Jackson County Biographies
Jackson County Biographies
From The Memorial & Biographical Record of Kansas City and Jackson County, Missouri J. V. C. KARNES Among the residents of Kansas City who have through their achievements been brought into more than local prominence none has attained more eminent distinction than he whose name heads this sketch. Mr. Karnes is widely recognized as one of the most able lawyers of the State of Missouri. With a keen, analytical mind, strong powers of comprehension and mental attainments of a high order, he has risen step by step through his own merit until he has attained an enviable position at the bar of his native state. Mr. Karnes was born in Boone county, Missouri, February 11, 1841, and is a son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Payne) Karnes, both of whom were natives of Virginia, and were of German and Holland descent. Their respective families were founded in America during early colonial days. The maternal grandfather, Joseph Payne, was an ensign in the Revolutionary War. His entire life was spent in the Old Dominion, and the paternal grandfather also lived and died in Virginia. The father of our subject emigrated from Virginia to Missouri in 1836, making the journey by team and reaching his destination after some weeks of travel. He located in Boone county, where he entered land from the government and developed a good farm, on which he reared his family. The country was wild at that time being situated on the frontier, and for some years their home was a rude log house. The experiences and difficulties of pioneer life came to them, but as the years passed the comforts of civilization were added and Mr. Kernes became the possessor of an excellent farm, which was their home until called to their final rest. Their family numbered four sons: Harvey, who resides in Eureka Springs, Arkansas; Robert, who is located in Centralia, Missouri; John, a resident of Mexico, Missouri; and J. V. C., of this review. The last name is the youngest. He was reared on the old home farm and early became familiar with all its labors, performing the work of the meadows and fields, from the time of the earliest planting of crops until the harvests were gathered, when he entered the subscription school of the neighborhood, there pursuing his studies until at the opening of Spring, when his work in the fields was renewed. He managed to acquire a good English education, and in the autumn of 1857 entered the Missouri State University, and having completed the classical course, was graduated in 1862. He had determined to enter the legal profession, and in the Fall of that year became a student in the Harvard Law School. While there pursuing his studies he was elected tutor of Greek and Latin in the Missouri State University, and, returning home, filled that position until 1865, keeping up his law studies in the meantime, his preceptor being Hon. Boyle Gordon, of Boone county, Missouri. Henry N. Ess, who was also teaching in the University, as Professor of Mathematics, pursued the study of law in connection with Mr. Karnes, and together they came to Kansas City, in 1865, just at the close of the war. On the 1st of August, of that year, the firm of Karnes & Ess opened a law office and with mutual pleasure and profit continued in general practice until 1886, when Mr. Ess retired from the firm and Mr. Karnes entered into partnership with L. C. Krauthoff. This relation was sustained until January 1, 1889, when Daniel B. Holmes was admitted to an interest in the business under the firm name of Karnes, Holmes & Krauthoff. With the greater part of the important cases that have been tried in Kansas City this firm has been connected, and its reputation is second to none. Mr. Karnes is a man of superior ability, an able advocate, thoroughly versed in authorities, and his masterly handling of a case indicates thorough and painstaking preparation. He loses sight of not a single detail that may aid in winning success for his client, and in argument is logical and convincing, forceful and earnest. His oratory is often eloquent, always telling and seldom fails to convince. In 1869 Mr. Karnes became a member of the board of education of Kansas City, and served in that capacity continuously until 1882, when he resigned. During that time he was for three years its treasurer, one year secretary and seven years president. In 1893 he was appointed to fill a vacancy on the board of election, in 1894 was again elected to fill a term of six years, and is now vice-president. There is no man in the city or county who has been more deeply interested in education matters, who has done more for the advancement of the cause than Mr. Karnes, and his name will forever be connected with the history of Kansas City's schools, which largely stand as a monument to his progressive efforts. Another source of education he has been deeply interested in is the Kansas City public library, introducing the resolution, which caused its establishment. He is pre-eminently public-spirited, and with unswerving purpose and fidelity he has aided in all that pertains to the city's welfare, and for many years has been recognized as a leader among those men who have most largely assisted in advancing the material and educational interests of the city. His political support is given the Republican Party. On the 3rd of December, 1863, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Karnes, and Miss Mary A. Crumbaugh, of Columbia, Missouri, daughter of Henry Crumbaugh, and honored pioneer, and the granddaughter of Colonel Dick Gentry, who commanded the Missouri troops and was killed in the Florida war. Mr. & Mrs. Karnes have 3 children - John L., Josephine V. C. and Mary G. The elder daughter is now the wife of Alfred Gregory, of the law firm of Beardsley & Gregory, and they have a little son, the idol of all the family. Mr. Karnes is one of the oldest practitioners in Kansas City and has seen its development from a town of six thousand to its present metropolitan proportions. He has been very successful in his profession, is now enjoying one of the most lucrative practices in the city, and in social life and the warm regard of all with whom he has been brought in contact. T. J. ALLEN Thomas Jefferson Allen, one of the largest stock-growers and stock-dealers in Kansas City, was born at Mount Vernon, Illinois, December 28, 1841. His father, John R. Allen, a native of Sumner county, Tennessee, settled on a farm in Illinois in 1822. He served as a volunteer officer in the Black Hawk war, and in 1831-2 was stationed at Fort Leavenworth. He visited the western country, going as far South as New Mexico. In 1856 his name was presented as a candidate for congress from Illinois, which was at that time and place equal to an election, but he firmly declined to run, preferring to work for his friend, John A. Logan, who was elected. His farm in Illinois was devoted to the raising of fine stock, and was one of the largest and finest of its kind in Jefferson county. Our subject remained on his father's farm until of age; then he began to deal in stock on his own account. Thanks to the years of experience under the supervision of his father, and keen judgment, he had developed a sagacity and intelligence in the selection of animals that would have done credit to an older head. Going to Texas, he bought 1,000 head of cattle, which he collected at Abilene, Kansas, and from there shipped to Chicago. This venture proving successful, he decided to engage in the business on a larger scale, and noting the advantages that were offered in the West he removed in 1870 to Kansas City, when the stock trade was still in its infancy. As one of the pioneers in the business at this place he has perhaps done as much as any man to develop this industry throughout the west. In 1872, Mr. Allen went to Colorado, where he made his record as the first man to ship Colorado stock over the first railroad from Denver. His business increased rapidly and that very fall he was enabled to fill 308 cars from Denver. This transaction in its immensity made his fellow dealers in trade open their eyes and inclined them to dub him a reckless speculator. They changed their opinion, however, when the returns registered him a handsome profit. Two years later he went to Virginia City and Helena. Montana, where he bought 1,200 head of cattle, drove them to Ham's Fork on the Union Pacific, where the road built switches and loaded them on. Mr. Allen was also the first man to ship from Montana to the east. He drove 800 miles to the railroad before the stock reached transportation. The Oregon short line now leaves the Union Pacific and branching off goes North over his old trail. In 1875 our subject went to Texas, where be bought cattle and shipped them to St. Louis, handling about 10,000 head in all. Returning to Kansas City, he bought and shipped cattle to Chicago and New York. At that time there were but two packinghouses in Kansas City. Two years later he bought the first drove, ever driven from Oregon. They numbered 2,000 head, and were the heaviest lot of cattle which had ever passed through the western markets. After being driven so long a distance they were shipped from near Cheyenne to Kansas City. The lot was purchased in Idaho, for $75,000, thus bringing a larger piece than any other Oregon cattle ever brought. In 1878, Mr. Allen formed a partnership with Wilson and Fenlon, of Leavenworth, Kansas, and took a contract to furnish government beef and stock cattle to the Indians. The firm, under the name of Wilson, Fenlon & Company, furnished to the Kiowas, Comanches, Wichitas, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Osages, Pawnees, Poncas, and several other tribes of the Indian Territory. The contracts required about 20,000 head within Indian Territory, and at Rosebush agency, Dakota, 11,000 Most of the cattle were driven from South of the Red River. Mr. Allen did the greatest part of the actual work, driving the stock and delivering them to their respective destinations. For 6 years, Mr. Allen gave to this contract his exclusive attention. This connection being severed in 1884, our subject went to New York and sold for E. B. Herold and E. J. Ikard, a ranch in Greer county, Texas, containing 68,000 head of cattle, with horses, etc., at $22.50 per head, amounting to $1,400,000. The sale was made to the Franklin Land and Cattle Company, of New York, controlled by Charles Franklin, executor of the late Edwin Cunard, of the Cunard line of steamers. This was the largest sale made up to that time and resulted in a handsome commission for Mr. Allen. In 1885 our subject invested in a 500-acre farm 12 miles South of Kansas City and stocked it with a superior breed of shorthorns. These he cared for exclusively, and at the end of three years sold them at a handsome profit. In 1887 he sold his farm, having two years previously taken another Indian contract, furnishing to the Apaches at San Carlos and Fort Apache, of Arizona, 4,000 head of cattle. On the first of June, 1887, Mr. Allen was married to Miss Mary Lee Arkins, daughter of Judge R. S. Adkins, ex-county judge and ex-postmaster of Kansas City. The remainder of the summer Mr. and Mrs. Allen spent in Europe, visiting all the places of interest, which struck their fancy. Mr. Allen has traveled extensively in the United States, especially in the South and West, where he went in the interests of the Kansas City stockyards. In politics he is a republican, though formerly a democrat. The tariff question, to which he has given thought and attention, and, as he says the incompetency of the democratic party, have changed his opinion and made him a republican on that issue. He takes an active interest in city affairs, but avoids holding office, preferring rather to use his influence in establishing men in office whose capabilities he modestly considers superior to his own. He has one son, John Robert Allen, a lad of seven years, whose education he has decided shall be of a practical character. He wisely argues that the most finished education, if not adapted to use, is worse than none at all, and he intends to avoid any such contingency in the molding of his son's future. ALFRED GREGORY Of the firm of Beardsley, Gregory & Flannelly, attorneys at law, Kansas City, is a native of the Peninsular state, born in the classic city of Ann Arbor, August 17, 1858. He is a son of John M. Gregory, who was born in Sand Lake, New York. John M. Gregory went to Michigan in the early settlement of that state, and was for a number of years the state superintendent of public instruction. Later he moved to Illinois and became president of the University of Illinois, which important position he efficiently filled for a number of years. During President Arthur's administration he was a civil service commissioner. At the present time he resides in Washington, District of Columbia, and is president of the civic federation of that city. To him and his estimable wife seven children were born, five of who are now living. Alfred Gregory, the subject of this brief review, was educated in the University of Illinois at Champaign, and was graduated in 1878. He then secured an appointment as private secretary to the commissioners sent by the State of Illinois to the world's fair in Paris, and spent five months in France, assisting in the preparation of the commissioner's report upon the industries of that country. He returned to Illinois and went into a wholesale house as salesman, where he remained over a year. The life of a merchant was distasteful to him, and he began the study of the law; this, however, was interrupted by a trip to New Mexico and Arizona, which, as chance would have it, lengthened out into a two-years stay. His collegiate course had been full of mathematics, and one or two vacations had been spent on the lake survey and with railroad surveyors, so that he was invited to go out to New Mexico first as assistant to the bridge engineer of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, an old college friend, and soon afterward “inherited” from this friend his position as engineer. For two happy and vigorous years, under canvas by night and in the saddle by day, the young man enjoyed the exciting life of the frontier. His law studies were resumed in 1881, when he took a course in Columbia Law School in New York City. Immediately after this he went to Atlanta, Georgia, where he was admitted to the bar. He became associated there with Benj. H. Hill, Jr., and remained in Atlanta till January, 1887, when he removed again to his native west, and made his home in Kansas City. Upon his arrival here he entered into a partnership with Henry M. Beardsley, with whom his friendship dated back to boyhood and college days. In his profession he has already won a commendable degree of success, and is one of the busy men and safe counselors of the Kansas City bar. He finds time to do his share of public work when called upon, and is a director of the Art