most daring forgery of the election returns he was prevented from taking his office until February 8, 1895, when after a persistent fight in the courts he secured his rights and upon that date entered upon the duties of his office. At the same time he retired from the law firm and resigned his position in the council. When he entered upon his duties as prosecuting attorney one of the first duties demanding his attention was the prosecution of offenders against the election laws in the recent election, and this work he carried forward fearlessly and without regard to party affiliations. Mr. Jamison is a republican in politics, but not a strong partisan, and while a Methodist in religion is at all times tolerant toward those who do not agree with him. Shortly before coming to Kansas City, Mr. Jamison was married to Miss Annie M., daughter of the late Laken Whitely, a substantial citizen of Washington county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Jamison accompanied her husband to his new field, where their future home was established. They have one child, Howard L., an interesting lad 8 years old, of whom his parents are justly proud. THOMAS JEFFERSON FORD A retired farmer living in Blue Springs, Missouri, was born near Versailles, in Woodford county, Kentucky, March 26, 1824. He was reared in Shelby county. His father, John Ford, was a native of Virginia, and during his boyhood days removed to Kentucky, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of that locality. He married Miss Sarah Berry, and of their 12 children 9 are yet living. While still under the parental roof our subject, the 7th born, learned the carpenter's trade, being uninstructed, however, in this work, yet possessing natural talent for it. In 1848 he came to Missouri, and in 1850 made a permanent location in Kansas City, where for some years he followed the carpenter's trade. He was for 6 years in the employ of Lewis A. Ford. He then engaged in farming on the Blue, 4 miles southeast of the center of Kansas City, where he had an extensive farm, which now, however, lies within the corporation limits. He owned 107 acres and continued the cultivation and improvement of this property until 8 years ago. He sold this farm during the boom, but as the purchaser was unable to pay for it reverted to him. He afterward purchased 240 acres, 2 ½ miles South of Blue Springs, and also has 30 acres 1 mile further east. He has, however, now laid aside business cares and is living retired in Blue Springs, enjoying the fruits of his former toil. He has led an industrious life, is energetic and persevering, and his well-directed efforts have brought to him a comfortable competence. He has rented his Kansas City farm and taken up his abode at his pleasant suburban residence situated near the limits of the city. Mr. Ford was married in Kansas City, in 1850, to Miss Elizabeth Taylor, of this place. She died in 1857. Four children were born of that marriage: John Willis, a farmer residing near Independence; Thomas Lewis, at home; Sarah Lucy, now the wife of Wallace Campbell, who is living on the farm near Kansas City; and T. J., who died in infancy. Mr. Ford was again married on the 28th of June, 1860, his second union being with Miss Cumilah F. Bradley, of Kansas City, daughter of Isham Bradley. Her father was a native of Virginia, but at an early day emigrated to Missouri, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of Jackson county in 1837. He resided on the Westport road, on a farm which now lies within the city limits, and died on the old home place October 18, 1867, at the age of 66 years. His wife bore the maiden name of Catherine Hudgins. They were married in Virginia, and became the parents of 8 children, 5 of whom are yet living. To Mr. and Mrs. Ford have been born the following named: Archie B., who is now on the farm; Mary Cumilah, wife of J. Samuel Bridges, a farmer living in Blue Springs; Vyra Lee, wife of John W. Corder, of Kansas City; Charles W. Ernest W., Bessie, Jeffie and Delma. In his political views, Mr. Ford is a democrat. He served as a member of the home guards during the civil war, and with the exception of a part of one summer remained on the farm during those troublous times. The invading armies took all his horses but one, also a considerable amount of cattle, and his crops were destroyed by the trampling hosts. Both Mr. and Mrs. Ford hold a membership in the Baptist church, with which they have been connected since early youth. Their membership is now with the organization at Blue Springs, and Mr. Ford has served as deacon. He was made a Mason at Westport, and is a valued member of that fraternity. His long residence in Jackson county has made him widely known, and his well-spent life has gained for him the confidence and good will of all with whom he has been brought in contact. JOHN PUNTON, M.D. Is engaged in the practice of regular medicine, being one of the most able