Association and of the Street Boys' Club, and a member of the First Congregational church. He was married to Josephine Karnes in 1892, and they have one child, a boy named Joseph Van Clief. ALEXANDER PROCTER Pastor of the Christian Church in Independence, Missouri, has spent nearly half a century in the work of the ministry, and, although he has passed his three-score and ten years, he is still on the sunny side of life, his genial presence giving evidence of the fact that he has mastered the art of growing old gracefully. Mr. Procter was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, April 1, 1825, son of Rowland T. Procter and grandson of George Procter, the former born in Fayette county, Kentucky, in June 1800, and the latter a native of Culpeper county, Virginia. George Procter immigrated with his family from the Old Dominion to Kentucky at an early day and made settlement in Fayette county, where he passed the residue of his life and died. He was a veteran of the Revolutionary war, was under General LaFayette, and was a participant in the battle of Yorktown. When General LaFayette visited this country in 1825 and stopped in Kentucky, his greeting to George, as he called him, was most cordial. The mother of our subject was before her marriage Miss Diana Chapman. She was born in Cumberland county, Kentucky, about 1803, and died in Randolph county, Missouri in 1861. In their family were eleven children, seven sons and 4 daughters, all of whom reached maturity. Alexander was their second son. On his father's farm in Kentucky, Alexander Proctor spent the first 11 years of his life. Then the family removed to Randolph county, Missouri, and settled near Moberly, where the father entered government land. Here young Proctor assisted in the clearing and improving of two farms, one of 380 acres and the other comprising 120 acres. Thus was his time occupied until his 19th year, and his educational advantages during that time were necessarily limited. He was then sent East to Bethany College, in Virginia, where he spent four years and graduated in 1848. After his graduation he returned to his home in Missouri, and in the Fall of that same year was called to the pastorate of the South Street Christian church, in Lexington, Missouri, where he remained for 2 years, or until the Fall of 1850, the church prospering greatly under his ministrations. In 1850 he resigned his charge there and accepted a call to the Christian church in Glasgow, Missouri, where he labored most efficiently and acceptably until the Fall of 1856, during this period also doing a large amount of outside work, such as preaching and organizing churches in various places throughout the country. In the Fall of 1856, in answer to a call of the Christian church in St. Louis (there being only one Christian church in that city then), he went there. His duties, however, as pastor of that large congregation were too heavy for one of his constitution, and on account of failing heath he resigned his charge, in the Fall of 1860, after a successful pastorate of 4 years. His next charge was at Independence. Ever since 1860 (with the exception of 2 years during the war, on account of General Schofield's famous order “No. 11”), he has labored in the vineyard of the Lord at this place, choosing to remain here notwithstanding the fact that he has had flattering calls from New York, Cincinnati and other places, and offered handsome salaries. His whole ministerial career has been characterized by deep earnestness and incessant toil, and a love for the work of the Master, and his labors have been crowned with substantial success. He is well known throughout Jackson and adjoining counties, not only in his own denomination but also in all Christian churches regardless of creed. Out of his church in Independence there have been 4 churches organized in adjacent territory. The church over which he presides has a membership of 600. As the work has grown too arduous for one pastor, and especially for one of his advanced years, an associated pastor was engaged in the Fall of 1895 to assist Mr. Proctor. Thus, with work lightened, this worthy divine remains to minister to the people he has learned to love, and in whose hearts he has a warm place. Mr. Proctor was married in St. Francois county, Missouri, August 29, 1859, to Mrs. Caroline (Shaw) Prewitt, a native of that county, born February 10, 1829. She was the widow of Mr. Joel Prewitt and a daughter of William Shaw, one of the old settlers of St. Francois county, his located here being as early as 1812. Mr. Shaw lived to be 96 years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Procter are the parents of 4 children, Mary S., wife of C. R. Thompson, an attorney of Astoria, Oregon; Rowland T., a civil engineer and surveyor; Stella, wife of J. H. Montague, Independence; and Emma, wife of W. N. Southern, Jr. HON. JOSEPH WAYNE MERCER Biographical history teaches us that a great many men have lived to whom obstacles seemed to be a help rather than a hindrance. The greater the barriers, the stronger their resolutions and the more earnestly they struggle on to success. Just such men live now and the lesson of their lives cannot be put too early or too prominently before the world. Unforseen emergencies have developed their character, tested their pluck, inventive resources and judicious endurance. The accounts of the careers of such men grace the annals of every state. The subject of this sketch is a conspicuous example of this class. He has built for himself - built nobly and broadly. A native son of Missouri, he has always been deeply interested in the progress and upbuilding of his state and belongs to that class who while advancing their individual prosperity have aided in the material welfare of the community. Mr. Mercer, whose home is now in Independence, was born in Platte City, Missouri, February 25, 1845, and is a son of Thomas W. Mercer, a native of Washington county, Tennessee, who in that state married Miss Henrietta Dukes, a native of Washington county, Virginia. By occupation he was a contractor and builder. In 1838 he came with his family to Missouri, locating near Lee's Summit, Jackson county, where he followed farming and contracting. His last days were spent in Independence, where he passed away in 1876. In December, 1883, his wife departed this life, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. L. N. Brunswig, of Fort Worth, Texas. Mr. Mercer of this review was reared in the usual manner of farmer lads, early becoming familiar with the duties that fall to the lot of the agriculturist and acquiring his preliminary education in the ordinary schools of Prairie township, Jackson county. Desiring a more advanced eduation, however, in 1858 he entered the collage at Chapel Hill, LaFayette county, Missouri, and pursued a regular course until the breaking out of the civil war. He then enlisted in Colonel Elliott's battalion of the state guards, and participated in the battle of Lexington, when Colonel Mulligan of the United States forces surrendered to Major General Price. In this engagement he was wounded in the leg and was incapacitated for active service for several months. Recovering from the effects of his wound he rejoined his battalion and was made first sergeant of his company. He saw active duty in Arkansas and Tennessee, and while at Memphis was taken so seriously ill that he was detained there for a considerable time. Regaining his health he joined company G, 10th Missouri cavalry, as a private, and in the battle that occurred at Pine Bluff, October 25, 1863, he was placed in the front as a sharpshooter, and while gallantly engaging the enemy was very severely wounded, in consequence of which he was obliged to submit to the amputation of his right arm. A vigorous constitution and a resolute will soon restored him to his wonted health, but he was physically disabled for further active service in the field. His gallantry was recognized by the government and he was placed in the commissary department with the rank of captain, which position he held until the war closed. In 1865, Captain Mercer returned to Independence. Being then but 20 years of age he reviewed his studies, under Professor George S. Brant, and became a student in Jones' Commercial College, of St. Louis, where he completed the regular course and was graduated. For a short time he taught in a public near Independence, and at the same time instructed an evening class in bookkeeping and commercial law. During his short experience as a teacher he acquired an excellent reputation as well as making a financial success, for within 1 year he saved $600, which formed the nucleus of his present comfortable fortune. His next venture was in the real estate and insurance business, and prosperity again attended his efforts. He made judicious investments in real estate, and his sound judgment and foresight enabled him to place his capital so as to yield good returns. There is a tide in the affairs of men Which taken at the flood leads on to fortune. Mr. Mercer probably did not take his business cue in life from Brutus, but it is safe to say that he possessed so keen and intuitive sense of the ebb and flow of life's currents that he took them “at the flood.” So, in the full power and bright zenith of self-reliant manhood, he occupies today a proud place among the eminent and popular business men of Missouri. His real estate speculations were continued with success, and in 1876 he became one of the banking firm of Anderson, Hughes & Company. Early in 1878, however, he disposed of his interests, and about 2 years later became a member of the wholesale grocery house of Kansas City, conducted under the name of Beckham, Mercer & Company, in which concern he is still a partner. In 1891, when the First National Bank of Independence was organized, he was elected its vice-president, and is also largely interested in real estate, not only in Independence and Kansas City, but also is the owner of several fine farms in Jackson County. On the 18th of May, 1870, Mr. Mercer was united in marriage with Miss Laura, daughter of Beal and Corrinne (Ratcliffe) Greene, natives of Kentucky, who became residents of Jackson county in 1837. Mr. and Mrs. Mercer have had 6 children, 4 of whom are living: Annie, now the wife of B. A. Bartlett, the present assistant prosecuting attorney; Etta V.; Mary H.; Katie L., and Alice R.; Corrinne is deceased. Mr. Mercer has always been connected with the democratic party, but is not strictly partisan, and has been honored with various political offices. In the summer of 1872 he was a member of the Independence city council, and in November of the same year was elected county treasurer. In 1873 he became a candidate for the democratic nomination for state treasurer. He made a thorough canvass of the state, and had to contend against several recognized leaders of his party. He labored under more than one disadvantage. He was living on the western border of Missouri and had been little known as a political aspirant in the state; was not 30 years old; had held no position of prominence except that of treasurer of his county, and not being a public speaker had not attended state political conventions. Yet with all these difficulties he successfully contended, and was nominated and elected by the democratic party to the office of state treasurer, being the youngest man who ever held that position in Missouri. He, however, discharged his duties with fidelity and success for two years, and during that period the bonds of the state advanced from 95 to 107. He won the approval of members of his own and the opposing parties by his able management of affairs, and retired from the office with an honorable record. He then devoted his energies alone to the pursuits of private life until 1892, when he was chosen Mayor of Independence and acceptably served in that position for 2 years. In all the relations of life he has proven himself faithful to the trusts reposed in him, and no taint of dishonor shadows his record. He now resides at his beautiful estate, surrounded by an interesting family and the refinements of an elegant home, enjoying the confidence of his fellow citizens to a marked degree. ISAAC M. RIDGE, M.D. In the history of Kansas City no one has borne a more creditable part then the gentleman whose name introduces this review. For almost half a century he has lived in this locality. From the days when this region, now occupied by substantial buildings, magnificent homes and churches, large industries and fine mercantile houses, was a wild forest, rough and heavily timbered, through which the Indians yet frequently traveled and camped on begging tours, the Doctor located here, and from that hour to this has taken an advanced stand in favor of development and improvement. Educational, social and moral interests have been promoted through his efforts, and the material welfare of the city owes much to him. Loyal to every duty, he is a valued citizen, and an upright, honorable man, whose career demonstrates what can be accomplished by persistent effort, energy and earnest endeavor. The Doctor was born in Adair county, Kentucky, on the 9th of July, 1825. His father was of Welsh and Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. The great-grandfather of our subject removed from Wales, his native land, on account of his religious views, and, crossing the Atlantic to America in the latter part of the 17th or early part of the 18th century, he landed either in North Carolina or Virginia, in which region many of his descendants are yet living. The grandfather, William Ridge, was probably a soldier in the Revolutionary war. In pioneer days he removed to Kentucky, where for some years he carried on farming. His family numbered 6 sons, and after his death, 3 of the number were bound out to trades. The maternal grandfather of the Doctor was Champ Dillingham, a native of North Carolina, who on the paternal side descended from a Highland Scotch family. He aided in driving the Indians from Kentucky, and was indentified with much of the pioneer history of that state. In manner he was very reserved and quiet, a great lover of books and a very hightly educated man. His father was a Scotch Baptist preacher, and his wife, a Miss Bailey, came of French Huguenot stock. In 1834, Dr. Ridge accompanied his parents on their removal to Missouri, where the Doctor's boyhood days were in part spent on the farm and in the blacksmith shop. He went to a private school six months in the year, and the remainder of his time was spent at hard labor. He became familiar with the modes of farming, and also a good mechanic; and even after beginning practice he could as readily shoe a horse as set a limb, or sharpen a plow as well as a surgeon's knife, and even did so after coming to Kansas City. After attending the common schools he completed the high school course in Dover, this state. He then took up the study of medicine under the instructions of Dr. Il S. Warren, of