and skilled physicians of Kansas City. He was born in London, England, July 12, 1854, and is a son of William and Emily (Gumbrall) Punton, who also were natives of the same country. The grandfather, William Punton, was a solicitor or barrister at law in London, and died in the prime of life. His family numbered 2 sons and a daughter, including the father of our subject, who was an upholsterer and paper-hanger. His entire life was spent in his native city, where he died in 1890, at the age of 63 years. His wife also passed away at the same age. Both were members of the church of England, and were highly respected people. They had 8 children - 3 sons and 5 daughters - of whom 7 are now living, namely; Louisa, wife of George Monk; Marianne, wife of Alfred Clark, a detective of London; William, who is principal of a school in Reigate, England, a position he has filled for 27 years; John; Minnie, wife of Thomas Stafford, of London; Julia E., wife of Alfred Smith, who has been principal of a school in London for many years; and Alfred, a dentist of Mount Pleasant, Iowa. A daughter passed away name Louisa. The maternal grandfather of our subject, Thomas Gumbrall, was a farmer of England, and there spent his entire life, dying at an advanced age. Dr. Punton spent his boyhood days in his native land and obtained his literary education in the public schools, which he attended until 16 years of age. During the succeeding 3 years he was the traveling companion for a wealthy gentleman in all parts of Europe. No better educational training could have been given him than this, for “by running to and fro in the earth shall knowledge be increased;” and one gains through looking upon different scenes and watching the various nationalities a knowledge that could never be obtained from text books. It was in this way he gained a desire to come to America. He is today a man of broad general information, having been made so through experience, observation and extensive reading. The Doctor was a young man of 18 years when he crossed the Atlantic to America, taking up his residence in Jacksonville, Illinois, where he secured a position as attendant in the insane asylum located there. In the meantime he studied pharmacy, and became the apothecary of the Central Illinois Hospital for the Insane - a position which he creditably filled for 10 years, during which time, at the suggestion of the medical faculty of this institution, he studied medicine until he graduated. He, however, sought a broader field of labor, and resolved to enter the general medical profession, which calls for great sacrifices and more arduous labors than almost any other calling. In the winter of 1878-9 he was a student in the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, after which he returned to the asylum to re-enter his position as druggist for the institution. It was by this means that he acquired the capital necessary to complete his education, and going to Cincinnati he entered the Miami Medical College, at which he was graduated in the class of 1883. Immediately afterward Dr. Punton removed to Lawrence, Kansas, where he engaged in practice for a year and a half, during which time he served as city physician. The State Insane Asylum at Topeka, Kansas, had been greatly enlarged, and the Doctor was then offered, by the president of the state board of charities, the position of superintendent of one of the new, large, detached buildings, containing 300 patients; there he remained for 3 years. Of a nature that would never content itself with mediocrity or partial success, he went, at the expiration of that period, to Chicago, in order to carry his resources and investigations still father, and gained further proficiency in his chosen calling. He therefore took a special course in the Northwestern Medical College, and, seeking a broader field of labor, came to Kansas City, in March, 1888. For 4 years he engaged in general practice, and then went to New York, where he took a course in the post-graduate college, also in the clinical department, making a specialty of nervous diseases, under the direction of Drs. Dana and Landon Carter Gray. Subsequently he spent 6 months in Europe, attending the special clinics devoted to nervous diseases. On returning to Kansas City he became a specialist in this line, and remarkable success has attended his efforts. In 1895 he made another trip to London for special study, and also took a special course under the same instructors in New York. The science of medicine has yielded up many of its secrets to him, and entering the lists against disease and death he has many, many times come off conqueror in the strife. On the 17th of July, 1884, Dr. Punton was united in marriage with Miss Frances Evelyn Spruill, daughter of W. F. T. and Mary B. (Babbitt) Spruill. Her father is a Methodist minister belonging to the Illinois Conference. Mrs. Punton is a native of Kentucky, and a most cultured and refined lady, a graduate of the Illinois Female College, of Jacksonville, Illinois, in the literary as well as the fine art department. Three sons have been born to this marriage - Frank Gibson, John Morse and William Bruce. The parents are members of the Grand Avenue Methodist Episcopal church, and also belong to the order of the Eastern Star, of the Masonic fraternity, while the Doctor is a member of Albert Pike lodge, A. F. & A. M., as well as of the Scottish rite and Oriental commandery. He also holds a membership in various medical societies and is now president of the Kansas City Academy of Medicine. He belongs to the Jackson County, the Kansas City District, the Missouri State and the Tri-state Medical Societies. He is an honorary member of numerous other medical organizations in Missouri and Kansas, as well as the Kansas State Medical Society. He is now professor of nervous and mental diseases in the University Medical College, also holds the same chair in the Woman's Medical and the Western Dental Colleges, and is special lecturer to the Scarritt Training School, and consulting neurologist to All Saints Hospital, the Kansas City, the Fort Scott & Memphis, the Pittsburg & Gulf and the Missouri & Pacific Railroad Hospitals. His prominent connection with these various institutions is a sufficient guaranteed of his ability, and indicates better than commendatory words would do the high position he occupies among his professional brethren. He is one of the most promising of the rising generation of physicians of Kansas City, and we predict for him unbounded success. PAULINE EMERSON CANFIELD, M. D. The history of the Emerson family in England can be traced back to the early part of the 13th century, and the Doctor has in her possession the authentic lineage from 1300 down to Thomas Emerson, who came to America in 1638. He was proprietor of the manors of Bradbury and Hilton, in England, and after coming to the New World figured prominently in the history of the American branch of the family, being its found in this country. More than 250 years ago, when the citizens of this country had penetrated into the interior only a few miles, the greater number located along the Atlantic coast. Weighing anchor in an English port the westward-bound sailing vessel, Elizabeth Ann, among the passengers on board that little ship was Thomas Emerson, a representative of the Emerson family of the Wear valley, in the county of Durham. At length the long voyage of 3,000 miles was ended, and since that year, 1638, the Emerson family and its representatives have been prominent in American annals. No people have been more honored than those who have worn this name. The family has been distinguished by its devotion to those works, enterprises and business interests which are designed for the aid and uplifting of humanity. Among the members of the family are Ralph Waldo Emerson, the noted essayist; Wendell Phillips, the apostle of freedom and the friend of the oppressed; Bishop Phillips Brooks, of the Episcopal church, and Bishop W. F. Mallalieu, of the Methodist Episcopal church, both prominent in ministerial work; Professor C. Wesley Emerson, the founder and president of the Boston School of Oratory; Professor H. P. Emerson, of Buffalo, New York; Professor B. K. Emerson, of Amherst College; Dr. H. P. Emerson, of London, England, an author of works on natural history, and many others who are eminent in church and educational circles. Thomas Emerson, who was born in the county of Durham, England, took up his residence in Ipswich, Massachusetts, on emigrating to America. He received a large grant of land from King James I., October 19, 1619, which was to be in the possession of the family for a thousand years. A coat-of-arms was also granted to the family by King Henry VIII, and this has been used by Ralph Waldo Emerson and other representatives of the family in this country for book plates. Thomas Emerson inherited the manors of Bradbury and Hilton, and thus another coat-of-arms was brought into the family. They had 5 children, including Rev. John Emerson, from whom were descended Wendell Phillips and Phillips Brooks. Thomas Emerson died May 1, 1666, and we have the following record concerning the disposition of his property: “His will was dated May 31, 1663. He died May 1, 1666, and the inventory of his estate is recorded November 3, 1666, in which record he is styled “Goodman Emerson, Senior' He left a wife, Elizabeth, and sons - Joseph, John, James and Nathaniel - and a daughter, Elizabeth, wife of John Fuller. “He bequeathes to his wife the yearly rent of his farm with six head of cattle, also the home, etc. during the time she doth remain my widow. To his sonne Joseph the sum of 80 pounds of current pay of New England. To his sonne James the sum of 40 pounds to be paid unto him if he shall come over into this or send by a certain certificate of his being living within 2 years