that town, and subsequently entered Transylvania University, at Lexington, Kentucky, in the medical department of which institution he graduated in 1848, with the honors of his class. Soon afterward he came to Kansas City. The Indians that visited and traded at the little hamlet far outnumbered the white settlers, and it was indeed the western frontier - wild and unimproved. With wonderful foresight, however, he believed that the future would bring a development that would transform the rude hamlet into a place of importance. Accordingly he opened an office at what is now the corner of Main street and the levee, and entered upon the practice of his chosen profession. The demands for his services were by no means frequent in those early days, for the population was yet too limited, and the Indians preferred to take their own remedies. But he watched and waited for the time when business would increase, and such was his treatment of the Wyandotte Indians that he won their warm friendship, and was by them given the name of “Little Thunder,” an honor conferred upon but few white settlers in that day. He gained a powerful influence over them, which also extended to other bands of savages who ranged over western Missouri and eastern Kansas. In June, 1849, Dr. Ridge suffered an attack of cholera, and it was thought that he could not live. A messenger was dispatched on a very fleet horse for Dr. Robinson, and the distance of 110 miles was covered in about 12 hours. The doctor at once hastened to the bedside of his fellow practitioner, with whom he remained for 36 hours, at the end of which time he left him, saying that there was no chance of his recovery! During the gold fever in California, Dr. Robinson went to the Pacific slope, and after his return to Kansas in the later part of 1853 was elected the first governor of that state. In 1861, during the progress of the war, he made a trip to his old home in Massachusetts, and on again coming to the West made the trip up the river from St. Louis. The boat on which he had taken passage was captured near Napoleon, some miles below Kansas City, and the governor was made a prisoner. News of the capture was telegraphed to Dr. Ridge, who, not forgetting the kindness that he had received at the hands of Dr. Robinson during the cholera epidemic, saddled his horse and rode all night, arriving just in time to save Governor Robinson from an untimely death by hanging at the hands of some of the desperadoes of the South! Thus after several years he was able to return the kindness which had formerly been rendered him. An era of westward emigration began in 1849 in this locality, and during the next 6 years the city grew with almost phenomenal rapidity, while the land was entered as claims and transformed into farms. It was now that the Doctor's business began to assume extensive proportions and calls for his services came from a wide area, so that he was often compelled to ride from 100 to 150 miles on horseback in 24 hours! His financial resources therefore increased, and he became the possessor of a handsome competence. His travels also made him familiar with the best location of valuable land, and from time to time he made judicious investments, which as the years have passed have brought to him a fortune. Every variety of practice came to him in connection with his professional life, and the excellent successes which attended his efforts gave evidence of a skill and ability that have won him a place among the most eminent practitioners west of the Mississippi river. He was numbered among the most expert surgeons in the West, and has also been very successful in general practice, especially in the treatment of pneumonia. No section of the country was more involved in the troubles that preceded and attended the opening of the civil war than Kansas. Through these trying periods the doctor was frequently compelled to occupy peculiar and often dangerous positions, yet he frequently assumed the role of “mutual friend” and healed mental as well as physical wounds, smoothing over personal difficulties between old-time acquaintances. This arose purely from an unselfish desire to do away with the wrong and evil that was often too pronounced; but he made innumerable friends, and in consequence his patronage greatly increased until he was at the head of a very extensive and lucrative business. In 1860 trouble again broke out afresh, and he was a second time forced into the position of mediator, this time both as friend and adviser for each side, the union and Confederate. In 1861 there was no other practicing physician in this section, and many a time at the risk of his own life he has given aid to assist a helpless one, extending his kindness to both the wearer of the blue and the gray. On other occasions, such was the lawless condition of the country, he was forced to give his medical service by those who would go to his home and with assumed or real military authority demand his aid for their friends. He has been blindfolded and the bandages not removed from his eyes until he would go to administer the needed medicine. He has been taken from and returned to his home blindfolded, having no clew whatever as to where he had been except from the knowledge of faces when his blind was taken off. The scenes through which he passed at that time if graphically told in detail would be as interesting and thrilling as any which are found upon the pages of “dime novel” literature, and furthermore would be fact instead of fiction! At length the troublous period was over and the doctor was free to give his time and attention as he willed to his business interests. He made extensive purchases of real estate, and the rapid rise in land values consequent on the rapidly developing population brought him a handsome income. He erected his first residence in front of the custom-house, and it was then considered one of the finest in the city. He at one time owned 84 acres of land bounded on the West by Woodlawn avenue, on the North by 19th street, on the East by Wabash avenue and on the South by 22nd street. This he has inpart divided among the children and it is today a very valuable property. He still, however, owns the West half of the original 84 acres, upon which is situated his magnificent residence, known as “Castle Ridge.” This commands a beautiful view of the city and surrounding country in every direction. Near by are the lovely homes that he has erected for his children. His own palatial abode is in the form of a Greek cross, in architecture combines the Tuscan and Corinthian styles. It is one of the finest residences in the city, richly and tastefully furnished and adorned with all the beautiful works that wealth can procure and art can devise. The doctor is a man of domestic tastes and find his greatest enjoyment in the midst of his family. In 1850 he was happily married to Miss Eliza A. Smart, daughter of Judge T. A. Smart, of Kansas City, now deceased. She was a lady of rate domestic accomplishments and charitably inclined; and her kindness, benevolence and many other excellencies of character, won her the love and esteem of all. She died a number of years ago, and three of her five children are yet living, namely: William E. and Thomas S., both prominent businessmen of Kansas City; and Mrs. Sophie Lee Lakeman. In 1882, Dr. Ridge was joined in wedlock with Miss May D. Campbell, daughter of Bartley Campbell, a pioneer commercial man of Cincinnati. He was the first man to put on a night force in his packing-house in that city, and the first machinery used in the slaughtering department, and was also the originator of sugar-cured hams. Mrs. Ridge possesses superior musical talent, both as a vocalist and pianist, and for two years sang frequently in the prisons of Ohio and Pennsylvania, where, to those men shut off from all the pleasures of life, her singing was a rare treat, as indeed it is in any gathering. Her rare musical talent has gained her a wide reputation and made her a great favorite both in this city and Cincinnati, and she is known from ocean to ocean on account of her musical powers. She was appointed by the state of Missouri as one of the directors of music at the World's Fair in Chicago in 1893. For some years she was an educator in both vocal and instrumental music, for two and a half years was a vocal teacher in the Christian College at Columbia, Missouri, and was also director of music in the State University at Columbia. She has no superior in the west as a high soprano singer, and her services have been sought by some of the best educational institutions and finest churches in the country. When some charity makes these calls she frequently responds. The doctor has long been actively identified with the interests of the city, and among the latest improvements that he has added is the new Ridge building, which is recognized as one of the best office buildings west of the Mississippi. In 1891 he began the erection of a large building fronting both on Walnut and Main streets. The section fronting on Main street, however, was not commenced until the summer of 1893. The Walnut street building contains about 100 rooms, and the 2nd story is used for office purposes, but the 3rd and 4th floors are devoted to the Masonic fraternity. The Main street building is 6 stories in height and has about 200 office rooms, besides 6 large stores with basements. In the construction of this building the features considered most important were the lighting and ventilation of the rooms, and this has been accomplished. You see no dark, dingy or ill ventilated rooms in the entire building. The desirable location and the excellent appointments and equipments have made space in this building in great demand, and since its erection business activity in this locality has been greatly accelerated. The doctor has also established an electric plant which furnishes light and power for nearly the entire block as well as his own building. The beautiful new Ridge building stands as a monument to the enterprise of one who is recognized as a most progessive and public-spirited citizen. Dr. Ridge is an enthusiastic and zealous Freemason, and has taken all the degrees in Scottish and York rite Masonry excepting the thirty-third degree in the southern jurisdiction in Scottish rite Masonry. He is also a member of the Mystic Shrine, and his life typifies the underlying spirit of the order - benevolence. During the trying times preceding the war, the doctor was twice saved from death by the fact that he was a Mason. Though he took sides with neither political faction engaged in carrying on the war, such was the bitterness of feeling that if a man was not pronounced in his support of one faction he was supposed to be in league with the other, and on two different occasions the doctor owed his life to Masonic brethren. Both incidents were remarkable and deserving of preservation in this history. On one occasion a Prussian with a band of 30 followers went to the doctor's home with the intention of taking his life. It was about 10:00 at night and the doctor was milking in the barnyard when 4-5 of the crowd jumped over the fence and ordered him to arise. The doctor coolly replied, “It seems you are in a great hurry.” The men responded, “You had better be preparing for something else,” and again ordered him to arise. He obeyed and they marched him to the yard where a sight met his gaze that made his blood run cold with horror. He saw his wife and son, clad only in the night robes, standing surrounded by the villainous crowd which was eager to take the lives of their victims. The doctor comprehended the situation at a glance and immediately gave the grand hailing sign of distress of the Masons, which was answered by the little Prussian who could scarcely speak English. Being in command of the force, he then drew his sword from its scabbard, gave it a flourish and said, “This is not the man to kill,” The doctor was then given a chance to defend himself against his accusers, who had falsely informed on him. The result was that he was allowed to finish his milking and go to bed in peace. The second time his life was saved through Masonry was by the intervention of a man of probably more humble origin than the other, a colored barber, -- Louis Henderson - who was a native of Ohio and had never been a slave. For 5 years previous he had followed his calling in Kansas City. One day 2 men entered his shop to get shaved and there discussed a plot to kill a certain doctor. The barber was a Mason and recognized his customer as such. Therefore, before shaving him, he asked, “Who is this doctor you are going to kill?” The man replied, “It is Dr. Ridge. He can't live here any longer.” In answer Henderson responded, “Colonel -----, I can't shave you till you take back all you have said about Dr. Ridge; for he is a better Mason than you or I or any one else in this country, and has done more for the order than any man; and until you take back what you have said I can't shave you, sir.” Quite a protracted discussion followed, and at length the colonel gave his word of honor not to molest Dr. Ridge or to allow any of his company to do so; and from that time forward the colonel and his men were always friendly to the doctor. Dr. Ridge once served as councilman of Kansas City, and for several years was city physician, but has been in no way a politician. He retired from active practice about 1875 to give his attention to numerous other interests, and now, surrounded by all the comforts of life, he is spending his declining years in the enjoyment of a well earned rest. He has rounded the Psalmist's span of three-score years and ten, but such a man can never grow old. His hair may whiten, and his frame weaken, but his generosity, his kindliness, his many noble qualities remain unchanged as the years pass. He has ever been a man of broad and liberal views, believing that honesty and uprightness is the indication of true Christianity, regardless of church creeds. SAMUEL C. JAMES, M.D. Among those who are engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in Kansas City and who have gained for themselves a prominent place in the ranks of the fraternity, is this gentleman, whose reputation extends throughout the state. He was born in Franklin county, Virginia, June 16, 1854, and is one of the 8 children of Dr. Pyrant T. and Emma R. (Woods) James, also natives of Virginia. His paternal grandfather, Catlett James, was a native of the Old Dominion and of English descent. He cultivated a large plantation and died at an advanced age. The maternal grandfather, Samuel H. Woods, was also born in Virginia and was of English lineage. A well-known planter, by his capable management, enterprise and business ability be became wealthy. He also was a devout Christian and died at the age of 76 years. The father of our subject was a physician, and on leaving the state of his nativity in 1855 removed to Versailles, Missouri, where he engaged in the practice