after the decease of me and my wife. In case my soone dye before then, my will is that my sonne Joseph, his son Joseph, shall have 10 pounds and my daughter Fuller and her 4 sonnes 20 pounds, and my sonne Nathaniel 10 pounds. To Nathaniel, my house wherein I now dwell, with all my upland and meadow and the marsh yt bought of my sonne Joseph wh some time Mr. Woodman's. To his daughter, Elizabeth Fuller, best coverlet and the bedstead to enjoy for use until her daughter Susan atayned the age of 20 or the day of her marriage, if it should happen sooner; then she to enjoy them also; the great carved chest with what is in it, the carved box and the little trunk and small covered chest with all (that) is in it.' “In a codicil dated January 4, 1660, he mentioned having given unto his son John his 'portion fill in ye considerations of yt agreement between us about my farm,' etc. He bequeathed legacies to his daughter Fuller's 2 daughters, Suana and Elizabeth, to be paid to them at the age of 20 or at ye day of marriage (see John Fuller). He appoints his 'living wife Elizabeth Emerson sole Executrix and doe desire my much honored and faithful friends Mr. Samuel Symonds and Maj. Gen'l Denison to be overseers to see yt this will be fulfilled.' The will was proved May, 1666.” Rev. Joseph Emerson, son of Thomas, the American ancestor, was born in England in 1620, and was installed the first minister in Mendon, Massachusetts, December 1, 1669. His death occurred November 3, 1679. He married Elizabeth Woodmansey, and after her death Elizabeth Buckley. They had 7 children, one of whom was the ancestor of Ralph Waldo Emerson, America's famed realist. James Emerson was the next in the line of direct descent. He was a landholder, was born about 1655, had 4 children, and died in 1718. His son, John Emerson, also a landholder, was born June 9, 1694, married Mary Rice, and had 9 children, and died in 1780. His will, which was allowed, June 5, 1780, read as follows: “In the name of God, Amen. The 12th day of July in the year of our Lord 1786, I, John Emerson, of Uxbridge, in the county of Worcester and province of the Massachusetts, in New England, yeoman, being under some bodily indisposition but of perfect mind and memory (thanks be to God therefore!) calling to mind the mortality of my body, and knowing that it is appointed for man once to die, do make and ordain this my last will and testament; that is to say, principally, and first of all, I give and recommend my soul into the hands of God, who gave it, hoping, thro' the merits, death and passion of my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, to have a full and free pardon and remission of all my sins and to inherit everlasting life; and my body I commit to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors (thereafter named), nothing doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same again, by the mighty power of God. And as touching such worldly estate, wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life, I give and dispose of the same in the following manner and form, that is to say: “First. I will and order that all those debts and duties that I do owe in right or conscience to any person or person whatsoever, shall well and truly be contended or paid or ordained to be paid, in convenient time after my decease, by my executors hereafter named. “Item. I give to my eldest son John 10 shillings lawful money, to be paid by my executors in 7 years after my decease; ¼ part of my wearing apparel, as also ¼ part of my shop tools, and no more. He have (having) already had such part of my estate which with this I look upon to be his full proportion of my estate. “Item. I give to my son Thomas 10 shillings lawful money, to be paid by my executors in ye term of 7 years after my decease, ¼ part of my wearing apparel, as also ¼ part of my shop tools and no more, thinking this, with what I have already given him, to be his full portion of my estate. “Item. I give unto my son James 10 shillings lawful money to be paid in 7 years after my decease by my executors, ¼ part of my wearing apparel, as also ¼ part of my shop tools, the which, with what he has already had, I look upon to be his full portion of my estate. “Item. It give and bequeath to my son Luke (he paying the several legacies to my sons above-named; and to my son Ezekiel and daughters, Mary, Sarah and Hannah, as after mentioned; and excepting the improvement of a part of my house to my daughter, Mary, with a necessary part of the garden and yard room, as aftermentioned) the whole of my homested, that I am now in possession of; lands, buildings and tenement of every sort; as also the whole of my stock of cattle, sheep, horses, hoggs, and of every sort; the whole of my utensils for husbandry; ¼ part of my shop tools, as also ¼ part of my wearing apparel. “Item. I give to my son Ezekiel 10 shillings lawful money, to be paid him by my executors in 7 years after