of medicine until 1861. He also served as a surgeon in the Confederate army from 1861 to 1864. In the year of 1864 he removed to Litchfield, Illinois, where he engaged in the practice of medicine until 1888, when he located in Holden, Missouri, his death occurring there in 1892, when he was aged 62 years. His wife still survives him, and now spends her winters in Florida, and the summer months at her home in Versailles, Missouri. Both were members of the Methodist church. Of their family of 5 sons and 3 daughters, 6 are yet living, namely: Percy C.; Samuel C.; May, wife of Green Lilly; Lena, wife of Lewis Farquhar, of Litchfield, Illinois; Sterling Price and Robert L. Ida, the third of the family, and the wife of Frank Hayden, is now deceased; also Willie, who was the youngest. Dr. Samuel C. James was brought to Missouri during his infancy, and at the age of 10 years accompanied his parents on their removal to Litchfield, Illinois, where he pursued his early education. He took up the study of medicine under the direction of his father and Dr. P. G. Woods, and subsequently entered the Missouri Medical College, of St. Louis. Later he was a student in the Rush Medical College, of Chicago, at which he was graduated in the class of 1882. Previous to that time, however, he had engaged in practice for several years. On leaving Chicago, he returned to Versailles, Missouri, where he made his home for a few months and then removed to Holden, Missouri, where he practiced until 1888. In that year he visited several of the hospitals of New York City, pursuing his investigations therein, and also took a course of lectures in the New York Polyclinic. In 1889 he opened an office in the Times building on Main street, Kansas City, where he has practiced continuously since. On the 2nd of October, 1883, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. James and Miss Lula Doran, daughter of B. F. Doran, of Cooper county, Missouri. Her mother bore the maiden name of Lucy Daniels. One child has been born of this union - a son, Percy. They have a beautiful home at No. 400 Wabash, which is the abode of hospitality and a favorite resort with their many friends. The doctor is a consistent member of the Methodist church, in which he has served as steward for ten years. In politics he is a democrat. A valued member of the Masonic fraternity, he belongs to Royal Arch chapter No. 28; Kansas City commandery, No. 10, K. T., and also Ararat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He has received all the degrees in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias, and held the office of coroner of Johnson county, but resigning in 1888, before removing to Kansas City. The doctor is a Fellow of the Academy of Medicine, a member of the county and the state medical societies, and is professor of theory and practice in the University Medical College, of Kansas City. He is also professor of general medicine in Scarritt Bible and Training School, is on the medical staff of the Scarritt Hospital and All Saints Hospital, and of the University Medical Dispensary Clinic, and is consulting physician for the Fort Scott & Memphis Railroad. The public and the profession both accorded him high rank as a physician. He has treated successfully some of the most difficult cases known to the profession, with most excellent results, and his reputation has been won solely through ability and merit. He wears his honors with graceful and becoming modesty, and is not given to boasting of his accomplishments. He is genial and pleasant in manner, of amiable disposition, broadminded and true, and altogether worthy of the high regard in which he is universally held. (The writer of the above article has known Dr. James from boyhood, and it is with great pleasure that he gives the above facts to the public). JUDGE LUTHER T. COLLIER There are few men who have attained the age of three-score years and ten who can claim the honor of being a native son of Missouri, but our subject was born in old Franklin, Howard county, December 16, 1825. Through a long and useful career he has aided in the development and upbuilding of his native state, and today he is numbered among the most honored residents of Kansas City. The Collier family originated in France, whence several of its members removed to England and tgheir descendants later came to the United States, locating in Virginia. From the Old Dominion there removed to Kentucky John Collier, who became one of the pioneers of the “dark and bloody ground.” The paternal grandfather of our subject, James Collier, was a native of Kentucky, and died when Lewis Collier, father of the judge, was only about 8 years of age. Later the son was apprenticed to a tanner at Richmond, Kentucky. Subsequently he went to Missouri, and afterward engaged in lead-mining at Galena, Illinois, selling his ore in St. Louis. Prior to that time, however, he made several trips across the plains to New Mexico with several wagon loads of goods. After working in the lead mines for a time, Mr. Collier removed to Randolph county, Missouri, in 1829, carrying on a tan-yard there and making considerable money. As opportunity offered he made judicious investments in land, until he became the owner of several large farms which he operated with slave labor, raising tobacco, which he shipped to the city markets. He was a man of robust constitution and of a very energetic and industrious nature. In 1852 he purchased a large tract of land in Livingston county, 7 miles East of Chillicothe, where he erected an extensive saw and grist mill, carrying on business there up to the time of his death, which occurred March 12, 1881, in the 79th year of his age. The mother of our subject, who was a faithful member of the Baptist church, died October 15, 1865, in her 64th year. The father afterward married Esther Wheeler, who is now living in Wheeler, Missouri. On the maternal side the Judge is also descended from an old Kentucky family. His maternal grandfather, Abner Cornelius, was a native of North Carolina, and at an early day went to Madison county, Kentucky. He married a Miss Richardson, and there spent his remaining days, his death occurring at the age of 70 years. One of his children still survives - Mrs. Mary Basket - who in her 96th year is now living in Callao, Missouri. Judge Collier, of this review, was reared in Randolph county, Missouri, acquired his early education in the common schools, and worked as a farm hard, also aided in the labors of the tannery. Subsequently he attended the State university at Columbia, Missouri. He pursued a 4 year course and was graduated in the summer of 1846, being the valedictorian of his class. While in college he won the friendship and respect of both teachers and pupils, and was a favorite of all with whom he came in social contact. Having determined to devote his energies to the practice of law, Judge Collier was found as a law student in the office of Judge William T. Wood, of Lexington, Missouri. Late in the fall of 1847 he went to St. Louis, Missouri, and entered the office of Gamble & Bates, a law firm composed of Hamilton R. Gamble, war governor of Missouri, and Ed. Bates, attorney general during the first term of President Lincoln's administration. After thorough preparation he was admitted to the bar, in St. Louis, in 1851. Judge Collier began practice in St. Louis, but his health failed there and he returned to his old home in Huntsville, Randolph county, where he practiced for a year. He then removed to Chillicothe, Missouri, where he remained until coming to Kansas City, on the 1st of October, 1887. Here he has since made his home and is an honored citizen of the community. On the 13th of June, 1856, Judge Collier was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Fuqua, daughter of Captain Samuel Fuqua, of Logan county, Kentucky. Her death occurred in October, 1884. She was a most estimable lady, highly esteemed for her many excellencies of charactger, and her circle of friends was extensive. The Judge holds membership in the Cumberland Presbyterian church of Westport. In early life he was a whig in politics, but is now a supporter of the democracy. He was a member of the school board of Chillicothe, serving one term, and was a member of the board of curators of the State University, to which position he was appointed by Governor Hardin, and the appointment was confirmed by the senate before Mr. Collier had any knowledge of it. In the Fall of 1882 he was elected a member of the legislature of Missouri from Livingston county and served in the 32nd general assembly. While the Judge was a boy at school and at college he was always a close student and thorough in his work, and the same characteristic has marked his public and professional career. He has lived in Missouri all his life, and has seen it developed from a wilderness to its present glorious civilization and wonderful magnitude, beauty and power. He is a kindhearted and social gentleman, belonging to the old school, where men were measured by their real worth and manly character rather than the length of their purse. He now has a competency, which supplies him with the comforts of life and is very vigorous and active for one of his years. His disposition is a cheerful and happy one and his soul is full of sunshine. HON. FRANCIS MARION BLACK Who for 10 years sat upon the supreme bench of Missouri, stands conspicuously high among the most able members of the bar of the state. No citizen in the commonwealth has retired from office with a cleaner record or higher respect that Judge Black. His splendid success has been achieved entirely through his own efforts. He wears his honors modestly. The salient characteristics by which he is recognized in his unswerving fidelity to duty. He was born on a farm in Champaign county, Ohio, July 24, 1836, the son of Peter and Marie (Hilliard) Black, the former a native of Pennsylvania, the latter of Vermont. At an early day his parents emigrated westward, locating in Champaign county, Ohio, where the father purchased and developed a tract of land. In their family were 4 sons and 3 daughters, and of his number 3 are now living, namely: Lydia, wife of Thomas Archer, who resides in Ohio; Elias, who owns and manages the old Ohio homestead, and Francis M., of this sketch. The future Judge began his education in the district schools near his home, the schoolhouse being a rude structure built of logs and furnished with primitive equipments. There he pursued his studies until 18 years of age. Vacations were spent in work on the farm. Two sons of the family died in infancy, and as the remaining brother was in ill health the greater part of the time, much of the labor and responsibility of the farm devolved upon Francis. His taste, however, was not for agricultural pursuits. He possessed a strong desire to secure further educational privileges and gladly pursued a one year's course in a high school of Urbana, Ohio. After attaining his majority he entered Farmers' College, of College Hill, Ohio, where he remained three years, pursuing a full course in mathematics, natural science, mental and moral philosophy, and a limited course in Latin. He paid his tuition and other expenses at thie institution from the sale of wheat raised on 10 acres of ground donated by his father for this purpose, planting and harvesting the wheat himself during his vacations, and thus made his college education possible. During his college course the president called upon him to take charge of a class in Olmsted's philosophy. The study was completed with credit to the instructor and with credit to the college. It was the intention of Judge Black's father, when his son finished his college course that he should become a farmer, and offered to assist him in the purchase of a farm. Francis, however, had fully determined to enter upon the study of law. His father became very much enraged at this opposition to his own plans and predicted Francis would make a failure in the law. The result, assuredly, has proved otherwise. Nature evidently intended Francis Black for the legal profession. It was a wise choise he made when he entered upon the preparation for this calling. He began the study of law under the direction of General John H. Young, of Urbana, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of that state in 1864. Believing the west would prove a better field for his labors he removed to Kansas City, Missouri, in the same year, -- a young man full of energy and with a laudable ambition and courageous spirit. Since that time his fortunes have been identified with this city. The building up of a practice by a young lawyer is generally slow, but merit and hard work were rewarded, and, in the course of a few years, he became recognized as one of the most able members of the bar of Missouri. While in full practice he was called to the circuit judgeship in 1880, and was confessedly one of the ablest circuit judges in the state. In 1884, before the end of his term, he was elected to the supreme bench for a ten-year term, and during 1893-4 was chief justice of Missouri. He was re-nominated for the same position, without solicitation and without a competitor for the place - the first instance of the kind in the history of this state. No higher testimonial of his ability could be given, or of the appreciation of the public for his services. His decisions are models of judicial soundness and will rank among the best ever delivered in any state. It may be justly said without disparagement to others, that in mental endowment and in legal equipment he has rarely had a equal. Some of the most difficult cases ever before a supreme court for decision were brought to trial during his term upon the bench. These included the famous land cases in the city of St. Louis, one of which had been pending in the courts for a period of 40 years, and had been 3 times reversed by the supreme court. The titles involved in these cases extended back into the Spanish and French times and involved the ownership of a large amount of property now embraced within the most popular residence district in St. Louis. The title on one side was Spanish and French concessions, and on the other New Madrid earthquake certificates. Judge Black's practice at the bar covered a wide range, embracing commercial, corporation and land law and all the departments of equity, in all of which he ranked among the first lawyers in the state. His characteristics as a lawyer are thorough and exhaustive learning, acute and wide-reaching perception, sound and accurate judgment and absolute integrity of purpose and conduct in life. His intellectual powers are of the highest order, allied with a practical judgment and the soundest of common sense, -- a manhood that is ideal in the independence of its character and the courageousness of its convictions. As a judge he earned the appellation which was given to Aristides, which with his other qualifications make his official career a model for his successors. Take him in combinatgion, he has hardly had his equal in the state, either as a lawyer or judge, and as a man his character has always been above reproach. In public trusts and in private station alike he has always had the respect, confidence and reverence of all whose opinions are of value. Judge Black was married in 1867, to Miss Susan Barnes Geiger, the accomplished and culture daughter of Dr. Albertus Geiger, formerly a well-known physician of Dayton, Ohio. In social life Judge Black lays aside the dignity of the bench, the ceremonious formality of the courtroom, and becomes a courteous, genial gentleman, with the faculty of placing at their ease those who approach him. JUDGE S. P. TWISS The book of life which registers every occurrence in the career of Judge Stephen Prince Twiss, is replete with the history of nearly 70 years of honorable usefulness. The opening pages state that he was born in Charlton, Massachusetts, May 2, 1827, his parents being James J. and Elsie (Prince) Twiss, of Worcester county, Massachusetts. One brother, Amos Freeman, died December 25, 1895, at Worcester, Massachsetts; and 1 sister, Abbie Davis, now Mrs. George H. Brewer, of Ashton, Illinois, completed, with himself, the family circle. James Twiss, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was of English parentage, but was born in the Bay state. He followed agricultural pursuits throughout his life and died at his old home, at the advanced age of 80 years. He had 5 children, one of whom was our subject's father. On the maternal side of the house the grandfather was Stephen Prince, and active, energetic farmer and a great student of the Bible. He took much much interest in the public affairs of the town of Oxford, Worcester county, where he lived over half a century. He too was almost 80 years of age at the time of his demise. Reared on a farm and surrounded by deeply religious influences the Judge passed his childhood. At 15 years of age he began to work for neighboring farmers in the summer and attended school in the winter. At 18 years of age he learned the carpenter's trade, and by following this occupation through the summer he was enabled to spend 5 terms in study at the Leicester Academy. At 21 years of age he secured a position in a produce commission store in Boston, which belonged to his uncle, Stephen Prince, and during the winters of 1848, 1849 and 1850 he taught in a country school. While still a lad a prophetic shadow of his future greatness cast itself before his friends' visions and awakened to activity a longing to reach out and grasp the honors which he felt someday would be granted him. The law seemed a great attraction to him, as he grew older he became convinced that in that direction lay his best chances for working out his career. From the time that this decision was made he lost no opportunity to read of legal matters and kept his eyes open for any information which might be dropped in his presence. In May, 1850, he entered the Dane Law school, of Harvard University, and in March 1853, was duly admitted to practice. In Worcester he began the practice of his chosen profession, remaining there until November, 1865. His ability was recognized at once, and in December, 1862, he was elected to the city council. This position he resigned in January, on being elected city solicitor, the law being such that he could not hold both offices at once. Fortune favored him, and a number of most important cases for the city were disposed of, to the people's entire satisfaction. He was re-elected to this office, and, it is needless to say, discharged his duties with markedfidelity. In November, 1856, Mr. Twiss had been elected to the legislature of Massachusetts, serving in the session of 1857, when he embraced the opportunity to vote for Charles Sumner, who was at that time re-elected to the United States senate. In the Fall of 1861, John A. Andrew, governor of Massachusetts, offered Mr. Twiss the command of a company to go to the war, which offer he accepted; but before arrangements were completed for raising the regiment the order was changed, as no more soldiers were then needed. He subsequently accepted a similar offer from the city government and was proceeding to raise his company when the adjutant general of the state informed the mayor of Worcester that there had been some mistake as to the number of men already raised by the city, and that it had already furnished 8 more men than its allotted portion; and upon the receipt of this information to further efforts were made. Later on, when Jackson's threatened invasion of Washington was causing considerable fear in the north, Judge Twiss was one of the 300 men raised in 2 days in Worcester, Massachusetts. They started to Washington and had proceeded as far as Boston when the news reached them that their services were not necessary, for the alarm of the threatened invasion was passed and the men were sent home. Although never going to the front, our subject had fully demonstrated his loyalty to the government and his willingness to serve his country. Believing the west would be the most favorable quarter for rapid advancement in his profession, Mr. Twiss removed to Kansas City in November, 1865, and has since been identified with its interests. Young men with more than ordinary cleverness and efficiency were held at a premium, and Mr. Twiss was not long in proving his ability. In November, 1872, he was elected to the lower house of the state legislature of Missouri, and so creditably did he perform his duties that he was twice re-elected, serving six years in all. In the spring of 1878, George M. Shelly was elected mayor of Kansas City, with a democratic council, Mr. Shelly being a democrat. Nevertheless, although Mr. Twiss is a republican, he was appointed by the mayor as city counselor and the appointment was confirmed by the council. During the time he held that office a large number of damage cases against the city were tried and only two verdicts were rendered against him. Some of these cases involved many thousands of dollars, and those he lost altogether cost the city only about $900.00 During the presidential campaign of 1880, Mr. Twiss was appointed associate justice of the supreme court of the territory of Utah, his term beginning January 1, 1881. He held the office for a little more than 4 years. After President Cleveland was elected, in 1884, and before he took office, the democratic territorial committee of Utah told our subject that if he would accept the re-appointment to the same office he was holding they would use their influence to see that he was not removed under a democratic administration. Soon after the expiration of his term he returned to Kansas City and resumed general law practice. To give an idea of his standing in the profession, his ability and the favorable judgment passed upon it, we copy from the Salt Lake Tribune a part of the report of the court proceedings of 1882: “His honor then delivered his charge to the grand jury, the general instructions being very explicit as to the specific duties and obligations imposed by law upon a jury of that class, defining every point in a very lucid manner. One of the points emphasized was their duty to inquire into willfully corrupt misconduct in office of the public officers of every description. He then adverted to the Edmunds bill, making use of the following language: “ 'Within the last year congress has legislated with special reference to this territory. It is my duty to call your attention to some of this legislation. The first section of the act of congress, approved March 22, 1882, known a the Edmunds bill, defines who is guilty of polygamy as follows: 'Every person who has a husband or wife living, who hereafter marries another, whether married or single, and any man who hereafter simultaneously or on the same day marries more than one woman, is guilty of polygamy, and prescribes the punishment for this odious crime. The third section provides that if any male person hereafter cohabits with more than one woman he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and prescribes punishment for this office.' “ 'It is as much your duty to investigate violations of these provisions of law as any other. Your belief as to the injustice or justice of this law has nothing to do with your duties as grand jurors. You cannot violate the oaths you have taken simply because you may not believe the law is just or proper. The congress of the United States is a law-making power which you and I, court and jury alike, are bound under the sacred obligations of our official oaths to respect. The constitution of the United States and the acts of congress duly passed in pursuance thereof are the paramount laws of the land, and when we are required in pursuance of official duties, in due form of law imposed upon us, under the obligations of the oaths we have taken, to execute them, we cannot, as good citizens, true to our country, 'attached to the principles of the constitution of the United States and well disposed to the peace and good order of the same,' refuse to perform plain and well defined duties simply because we may not approve or are opposed to such laws. Your duties are of the utmost importance, and at times you may find them difficult. You stand between the people, the government on one side and the accused on the other, and you are required to act with fairness to all; you have not only a power, but a trust is given you which you cannot afford to abuse. It may be your duty to refuse to fnd an indictment against an enemy; it may be your duty to indict a friend; but be it friend or foe whose case you are investigating, you will not, I trust, be governed by personal feeling or inclinations of any kind whatever, either for or against any person. That you will enter upon and perform the duties before you guided by an intelligent conscience in the performance of all that the law and your oaths require of you, is my desire and expectation.' “ As there were some men on the jury who were naturalized citizens the reference to attachment to the principles of the constitution of the United States, etc., was apt and timely, as it was a part of the oath which such person took at the time they became citizens, and it undoubtedly had some effect with some of the jurors. The case of Cannon vs. Thomas was one of great interest to the people of the territory and especially to the people of Salt Lake City. It was a mandamus in which Cannon, the relator, claimed that he had been elected delegate to congress by a large majority and that the governor had refused to give him a certificate of election, praying for a peremptory writ of mandamus directing the governor to give the certificate of election to Cannon. It was thoroughly argued and the excitement of the people of Salt Lake City was at fever heat. The court denied the writ, and in the somewhat lengthy opinion he used the following language: “If the duty of the governor in determining who has the greatest number of votes thrown by the qualified voters of the territory is not a judicial act, it is far from being ministerial; it is at least an executive duty of a political character which may at times require the best and soundest discretion.” This opinion was, of couse, fiercely attacked by the Mormon press and many of the people of that faith. On the other side it was faithfully defended by the Gentile press, and the Salt Lake Tribune said: “Of the decision itself too much praise cannot be given. It shows with what a conscientious desire to do exact justice Judge Twiss undertook to perform his duty and with what masterful ability he reached his conclusions. While the friends of Mr. Cannon are disappointed at the result we do not see how any one who will read the conclusions of his Honor can fail to realize their absolute correctness. It takes a higher plane than ordinary decisions. It gives to even the ordinary reader an idea that the law is an exact science and furnishes an example of a problem that could have but one solution.” Judge Twiss' bearing while on the bench was always dignified and pleasing to the bar and all parties in court. He was always patient with others and painstaking and explicit in the routine duties of this position, and in the investigation of the facts sometimes almost inextricably involved with error. Judge Twiss was married February 16, 1870, at Somerset, Massachusetts, to Miss Louisa Woodbury Clark, daughter of Rev. Nelson and Elizabeth (Gillman) Clark. Her father was then pastor of the Congregational church at Somerset, Massachusetts. Mrs. Twiss died at Kansas City about five months after her marriage. The Judge was again married August 5, 1873, his second union being with Mrs. Emeline Bidwell, widow of Alonzo F. Bidwell and a daughter of Samuel Conklin, of Tecumseh, Michigan. One child was born to the Judge by his second wife, but died in infancy. In social circles and as a promoter of education, Judge Twiss has ever held a prominent place. He is a member of Kansas City commandery, No. 10, K. T., and with his estimable wife belongs to the Congregational church. He is president of the board of trustees of Kidder Academy, of Caldwell county, and also a trustee of Drury College. Whatever he has conscientiously attempted Judge Twiss has not failed to accomplish. His tenacity of purpose, strict integrity and varied capabilities command the admiration and respect of all who known him. His office is in the Rialto Building, where he is always found ready to give his professional services to his old friends, although he has no sign out as a lawyer. At 425 Gladstone avenue is a spacious mansion to which the Judge retires after the day's work is done. There Mrs. Twiss resides and together they entertain their friends or enjoy the quiet of each other's society. REV. GEORGE W. LOVE, M. D. Rev. George W. Love, M. D., of Westport, Missouri has devoted his entire life to the 2 most noble professions to which man gives his attention - the ministerial and the medical. Thus he has labored for his fellow men through a long and useful career, and all who know him hold him in the highest regard in recognition of his genuine worth. Dr. Love was born in Rhea county, Tennessee, August 8, 1818, and attended the common schools near his home. In his 17th year, accompanied by his widowed mother and twin brother, Dr. B. F. Love, he came to Missouri, locating near Columbus, Johnson county, in the Fall of 1835. Possessed of a deeply religious nature, and feeling that his services should be given to the human race, he entered the broadest field of ministerial labor - the missionary - and in the Fall of 1837 was employed as assistant missionary to the Peoria Indians. In 1839 he was sent to take the place of Rev. E. T. Peery among the Pottawattamie Indians. In the Fall of 1839 he joined the Missouri conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, and was appointed to the Clinton circuit. The next year he went to the Lexington