my decease, the which, with his education at college, I account to be his full portion of my estate. “Item. I give to my eldest daughter, Mary, 26 pounds, 13 shillings and 4 pence lawful money, to be paid her by my executors on her marriage or in 4 years after my decease, as also comfortable and convenient rooms in the North end of my house, a necessary part of my cellar and well, such a part of the garden, at the south end of the house as may be necessary for her own use; convenient yard room, with the privilege of going and coming so long as she shall live unmarried; and also 1/3 part of my household goods. “Item. I give to my daughter Sarah, 11 pounds, 10 shillings, to be paid her by my executors in 6 years after my decease, with 1/3 part of my household goods and 3 pence, which with what she has already received is her full proportion of my estate. “Item. I give to my daughter Hannah 8 pounds, 9 shillings and 5 pence lawful money, to be paid her by my executors in 7 years after my decese, with 1/3 part of my household good, which with what she has already received is her full proportion of my estate. The above named legacies to be paid to the above named legatees by my son Luke or by my executors out of his part of my estate. “Item. I give my pew in the publick meeting house to my sons and daughters to be improved by them as they shall have occasion, or to be equally divided among them. I do hereby constitute, make and ordain my well beloved sons, John Emerson and Luke Emerson, my executors of this my last will and testament; and I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and disannul all and every other former testaments, wills, legacies, bequests and Exectss by me in any ways before this time named, willed and bequeathed, ratifying and confirming this, and no other, to be my last will and testament. “In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the day and year above written. “John Emerson (Seal) “Signed, sealed, published, pronounced and declnred by the said John Emerson as his last will and testament in presence of us, the subscribers. “Joseph Tyler, “Mattan Webb, “Elizabeth Webb “N. B. The words interlined page 2d, between the 6th and 7th and between the 7th and 8th lines from the bottom, was before the signing, sealing and delivery of these presents. Codicil to Ye Within Will. “Be it known to all men by these presents, that whereas, I, John Emerson, of Uxbridge, have made and declared my last will and testament in writing bearing date the 12th day of July, 1788, I, the said John Emerson, by this present codicil, do ratify and confirm my said last will and testament; but it has pleased God in his most holy providence to take away my within named son Luke Emerson by death, the fourth day of November, 1774; therefore I give and bequeath to the said Luke Emerson's 2 sons, my grandsons (viz), John Emerson and Thomas Emerson, and to their heirs and assigns forever, all and singular my lands, buildings, and tenements of every sort as is named in the within will, which I bequeathed to their father, sd Luke Emerson, deceased; and further I think it is not necessary to give the 5 daughters of ye sd Luke (my granddaughters) anything (viz.) Ruth Emerson, Susannah Emerson and Louis Emerson, Rhoda Emerson and Sally Emerson; and my will and meaning is that this codicil or schedule be, and be adjudged to be, part and parcel of my said last will and testament, and that all things herein mentioned and contained be faithfully and truly performed, and as fully and amply in every respect as if the same were so declared and set down within my last will and testament. Witness my hand this 3rd day of December, 1774. “John Emerson. (Seal) “N. B. My meaning is that ye above named John and Thomas have all my house forever. “David Read, Junr. “Johnathan Emeson. “Paul Wheelock. Luke Emerson, who was so frequently mentioned in the above quoted will, and who was the next in the line of direct descent to Dr. Canfield, of this review, was born October 14, 1733, and died November 4, 1744. He was the possessor of considerable property. He was married April 30, 1755, to Ruth Emerson, who was born March 12, 1737. They had 10 children. His will, which was allowed December 2, 1774, was as follows: “In the name of God, Amen! The 20th day of October, 1774. “I, Luke Emerson, of Uxbridge, in the county of Worcester, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England, yeoman, being in a very low state of bodily health but of perfect mind and memory, -- thanks to be given unto God! therefore, calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last will and testament - that is to say, principally and first of all, I give and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it; and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial, at the discretion of my executors, nothing doubting that at the general resurrection I shall receive the same by the mighty power of