circuit, the following year to the Hillsboro circuit, and the succeeding year was sent as a missionary to the Kaw Indiana, and spent the latter part of the year in Christian work among the Delaware tribes. On the 25th of July, 1843, George W. Love was united in marriage with Ann E. Munday, and afterward served as pastor of the churches in Richmond, Liberty, St. Joseph, Weston and Booneville, Missouri. In the Fall of 1848 he became the pastor of the First Methodist Church in New Madrid City, and for the two succeeding years was presiding elder of the Potosi district. He then filled the pastorate of a church in St. Louis for a year, and was afterward at Lexington, Missouri. While engaged in ministerial work then his left lung failed to perform its functions, and he was compelled to retire from the ministry. This led him to take up the study of medicine, and he attended a course of lectures in what is now the Missouri Medical College, but was then McDowell's College. He received his diploma from Pope's Medical College, now the St. Louis Medical College, in March, 1861, and began practice in 1852, at Pink Hill, 18 miles East of Independence. He built up that town, and was a prominent factor in its social, business and material welfare. In 1857 he removed to Wellington, Missouri, where he remained until 1862, and then spent two years in Lexington. After Price's last raid he left that place and removed to Nebraska City, where he continued for 3 years. His next place of residence was Kansas City, whence he came to Westport, where he has since remained, with the exception of 7 years spent in Joplin, Missouri, where he removed on account of his wife's health. Mrs. Love died on the 20th of August, 1890. They were the parents of 9 children, 4 of whom reached mature years, namely: Dr. Lewis; R. A.,; Annabel, wife of John March, of Kansas City; and C. H. who is engaged in the drug business in St. Louis. The family is connected with the Methodist church, and the Doctor is a local preacher in the same. Socially he is connected with several organizations. He belongs to the Masonic fraternity, holds a membership with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and was noble grand of the lodge at Wellington at the time of the breaking out of the civil war. In his political views he was in early life a whig, but on the dissolution of that party he joined the ranks of the democracy, and has since been one of its champions, although he has never sought or desired political preferment. He is the oldest practicing physician in Westport, and has a liberal patronage. Few men are more familiar with the early history of this state than the Doctor, and he will deserves mention among its honored pioneers. HON. LOUIS HENRY WATERS In the history of the bar of Missouri the name of this gentleman deserves honorable mention. In the profession where one must rise by superior merit or remain in the ranks of mediocrity he as attained an eminent position that ranks him among the leading lawyers of Kansas City. He was born December 22, 1828, and when a lad of ten summers accompanied his parents on their removal from Campbell county, Kentucky, to Fort Madison, Iowa. This was during the territorial days of the state and Mr. Waters largely became familiar with the experiences of frontier life. When he had attained a sufficient age he began reading law in the office of Miller & Williams, of Fort Madison, and after his admission to the bar he began teaching school, merely, however, as a temporary expedient. Mr. Waters accepted the position as teacher in the schools of La Harpe, Hancock county, Illinois, and subsequently removed to Macomb, that state, where he taught school and practiced law for a year or more. In 1854, he was elected to the legislature from McDonough county, Illinois, as the representative of the whig party, and while a member of the general assembly supported Abraham Lincoln for United States senator. When the name of Mr. Lincoln was dropped and the whig members gave their support to Lyman Trumbull, he voted for Archibald Williams, of Quincy, Illinois. In 1858 he was appointed by Governor Bissell as prosecuting attorney for the judicial circuit, composed of McDonough, Fulton, Schuyler, Brown and Pike counties. With the year 1861 came the opening of the civil war, and, prompted by a patriotic ardor that was not quelled while the struggle lasted, he offered his services to the government. Now that the story of the war of the rebellion has passed into history, the records of the soldiers of Illinois are as rich in deeds of daring and heroism as any page in the annals of the revolution, and their names will live in the affections of their countrymen “to the last syllable of recorded time.” With the names of Grant, Logan and Yates, that of General Waters has found its place on the roll of honor as a loyal defender of the stars and stripes which now float so proudly over the united nation, emblem of an unbroken union and of peace and good will. When the county became involved in civil war, Mr. Waters raised a company of volunteers, which was mustered into the service of company D of the 28th Illinois infantry, and when the organization of the regiment was effected he was commissioned lieutenant colonel by Governor Yates. In the spring of 1862 he was authorized to raise a regiment and was assigned to the command of the camp in Quincy, Illinois, where were organized the 78th, 84th and 119th regiments of Illinois infantry. He was commissioned as colonel of the 84th, and served as its commander until the close of the war, when he was commissioned by the president as brigadier general by brevet. He led his men in many a gallant charge, encouraging and inspiring them to put forth their best efforts, and the boys in blue of the 84th won a renown that reflected credit upon the leadership of their colonel. All through that sanguinary struggle he was found at the front, faithfully discharging his duties, and among Illinois' honored warriors he well deserves mention. In 1866 General Waters was appointed by Governor Oglesby as prosecuting attorney of his circuit to fill out an unexpired term, and in that position he acceptably served until 1869, when he removed to Carollton, Carroll county, Missouri, and resumed the practice of his profession. In 1876 he entered into partnership with Judge C. A. Winslow, of Chariton county, Missouri, and located in Jefferson City. The firm of Waters & Winslow was dissolved in 1878 by the appointment of the colonel to the position of United States attorney for the western district of Missouri. While he was the incumbent of that office, by an act of congress, the district was divided into two divisions, which required sessions of the district and circuit courts to be held at Kansas City; and upon the passage of that act General Waters and District Judge Krebel removed to Kansas City, where he has since resided. In January, 1895, he was appointed county counselor by the county court of Jackson county, and is discharging its duties with the same promptness and fidelity that have always marked his career both in public and private life. He is an able advocate, a conscientious and painstaking lawyer, logical in argument and possessing high oratorical powers. His addresses before judge and jury or on the bench have a substratum of sound sense and legal knowledge that is undisputable and yet is adorned and beautified by figures of speech as a stream is bordered by flowers. The Colonel has been twice married. In 1850 he wedded Miss Cordelia T. Pearson, and in January, 1880, he wedded Mrs. Annie E. Wylie. In politics he was a whig until the dissolution of that party, when he joined the ranks of the republican party. He devotes most of his time to the law, in which he has met with signal success, but gives enough attention to politics to keep in touch with the republican party of Missouri. HON. WEBSTER DAVIS To a student of human nature there is nothing of more interest than to examine into the record and history of a self-made man and to analyze those principles that have enabled him to pass on the highway of life many who started out before him and attain a position of prominence in the community. He of whom we write is one who has forced aside the barriers that obstruct the way until now he stands within that charmed circle, rich in honor and fame, a devoted son of his adopted city. Kansas City honors him as her mayor, and the honor is justly bestowed. From a humble position he has risen to one of eminence. As a jurist he stands among the most prominent in the state of Missouri, and as an orator has attained a brilliant reputation that places him among the most fluent, able and eloquent speakers of the west. The life history of such a man is a source of inspiration and encouragement, and demonstrates to what heights one may climb where his progress is not barred by the unsurmountable difficulties of caste or class. Webster Davis was born in Ebensburg, Cambria county, Pennsylvania, on the 1st of June, 1861, but since a very age has lived in Missouri, his father locating in this state about the time of the close of the war. On the old home farm Webster worked until the family's removal to Chillicothe in 1884. He then became familiar with commercial life by a year's service as a clerk in a hardware store. The father again removed in 1875, locating in that year removed in 1875, locating in that year in Gallatin, Daviess county, Missouri, where, under the instruction of his father, our subject learned the trade of shoemaking, which he continuously followed until 1881. It was his earnest desire, however, to acquire an education. Previous to this time he had attended the common schools to a very limited extent. He resolved to secure further advancement along this line, and with this end in view went to Lake Forest University near Chicago, where he arrived with less than $15.00 in his pocket. The young man of ambition and energy, however, is not deterred by obstacles, and he obtained the situation of attending to the street lamps of the town. This work he performed throughout the year, and not only paid for his tuition, board and clothing out of his earnings, but actually sent money back to his Missouri home to assist his father in support of the family. But the parents and children were having a hard tgime to get along, and he felt it was his duty to aid them to a greater extent. In consequence, returning to his old home he assisted his father in the shop and worked in a store, but ambition pointed the young man ahead to the time when he would be a lawyer, prominent among his professional brethren. He bent every energy toward the accomplishment of this purpose, and in 1882 entered the office of the widely known law firm of Shanklin, Low & McDougal, where, to pay for the instruction he received, he engaged in keeping books, and did their copying. He often “burned the midnight oil,” continuing his legal studies far into the night. The life of Mayor Davis has fully demonstrated the truth of the old adage that where there's a will there's a way. During 1884 and 1885 he was a student in the Kansas State University at Lawrence, and assisted in keeping boarders to raise the money to pay his tuition and other expenses. He was admitted to the bar in Garden City, Kansas, where he practiced for a time, but not satisfied with his legal learning, he went to Ann Arbor, Michigan, entering the law department of the famed university there, and graduating in the class of 1887. He was one of the youngest members of his class, numbering nearly 200, and had neither wealth, position nor friends of influence to advance him, but merit won an honor for him that the other attributes could not have done and he was honored by being selected to deliver the oration at the semi-centennial of the university in June, 1887. Mr. Davis now returned to his home in Kansas City, Missouri, but his mother was failing in health and he took her to Pueblo, Colorado, where for nearly a year he engaged in practice. On the expiration of that period he returned to Kansas City, and accepted the position of chief deputy in the office of surveyor of customs for the western district of Missouri and Kansas. In 1892 he was nominated for congress by the republican party of the 5th district of Missouri, entirely without his solicitation, but with the remainder of the ticket he met defeat. His energies were all then devoted to his legal practice, with the result that he wa acknowledged to be one of the most able members of the bar. In the preparation of his cases he manifested a care and thoroughness that made him master of the subject. He marshaled his evidence with the precision of a general, and while each detail was brought to bear with its full weight upon the case, he never for an instant lost sight of the important fact upon which the decision of a case finally turns. In argument he is logical and forceful, his repartee is telling, and his oratorical powers have made him known far and wide as a public speaker. In April, 1894, Mr. Davis was elected to the office of Mayor. Kansas City has always been considered a democratic stronghold; but, nominated by the republican party, of which he is an unswerving advocate, he carried its standard onward and upward until the word Victory was added to its banner, and the news spread that he had won the election by a majority of 7,000! One who had heard him in the delivery of one of his masterly addresses said, “We do not wonder now that Mr. Davis, an ardent republican, was a few months ago elected mayor of Kansas City, a stronghold of democracy.” When he became the standard-bearer of his party he resolved that the issue should terminate successfully if such a result could be secured by honorable, straightforward means. He stooped to none of the assiduous wiles so often employed by modern politicians, but he went into every voting precinct and spoke to the people, convincing them by his logic, his earnestness and his oratory until he won a following that seemed phenomenal. He entered upon the duties of his office, and the reins of city government have never been in more capable hands than they are at the present time. He has studied closely the situation, and his policy is a most commendable one. He is on the side of reform, improvement and all that is calculated to advance the educational, moral and material welfare of the city. Mr. Davis is today known as one of the most able speakers of the west. He is an orator who ability equals that of many of the best known statesmen of the country. His style is both unique and attractive, and in some points might be said to resemble that of the gifted statesman whose name he bears and who said, “True eloquence does not consist in words alone.” Mr. Davis could never be said to belong to that class of speakers who thrill and interest their auditors at the moment of utterance but leave no lasting impression, and sow no seeds of thought that will develop and ripen in time. He is earnest, eloquent, instructive and entertaining. He is master of the art of rhetoric and figures of speech adorn his addresses as the flowers that border a stream. A friend speaking of him said, “Mr. Davis has all the graces of an orator. He is a young man of remarkably fine appearance, tall and commanding, with great grace of manner and a voice that never fails in a 2 hour talk, yet that is capable, seemingtly, of infinite modulation at the will of the speaker. Mr. Davis is not simply an orator. He is an actor, as consummate and keen in his perceptions as ever appeared before the footlights of the stage. He has the scholarly tastes and literary culture, the eleocutionary skill of some of the best known orators of the west, and combines with it massive force and sledge-hammer logic, together with an case and grace of delivery that is seldom equaled. He has the power of holding his audiences entranced.” Mr. Davis is an illustrious prototype of a self-made man, and having in his young manhood already risen to such heights it is safe in predicting for him a most brilliant future. JUDGE M. H. JOYCE Who is now serving as Justice of the Peace in Kansas City, was born in Troy, Miami county, Ohio, November 11, 1854, descending from Irish ancestry. His paternal grandfather, a farmer in the Emerald Isle, died there at an advanced age. His parents, Henry Michael and Mary (McDonnell) Joyce, were both natives of Ireland, and came to America in the '40's, locating in Ohio, where the father followed farming. He died there in 1867, at the age of 48, and his wife passed away in 1856. Both were members of the Catholic church, and he served as a soldier in the Union army during the civil war. Their family numbered 3 children: Mary, wife of David McHale, of Piqua, Ohio; Annie, also living in Piqua; and Michael H., of this review. During his boyhood Judge Joyce was engaged to ride race horses until becoming too heavy for that purpose, when he engaged in training horses. He was about 18 years of age when he left Ohio. John Scullin, taking a great interest in the young man, kindly afforded him the means of acquiring an education, and he attended Manhattan College, at which he was graduated in 1880. He next went to St. Louis, where for a year he was employed in the officers of the Scullin Street Railway, having charge of the ticket accounting. His health then failing, he went to Colorado, where he remained for 9 months. In 1881 he arrived in Kansas City on a visit, but here his health improved so rapidly that he removed to this place to remain, and has since been a resident of this locality. He secured employment with the St. Joseph, Kansas City & Council Bluffs Railway as yard clerk, and occupied that position for 7 years, when his faithful service and ability won him promotion to the position of assistant yardmaster, in which capacity he served until November 7, 1890, when, on his election to the office of justice of the peace, he resigned. After a 4 year term he was reelected, in 1894, and when his present term expires will have filled the position for 8 years. On the 26th of December, 1883, Mr. Joyce was united in marriage with Miss Nora Carroll, daughter of Michael and Ellen Carroll. They have 4 children, -- Grover, Charles, Annie and Marguerite. The Judge and his family are members of the Catholic church, and he belongs to the Knights of Pythias fraternity, the Independent Order of Foresters, the Improved Order of Heptasophs, also the Ancient Order of Hibernians. In politics he is a stalwart democrat. With few advantages in his youth, Judge Joyce has, by this own efforts and the kindly assistance of one friend, worked his way steadily upward, and his career commands the esteem and confidence of all who know him. JUDGE JOHN BESTOR STONE Is the highest type of American citizenship, loyal and faithful to every trust. He is now judge of the county court, and in the discharge of his duties there is but one thing that he takes into consideration, and that is justice. Nothing can swerve him from the path which he believes to be right, and the predominant trait of his character is his absolute honesty and fidelity. A native of Alabama, the Judge was born in Marion, Perry county, December 5, 1842, and is a son of John M. and Permelia Caroline (Roberts) Stone. Two centuries and a half ago there came to the shores of America an English vessel, aboard which were 5 brothers of the name of Stone, who had come to find homes in the new world. They were of English birth, but allied their interests with the adopted land. Four of the number located in the northern colonies, while the remaining brother found a home in Virginia. From the last mentioned the Judge descended. His grandfather, the Judge descended. His grandfather, Robert Stone, was born in the Old Dominion and became the owner of a large plantation there. John M. Stone, the father of our subject, was born in South Carolina, and became a cabinet-maker by trade. He married Miss Roberts, a native of Alabama, and for many years they resided in that state. For a considerable period they were residents of Selma, and Mr. Stone was very prominent in public affairs there, serving as alderman and taking an active part in everything that pertained to the prosperity of the community. His wife died when the Judge was only 15 years of age, and his death occurred in Florida, June 27, 1890, at the age of 77 years and 10 months. They were both members of the Christian church, and had the high regard of all who knew them. Mrs. Stone was a daughter of Reuben Roberts, a native of South Carolina, who removed to Alabama, where he became a large planter. His death occurred there at an advanced age. In the family to which our subject belongs were 8 children - five sons and 3 daughters, of whom 3 are now living, namely: John B.; Melissa, wife of Walter E. Robbins, of Palatka, Florida; and Fannie G., who makes her home with her brother. When a lad of 9 years, Judge Stone accompanied his parents on their removal to Selma, Alabama, where he made his home until 1873, and then went to Texas. He was educated in the former city, but his literary studies were ninterrupted by his service in the Confederate army. He was reared in the south, and true to its institutions and beliefs he joined Company A, 4th Alabama infantry, when 19 years of age. In his second engagement - the battle of Manassas - his thigh bone was broken. At the battle of Chickamauga, September 20, 1864, he was wounded, and also in the seven days' fight near Richmond, and in the battle of the Wilderness on the 6th of May. At Fort Blakely he was captured and imprisoned on Ship Island until the close of the war. He participated in a number of the most hotly contested engagements of that long struggle, including the first and second battle of Manassas, Chickamauga, the 7 days battle in the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, and a number of heavy skirmishes. He entered the service as a private, but was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant. In his military career he exhibited that ardor and enthusiasm, valor and impetuosity characteristic of the true soldier. When the war was over Judge Stone returned to his old home in Selma, and for 2 years engaged in merchandising. He then removed to Shelby county, Alabama, where he carried on farming for a time, after which he returned to Selma, and was elected city clerk and tax collector. In 1873 he removed to Dallas, Texas, where he engaged in the real-estate business, following that pursuit for some years. During that time he erected the federal government building there and gave it to the state for 10 years free of charge. He also erected many other large buildings in that city. In 1879 he was elected alderman of Dallas, but soon after resigned and removed to Colorado, where he was engaged in mining for 3 years. Returning then to Texas, he made his home in the Lone Star State until 1885, when he came to Kansas City, where he engaged in the real-estate business for several years. He is a practical, thorough-going business man, perfectly reliable in all things, energetic and honorable, and no one has the confidence of the public to a greater degree that Mr. Stone. This fact was signally demonstrated in November, 1894, by his election to the office of presiding county judge. He was first spoken of for that position by the “reformed democratic” party, but such is his known ability and fidelity to duty that he was indorsed by the republicans and the populists, and also ran as an A.P.A. candidate, being the first man elected to that office in 25 years who was not elected on the regular democratic ticket. Those whose opposition he had to meet in the campaign were mostly professional politicians who place party above everything else and desire personal aggrandizement rather than the good of the country. The Judge has taken quite an active part in political affairs, but devotion to country is to him above party or personal preferment. He has been strongly talked of as the candidate for governor of Missouri in 1896, and the attitude of the loyal American element in the state as opposed to the party element was shown by an article which appeared in one of the leading journals of Missouri and read as follows: “What Missouri wants is a man in the gubernatorial chair; and it makes little difference whether he calls himself republican, democrat, populist or whatnot, so he is competent, a Christian gentleman and a patriot; and all these we believe Judge Stone to be. We have tried republican rule in Missouri and we have tried democratic; now let us try being ruled by American patriotism and let us put at the head of our ticket one who loves country more than party and Americanism more than personal aggrandizement.” The Judge is a man of strong convictions, fearless in expressing them under all proper circumstances, but always ready to hear and weigh the views of those who differ from him. He is unswerving in his support of what he believes to be right, no matter at what personal cost to himself. On the bench it is his aim to be absolutely impartial, and no personal feeling is allowed to interfere with the even-handed administration of justice. On the 18th of June, 1881, Mr. Stone was united in marriage with Mrs. Mary M. Kester, widow of John H. Kester, and a daughter of Joel and Mary Boile (Earles) Haley, both natives of North Carolina. Joel Haley was a union soldier, a member of Company I, third Arkansas infantry, and died in the service. Mrs. Stone was born in Steelville, Crawford county, Missouri, and by her marriage has become the mother of one daughter, -- Calla G. The Judge and his wife have a handsome brick residence at No. 3032 Prospect avenue, and in social circles are highly esteemed. They are members of Trinity Episcopal church, and the Judge belongs to the Masonic and Knights of Pythias fraternities and the American protective Association. In manner he is an affable, genial gentleman, of unvarying courtesy, highminded and scrupulously faithful to every trust. He numbers among his friends people of all classes and no man in Kansas City is more generally esteemed than Judge Stone. HON. JAMES S. BOTSFORD It has been said by a well-known writer that “some men are born great, some achieve greatness, and others have greatness thrust upon them;” and when in any department of life a man attains signal success the thinking world is wont to pause and inquire through which of these methods did his eminence come. In regard to the marked success attained by the Hon. James S. Botsford, one of the prominent lawyers of Kansas City, a review of his life will answer the above question. James S. Botsford was born in Waukesha county, Wisconsin, June 10, 1844, son of John Sherman Botsford and Rhoda nee Look, natives of Oneida county, New York, and of Scotch-Irish descent. The Botsford family were among the early settlers of the Empire state. Seymour Botsford, a brother of our subject's father, was a participant in the war for the independence of Texas and was killed at the battle of San Jacinto. John S. Botsford, the father of James S., was a farmer. Sometime in the 30's he left New York and emigrated to Wisconsin, which was then on the frontier, and in the midst of the dense forest of Waukesha county he purchased 160 acres of Government land, at $1.25 per acre, and at once devoted his energies to the work of clearing and improving his farm. This land is now very valuable. Here he died in 1851. The mother still survives and resides near Waukesha. Sometime after Mr. Botsford's death she became the wife of a Mr. Rodgers, and by him has 2 children, -- Anna and John. The children of her first marriage are 5 in number, named: James S., Clara, Mattie, Charles and Phoebe. Charles is an attorney of Oklahoma. It was on his father's farm that James S., was born, and amid frontier scenes that his boyhood days were passed. He attended the country schools for some years and when he grew older was sent to high school at Lisbon, Illinois. The breaking out of the war interrupted his studies, as it did those of many other patriotic young men, and in May, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company F, 5th Wisconsin infantry. With this command he was identified until September, 1864, when he was honorably discharged, having participated in all the principal engagements of his regiment up to that time. At the battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, he was wounded by a gunshot through the right shoulder, after which he was taken to Armory Square hospital, Washington, DC, where he remained 3 months. It was at the end of this time that he received his discharge and returned home. On his return hom he at once resumed his studies, giving especial attention to law, and in due time passed a creditable examination before the supreme court at Ottawa, Illinois. That was in 1866. The same year he entered upon the practice of his profession at Sedalia, Missouri, at which place he maintained his residence until 1872, having served one year, 1870, as city attorney. In 1872 he removed to Jefferson City, Missouri, where he practiced until 1879. He was United States attorney for the western district of Missouri from 1871 to 1877, or 2 terms. In 1879 he located in Kansas City, Missouri, and since that date has practiced here, having established at this place a large and lucrative business. He is now a member of the popular law firm of Botsford, Deatherage & Young. Both as a speaker and lawyer, he has few equals. Mr. Botsford has for years been identified with the Masonic fraternity, has received the higher degrees of the order, and has been honored by official position in the same. He is past high priest of the chapter, and past eminent commander of Kansas City commandery, K. T., No. 10; also he is a member of the George H. Thomas post, G. A. R. Mt. Botsford was married in November, 1871, to Miss Sallie, daughter of Colonel W. A. Warner, and granddaughter of General Leslie Combs, of Kentucky. Their only child, Georgia, is