God. “And as touching such wordly estate, wherewith it has pleased God to bell me in this life, I give, demise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form: “Imprimise, I give and bequeath to Ruth, my dearly beloved wife, all and singular my land and tenements, with all my live stock, together with all my movable estate whatsoever for her my said wife to sell and dispose of when and as she pleaseth, with the priviso that she pays all my just debts and the several legacies to my heirs hereafter named. “Item. I give and bequeath to my 2 beloved sons, viz. John Emerson and Thomas Emerson, the sum of 110 pounds, lawful money, to be raised and levied out of my estate and equally divided between them, the said John and Thomas, and to be paid when they arrive to the years of 21, and to their heirs forever. Zuther, my will is in case either of my sons should die before the age of the above described leaving no heirs, then his or their legacy shall be divided amongst the rest of the surviving heirs. “Item. I give to my 5 daughters, viz., Ruth Emerson, Susannah Emerson, Louis Emerson, Rhoda Emerson and Sally Emerson, the sum of 40 pounds, to be equally divided between them and their heirs forever. “Item. I constitute, make and ordain Ruth Emerson, my above named and beloved wife, sole executrix of this my last will and testament. “And I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and disannul all and every other former testaments, wills, legacies and bequests and executors by me in any ways before named, willed and bequeathed, and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament. “In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the day and year above mentioned. “Luke Emerson. (Seal) “Signed, sealed, published, pronounced and declared by the said Luke Emerson, as his last will and testament, in the presence of us the subscribers. “Witnesses: John Hawkins Ezra Taft Paul Wheelock Thomas Emerson, the grandfather of Dr. Canfield, and son of Luke Emerson, was a prominent trader. He was born August 20, 1773, and died November 7, 1825. He married Margery Morse, who was born April 22, 1773, and died January 21, 1826. They had 9 children. A copy of his will is also herewith given: “In the name of God, Amen! I, Thomas Emerson, on this 7th day of November, 1825, in the township of Green Creek, county of Sandusky and state of Ohio, make the following my last will and testament, namely: My wife Margary shall inherit 1/3 of my personal and real estate after my debts being paid while she shall remain my widow. Louis, my eldest daughter, shall have a nice bureau, a fall-leaf table and a stand to be made of cherry and paid for out of my estate. Marcus, my son, shall have 5 dollars. My son, Jesse, shall pay to my son, Thomas, the sum of 50 dollars, good and lawful money; then my son, Thomas, and my son, Jesse, shall inherit the South half of my 80 acre lot, including the mill and mill privileges. My son, Stephen, shall inherit the North half of my 80 acre lot. My son, Ezekiel, shall have the sum of 30 dollars. My daughter, Pauline, shall have the sum of 50 dollars of my estate when she shall come of age or be married, to be laid out in household furniture. “In testimony whereof I hereunto sign my name and affix my seal on the day and in the year above written. “Thomas Emerson. (Seal) “Attest: Louis Sherwood. Daniel Brainard.” Jesse Emerson, father of our subject, was born December 24, 1801, and on the 17th of February, 1829, was married to Jemima S. Gavitt, who was born February 20, 1806. He was a farmer and landholder. His death occurred July 19, 1873, and his wife passed away April 9, 1884. Dr. Pauline Emrson Canfield is a native of Ballville, Ohio. Her education was completed by her graduation at the high school of Toledo, Ohio, and later she determined to engage in the practice of medicine, whereupon she entered Hahnemann Medical College, of Chicago, where she was later graduated. She was afterward a student in the Woman's Medical College, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and first engaged in practice in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Some time afterward she came to Kansas City, which has now been her home for 12 years. Here she has succeeded in building up an excellent practice, and her skill and ability are recognized by the members of the profession here. She was one of the founders and a charter member of the Woman's Refuge and Maternity Hospital, was physician of the same 3 years, was one of the founders and charter members of the Old Ladies' Protestant Home, of which she served as physician 2 years, was the first physician of the Door of Hope and is serving as physician to that worthy institution at the present time. She is widely known for her charity and benevolence, and many a poor family has reason to bless her for her timely assistance and substantial aid.
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