the wife of B. F. Deatherage, a prominent lawyer of Kansas City. HON. WILLIAM C. ADAMS One of the prominent and influential citizens of Jackson county, who has been an important factor in public affairs and an esteemed representative of agricultural interests, was born on the 13th of March, 1836, in the county where he yet makes his home. His parents, Lynchburg and Elizabeth (Drake) Adams, were numbered among the earliest settlers of Jackson county, and for more than 65 years the family has been prominently connected with the history of this state. William is the youngest in a family of 5 children, and amid the wild scenes of the frontier he was reared to manhood, early becoming familiar with the development of wild land and the labors necessary upon a farm. His primary education was acquired in the common schools and later he was for 8 months a student in Chapel Hill College, and for 3 months pursued his studies in William Jewell College. Mr. Adams remained at home until the breaking out of the war, when he offered his services to the South. He became second lieutenant in the Missouri state guards, in which he served for 6 months and participated in the battle of Lexington. He was afterward commissioned first lieutenant of Company G, 3rd Missouri infantry, commanded by Colonel Reeves, under General Sterling Price. In the Fall of 1862 his captain was killed and he assumed command of his company, thus serving until the close of the war. At the battle of Lexington he was slightly wounded, and again at the battle of Corinth he was slightly wounded and taken prisoner, but was soon after paroled. Near Vicksburg he was again captured and held for about 10 months on Johnson's island in Lake Erie, when he was exchanged. The war having closed Mr. Adams returned to Jackson county and engaged in agricultural pursuits in Blue township. On the 9th of April, 1868, he was united in marriage with Sarah J. Herd, who was born in Jackson county, Missouri, a daughter of Jesse Herd, deceased. Of their union, 5 children have been born, 4 now living, namely: Edmund L.; Susan E.; wife of T. C. Horan; Dora M.; and Charles L. Francis S. died in California when about 17 years of age, and the mother died in Blue township, October 21, 1883. On the 26th of February, 1884, Mr. Adams was again married, his 2nd union being with Mrs. Fannie Jepson, widow of Jesse W. Jepson and a daughter of C. J. Samples. She was born in Kentucky, but was reared in Clay County, Missouri. Of this marriage have been born 5 children, namely: Jessie A., James W.; Mary H.; John Q.; and Pauline Ruth. Mr. Adams has taken an active part in public affairs and has several times been called to office, wherein he has discharged his duties in such a prompt and capable manner that he has won the commendation of all concerned. He was at one time nominated on the greenback ticket for the office of state senator. In the Fall of 1879 he was elected on that ticket to the lower house of the legislature, and during his term served as a member of the committee on agriculture, retrenchment and reform and other important committees. For 16 years he has served as school director and has done effective service in the cause of education. He is a progressive, wide-awake citizen who favors all interests calculated to benefit his native county. Of recent years he has taken a very active part in advocating the building of macadam roads, being largely instrumental in having several road conventions held in his county. Chiefly through his exertions a permanent good roads association was formed for Jackson county, of which he is president. He is also vice-president of the Missouri Roads Improvement Association, a state organization which meets annually. He has served as chairman of the county committee of the populist party and is very prominent in public affairs. Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, south, and take an active interest in church work. For many years he has served as superintendent of the Sunday school, and does all in his power to advance the cause of Christianity. His home place is a valuable farm of 460 acres, richly cultivated and hightly improved, and he is now successfully carrying on farming and stock raising. HON. MILTON J. PAYNE The most interesting feature of biographical history is that which deals with the lives and characters of men who have through their own exertions risen to high positions. He whose name heads this sketch is an example of what can be attained through steady application, perserverance and industry, coupled with inherent ability. Hardship is the native soil of manhood and self-reliance, and the earnest desire of succeeding is almost always a prognostic of success. While Mr. Payne has steadily and persistently worked his way upward to a position of wealth, he has also been an important factor in the upbuilding of Kansas City and aided largely in promoting her material welfare. The benefactors of a city are those who advance her commercial activity, and with many of the leading business enterprises of Missouri's western metropolis he has been identified. He is a native of Kentucky. He was born in Christian county, on the 29th of October, 1829, and is a son of Edward Payne, and a grandson of Rev. James Payne, who was a prominent minister of the Baptist church. The father died in 1840, leaving a family of 7 children to the care of the widowed mother who had but little for their support, the estate which her husband left being small. Milton was the second in order of birth. Realizing at the early age of 13 that his mother could not well provide for all her family he resolved to earn his own livelihood and sought her consent to enter a printing office in Hopkinsville, the county seat of Christian county. The permission being finally granted, he entered courgeously upon the work, and, with a resolute purpose that difficulties have failed to quell and upon which obstacles have had little effect, he pursued his labors in the daytime and in the evening gave his hours to study, under the direction of one of the school teachers of the town, who took a deep interest in the young lad thus trying to secure an education. Soon afterward he was offered a position in dry goods house, and, feeling that it would be more to his taste, and would offer wider fields for the development of business capabilities, he gladly accepted it. Here he quickly developed such business tact and energy that his services were eagerly sought by the other leading merchants of Hopkinsville, and for several years he was in the employ of A. Gant & Sons, the most extensive dry goods dealers of that town. The discovery of gold in California, however, and the reports which he heard of the wonderful riches there to be secured, awakened in Mr. Payne a desire to try his fortune on the Pacific slope. Accordingly, in March, 1849, after visiting his mother, who had married again and removed to Illinois, he started for St. Louis, where he was to meet and join a part of friends from his old home who were also bound for the “new Eldorado.” Arriving at St. Louis he sought entertainment at the City Hotel, of which the well known and popular Theron Barnum was the proprietor, and the hose, taking a deep interest in the young stranger, on learning his destination, persuaded him to abandon his California trip, assuring him profitable employment if he would remain in St. Louis. He fulfilled his promise and obtained for Mr. Payne a position in one of the largest dry goods houses in the city, where he remained until October, 1850, when he relinquished it to accept a partnership in a dry goods and clothing house to be opened in Kansas City, which was then a frontier town, but was becoming a place of considerable importance as a trading point for the Indians and the residents of New Mexico and the southwest. The new venture, however, proved unprofitable, and the business was closed the following spring. Mr. Payne who had invested all his capital, was thus forced to begin business left anew, which he did as a salesman in the extensive dry goods house of Walker, Boyd & Chick, of Kansas City. For several years he remained with that firm, a most trusted and faithful employee, demonstrating beyond a doubt his superior business ability. His worth was now being widely recognized, and in 1855 the reins of city government were placed in his hands. In June, 1855, he had been elected mayor, and so acceptably did he serve that by re-election he was continued in that office until 1862, with the exception of the years 1860 and 1861. The city was then in its early stages of development, and a capable business man at its head did more to direct and shape its policy and promote its growth than anything else could have done. Mr. Payne devoted his entire attention to its welfare, and made a close study of its growth, promoting every enterprise and interest which he believed calculated to improve it. Under his administration streets were first graded and macadamized, public buildings were erected and railway projects were kept constantly in view. It was during these years that the magnificent railway system now operated in the city had its origin. The city officials and the chamber of commerce were cooperating in splendid unity to advance the railroad projects, and he had the support of the people who recognized the efficiency of his practical and progressive administration conducted on straightforward and honorable business principles. The political support of Mr. Payne has always been given to the democratic party. In early years he took an active part in politics, taking rank as a leader of ability and popularity. He was a great admirer of Stephen A. Douglas, and was a supporter of the war for the union. Ever loyal to his party, he has been prominent in advancing its interests, yet a strong opponent of the intrigues and wiles that are frequently practiced by modern politicians. In 1862, while serving as mayor, he was elected to the state legislature from Jackson county, and re-elected in 1864. Two years later he went to the East in behalf of the railroad interests in this section of the country, and during his absence was nominated by his party for the office of state senator, and undoubtedly was elected, receiving a majority of the votes cast, but for alleged informality the returns from a township in Jackson county, which gave him a large majority, were thrown out by the canvassing board, which was politically opposed to him, and the certificate of election was given his opponent. Mr. Payne continued to take a lively part in politics after he was defeated by the canvassing board, but never again became a candidate for political office. At those congressional conventions of which he was a member he was solicited to accept the nomination as a compromise candidate. In each of these instances he was in the convention as the chosen manager of the interests of one of the candidates for nomination, and would not consent to the sacrifice of his friends, and by his steadfast loyalty was twice successful in procuring for his friends the nomination which he refused. As a member of the house of representatives he was active, successful and popular. To his efforts and ability are largely due the passage of a bill for the construction of the Missouri Pacific railroad to Kansas City. He was also champion of the bill which secured the building, to this city, of the western branch of the North Missouri Railroad, now the St. Louis, Kansas City & Wabash road. Realizing the importance of these “iron highways,” Mr. Payne has labored actively and efficiently in securing the establishment of various railroads through this section of the country. He has been the incorporator of several, and with time and money promoted these. He became one of the incorporators and stockholders of the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad, and successfully canvassed the border counties of Kansas, delivering many public addresses in favor of county subscriptions to its stock. He has witnessed a great transformation in the transportation lines of the country, and the public recognize the important part he has played in bringing this about. In 1865 Mr. Payne was appointed one of the delegates to represent Kansas City at a conference held by the United States government with the southern Indians at Fort Smith, Arkansas, the purpose of which was to procure a clause in a proposed treaty for the restoration of governmental relations with those tribes and thus obtain the right of way through the Indian territory for the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railway. Other business enterprises which have largely promoted the upbuilding of the city and its material welfare, have received the support of Mr. Payne. On the organization of the Kansas City Gas Light & Coke Company in 1867, of which he was a promoter, and which supplied a want much felt by the progressive city, he became its president, and continued to serve in that capacity until the expiration of its charter in 1895. The Kansas City Gas Company then succeeded to its business and he is president of the latter. He occupies a similar position with the Union Cemetery Association. As his financial resources increased, he has made judicious investments in real estate, and now owns considerable valuable property. All has been acquired through his own efforts. Perseverance, honorable dealing, sound judgment and enterprise are the qualities which have entered into his success. In 1852 Mr. Payne was united in marriage with Mary Adeline Prudhomme, the youngest child of Gabriel Prudhomme, who entered from the government the original side of Kansas City. Of their marriage were born 6 children, 4 yet living, Mrs. Payne, a very charitable lady, modest in manner, but possessed of very attractive qualities, died November 10, 1867. In February, 1892, our subject was again married, this union being with Mrs. Jeannie Chamberlin, widow of John C. Chamberlin, of Cincinnati, Ohio, who for many years was a prominent railroad man. The lady is a native of the sunny south, her father having been an extensive sugar planter of Louisiana. She was educated in one of the leading academies of that state, and is a most estimable, accomplished and lovable lady of fine literary attainments, who for some years has been a contributor to literary publications. She has a wide circle of friends through the south and in Kansas City, and presides with graceful dignity over the hospitable family mansion. She is liberal both in mind and purse, and her many works of charity have been a source of gratitude to numerous humble families of this city. Mr. Payne has also the faculty of readily winning friends, as he is an interesting and entertaining converationalist, a fluent and forcible talker. Holding an honored place in the ranks of Kansas City's prominent residents and upbuilders, this volume would be incomplete without the record of his life.
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